Congestive heart Failure

mohammed alshura
Mind Map by , created about 3 years ago

a concept map about Congestive heart failure

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mohammed alshura
Created by mohammed alshura about 3 years ago
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Congestive heart Failure
1 Risk factors
1.1 Hypertension
1.2 Myocardial infarction
1.3 Coronary heart disease
1.4 Age & Gender
1.5 Ethnicty & Family history
1.6 Diabetes & Obesity
2 Classification
2.1 High & low output
2.2 Systolic & Diastolic
2.3 Acute and chronic
3 Compensatory Mechanisms
4 Great Vessels of the heart
5 Diagnosis
5.1 Physical Examination
5.2 History
6 Investigations
6.1 Echo
6.2 Chest X-ray
6.3 Blood test
6.4 ECG
6.5 Cardiac Catheterization
7 Pathophysiology
7.1 Left sided heart failue
7.1.1 Causes
7.1.1.1 Ischemia
7.1.1.2 Hypertension
7.1.1.3 MI
7.1.2 effect
7.1.2.1 Backward
7.1.2.1.1 Pulmonary Congestion
7.1.2.1.1.1 Coughing/ Dyspnea / Orthopnea / PND / Plumonary Edema / Crackles
7.1.2.2 Forward
7.1.2.2.1 decreased CO
7.1.2.2.1.1 Hypoperfusion of organs : Chest pain / syncope
7.2 Right sided Heart Failure
7.2.1 Causes
7.2.1.1 Left sided HF
7.2.1.2 Left to right shunts
7.2.1.3 Chronic lung disease
7.2.2 Effects
7.2.2.1 Juglar Vein distention / Hepatosplenomegaly / liver cirrhosis / Pitting Edema
8 Management
8.1 non-Pharmacological
8.1.1 Monitoring
8.1.1.1 Sodium Intake
8.1.1.2 Fluid Intake
8.1.2 Excercise
8.2 Pharmacological
8.2.1 Increase function of the heart
8.2.1.1 Adrenergics
8.2.1.2 Inotropics
8.2.1.3 B-adrenergic blockers
8.2.2 Decrease load on the heart
8.2.2.1 Diuretics
8.2.2.2 ACE-I
8.2.2.3 ARBs
8.2.2.4 Vasodilators
8.2.2.5 Aldosterone Antagonist