2nd Non-Cooperation Movement

Mind Map by jacksearle, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by jacksearle almost 7 years ago


A-Levels India History Mind Map on 2nd Non-Cooperation Movement, created by jacksearle on 04/30/2013.

Resource summary

2nd Non-Cooperation Movement
1 Reason/Aims
1.1 Congress agreed to start the campaign based on the national disgust at the British support of Dyer
1.2 Gandhi stated the main aim to be swaraj within a year
1.2.1 Unrealistic aim but successfully captured the attention of the nation
1.3 Gandhi also wanted to unite all religions, this became a repeated trend
2 Methods
2.1 Mass Protest
2.1.1 Marches
2.1.2 Demos
2.1.3 Meetings
2.2 Mass burning of UK goods - public stunt
2.3 Boycotts of law courts/schools/elections
2.4 Boycott of British Goods
2.5 Hartals
3 Success
3.1 Success was limited, There were Positives and Negatives
3.1.1 Positives Again Gandhi gained a huge amount of support for nationalist movement 30,000 arrested, tactics worked Gives Gandhi publicity and exposes British as unfair
3.1.2 Negatives Didn't achieve aims Moplah Rebellion/Chauri Chaura clear example of religious division Didn't achieve Swaraj within a year
4 Moplah Rebellion
4.1 Unrest in area extended by agitation caused by non-cooperation + resentment of rich local landlords
4.2 Moplahs (Muslims) turned on Hindus
4.2.1 600 Hindus killed
4.2.2 2500 Hindus forcibly converted to islam
4.3 Prov.govt called in to deal with rebellion
4.3.1 Martial Law ruthlessly imposed 2000+ rebels killed, including 66 that were left to suffocate on a train
5 Chauri Chaura + End of movement
5.1 Feb 6th 1922 Gandhi calls off movement
5.1.1 Due to a protest mob in Chauri Chaura burning 20 policemen to death Gandhi had very strong morals, non violence or nothing. Supporters felt betrayed by Gandhi
5.2 Gandhi declares the end of his involvement in political campaigns
5.2.1 Plans to retire to ashram
5.2.2 Before he could devote himself, gets sentenced to 6 years prison on 10 March 1922 However the arrest of 1000s during non cooperation had turned prison into a badge of honour Indian masses no longer scared by British legal authority
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Government of India Act 1935
1930-1934 Timeline
The Neil Cripps Mission 1942
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 1919
1937 Elections/Lahore Resolution 1940
Impact of Churchill
Outbreak of WWII
1st Non-Cooperation Movement 1919/Khilafat
Events of 1927-1929
Simla Conference 1946/May Statement
End of war - 1919