1937 Elections/Lahore Resolution 1940

Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-Levels India History Mind Map on 1937 Elections/Lahore Resolution 1940, created by jacksearle on 05/20/2013.

Created by jacksearle over 6 years ago
Outbreak of WWII
1st Non-Cooperation Movement 1919/Khilafat
2nd Non-Cooperation Movement
Developmental Psychology - Freud, Little Hans (1909)
Robyn Chamberlain
Diseño de Software
Verny Fernandez
Government of India Act 1935
1930-1934 Timeline
The Neil Cripps Mission 1942
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 1919
Impact of Churchill
1937 Elections/Lahore Resolution 1940
1 1937 elections
1.1 Congress landslide victory
1.1.1 Now effectively the governing party of India
1.2 Congress felt so powerful that they refused to cooperate with the viceroy unless he promised to not overrule decisions made by provincial govts
1.2.1 Linlithgow reluctantly agrees - no option
1.3 Congress refused to include any Muslim politicians in Provincial govts
1.3.1 Described as "one of the gravest miscalculations by the Congress leadership in its long history" - Ayesha Jalal
1.4 Muslim results
1.4.1 there were 482 Muslim reserved seats in the 1937 elections Muslim league only claimed 109 of them
1.4.2 held 15% of all seats in legislatures Muslim population make up 22% - poor result
2 Lahore Resolution 1940
2.1 Overview
2.1.1 Sets out Muslim demands for an independent state ML were demanding areas of Muslim majority to be separated off as independent states These states would be autonomous and sovereign
2.2 Ambiguity
2.2.1 Much confusion over exact demands
2.2.2 Fazlul Huq, a muslim leader, thought that independent states meant two equal separations, one in the east - Bengal, one in the west - Pakistan
2.2.3 Jinnah let it be known privately that he only intended 2 wings to one state Jinnah also open to idea that independent muslim states could be part of an All-India superstate Jinnah did not announce this until 6 years after Has caused historians to question his true objectives
2.3 Hostage Theory
2.3.1 Lahore resolution came under much scrutiny based on the idea that minority rights were not protected Jinnah responded with his idea of hostage theory He argued that because there would be minorities in both the Hindu and the Muslim state, the majorities would be forced to protect the rights of the minorities to prevent their minorites being attacked in the other state

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