2nd Non-Cooperation Movement

jacksearle
Mind Map by jacksearle, updated more than 1 year ago
jacksearle
Created by jacksearle almost 7 years ago
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A-Levels India History Mind Map on 2nd Non-Cooperation Movement, created by jacksearle on 04/30/2013.
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2nd Non-Cooperation Movement
1 Reason/Aims
1.1 Congress agreed to start the campaign based on the national disgust at the British support of Dyer
1.2 Gandhi stated the main aim to be swaraj within a year
1.2.1 Unrealistic aim but successfully captured the attention of the nation
1.3 Gandhi also wanted to unite all religions, this became a repeated trend
2 Methods
2.1 Mass Protest
2.1.1 Marches
2.1.2 Demos
2.1.3 Meetings
2.2 Mass burning of UK goods - public stunt
2.3 Boycotts of law courts/schools/elections
2.4 Boycott of British Goods
2.5 Hartals
3 Success
3.1 Success was limited, There were Positives and Negatives
3.1.1 Positives
3.1.1.1 Again Gandhi gained a huge amount of support for nationalist movement
3.1.1.2 30,000 arrested, tactics worked
3.1.1.2.1 Gives Gandhi publicity and exposes British as unfair
3.1.2 Negatives
3.1.2.1 Didn't achieve aims
3.1.2.1.1 Moplah Rebellion/Chauri Chaura clear example of religious division
3.1.2.1.2 Didn't achieve Swaraj within a year
4 Moplah Rebellion
4.1 Unrest in area extended by agitation caused by non-cooperation + resentment of rich local landlords
4.2 Moplahs (Muslims) turned on Hindus
4.2.1 600 Hindus killed
4.2.2 2500 Hindus forcibly converted to islam
4.3 Prov.govt called in to deal with rebellion
4.3.1 Martial Law ruthlessly imposed
4.3.1.1 2000+ rebels killed, including 66 that were left to suffocate on a train
5 Chauri Chaura + End of movement
5.1 Feb 6th 1922 Gandhi calls off movement
5.1.1 Due to a protest mob in Chauri Chaura burning 20 policemen to death
5.1.1.1 Gandhi had very strong morals, non violence or nothing.
5.1.1.1.1 Supporters felt betrayed by Gandhi
5.2 Gandhi declares the end of his involvement in political campaigns
5.2.1 Plans to retire to ashram
5.2.2 Before he could devote himself, gets sentenced to 6 years prison on 10 March 1922
5.2.2.1 However the arrest of 1000s during non cooperation had turned prison into a badge of honour
5.2.2.1.1 Indian masses no longer scared by British legal authority
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