Pituitary gland

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Endocrine system and Reproductive system Mind Map on Pituitary gland, created by shelleymcgurk on 03/26/2014.

Created by shelleymcgurk over 5 years ago
What is Endocrine?
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Thyroid gland
The pancreas
Pituitary gland
1 Master glands means act as boss
2 Anterior - at the front of
3 Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
3.1 Thyroid gland
3.1.1 Regulation of metabolism, breakdown of fat, control of water content
4 Somatrophic Hormone (growth)
4.1 Long bones and muscles of the body
4.1.1 Increases rate of growth and maintains size in adulthood. Over-secretion in children can cause gigantism, under-secretion can cause dwarfism
5 Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH)
5.1 Adrenal cortex
5.1.1 This stimulates and controls the growth and hormonal output of the adrenal cortex
6 Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
6.1 Sexual Organs
6.1.1 Controls maturation of ovarian follicles in females and sperm production in males
7 Gonadotrophic Hormones
7.1 Sexual Organs
7.1.1 These control the development and growth of the ovaries and testes
8 Luteinising Hormone (LH)
8.1 Sexual organs
8.1.1 In women this helps prepare the uterus for the fertilised ovum and prepares breasts for lactation in pregnancy. In men it acts on the testes to produce testosterone
9 Prolactin
9.1 The breasts
9.1.1 This stimulates the production of the milk from the breasts following birth
10 Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH)
10.1 The skin
10.1.1 This stimulates the production of melanin in the basal cell layer of the skin
11 Posterior - behind or lower
12 Oxytocin
12.1 Pregnant uterus, breasts
12.1.1 Contraction of smooth muscle, stimulates the uterus during childbirth and stimulates the breasts to produce milk
13 Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) or vasopressin
13.1 Kidneys
13.1.1 Increase in absorption of water so less urine is excreted. Under-secretion can cause diabetes insipidus, which is characterised by excess excretion of dilute urine