Agriculture Practices

vanshika sinha
Mind Map by vanshika sinha, updated more than 1 year ago
vanshika sinha
Created by vanshika sinha over 3 years ago
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Description

it contains how crop is sown to how crop is harvested. hope this helps and check out my other resources too !!!!!

Resource summary

Agriculture Practices
1 1. soil preparation
1.1 Ploughing

Annotations:

  • it is a process of loosening and turning over the soil.
1.2 levelling

Annotations:

  • it is used for sowing the seeds, for irrigation and for breaking big soil pieces (crumbs)
2 2. selection and sowing of seeds
2.1 seeds are selected
2.1.1 sown in soil
2.1.1.1 broadcasting

Annotations:

  • seeds are just scattered.
2.1.1.2 transplanting

Annotations:

  • in this seedlings are planted not directly the seeds.
3 3. replenishment of nutrients
3.1 manure

Annotations:

  • it is the animal and plants waste
3.2 fertilisers

Annotations:

  • it is a chemical substance
4 4. irrigation
4.1 lift irrigation

Annotations:

  • these are traditional methods
4.2 modern methods
4.2.1 furrow irrigation

Annotations:

  • in this water runs in field through channels made between 2 rows of crops.
4.2.2 basin irrigation

Annotations:

  • in this entire field is filled with water.
4.2.3 sprinkler irrigation

Annotations:

  • in this pipes are laid and are joined together with having rotating nozzles at the top end.
4.2.4 drip irrigation

Annotations:

  • in this water is provided drop by drop just at their roots.
5 5. weeding

Annotations:

  • in this unwanted plants are removed without harming the crop.
6 6. harvesting
6.1 manual

Annotations:

  • crops are cut close to the ground.
6.2 mechanical

Annotations:

  • harvesting is done by harvesters or combiners
7 7. threshing and winnowing
7.1 threshing

Annotations:

  • separating grain and husk from harvested crop
7.2 winnowing

Annotations:

  • separating grains from hay and chaff.
8 8. storage of grains
8.1 protection

Annotations:

  • should be protected from pests, moisture etc.
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