Piaget Theory: Stage 1 - Sensorimotor Period = birth - 2yrs

Mind Map by Elizabeth.T.Hill, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Elizabeth.T.Hill almost 7 years ago


development psychology (Cognition in Infants and Children) Mind Map on Piaget Theory: Stage 1 - Sensorimotor Period = birth - 2yrs, created by Elizabeth.T.Hill on 03/28/2014.

Resource summary

Piaget Theory: Stage 1 - Sensorimotor Period = birth - 2yrs
  1. Phase 1: birth - 1 month = reflexes
    1. sucking (1st one), grasping
      1. adapt and modify movements in response to objects [shape, size, texture]
      2. Phase 2: 1-4 months = primary circular reactions
        1. co-ordinating behaviours
          1. starting to integrate reflexes
            1. when random movements lead to unexpected but pleasant outcome, which they then start to reproduce
            2. Phase 3: 4-8 months = secondary circular reaction
              1. working out reactions to behaviour
                1. cause and effect - realising direct consequences
                2. learning connections between casual action and their effects on the environment
                  1. at the end of this stage able to retrieve partially hidden objects
                  2. Phase 4: 8-12 months = coordination of secondary schemas
                    1. acquire more advancement in effect, goal directed behaviour
                      1. show first genuine intentional behaviour
                        1. understanding object permanence = 9 months
                          1. don't full understand as make the A not B error
                            1. not yet able to separate concept of an object going missing and the actions used to find it
                        2. Phase 5: 12-18 months = tertiary circular reactions
                          1. play with objects in different ways, interact with the world in a flexible way
                            1. object permanence - no longer make A not B error
                              1. actively experimenting with different actions to examine its effect on the physical and social environment
                              2. Phase 6: 18 months - 2 years = representational thought
                                1. experimenting - "what will happen if I do this?"
                                  1. prediction and planning not trial and error
                                    1. ability to create mental representations - independent of perceptual or motor experience
                                      1. first signs of "deferred imitation: - repetition of another's behaviour some time after it has been observed
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                                      Piaget's Theory: Stage 4 - Formal Operations = 11-adulthood
                                      Cognition Development
                                      Accomplishment of SM period:
                                      Piaget's Theory: Stage 2 - Preoperational Stage = 2-7yrs
                                      Object permanence - sensorimotor period
                                      Piaget's Theory: Stage 3 - Concrete operational thought = 7-11 years
                                      Age-related changes in encoding, retention and retrieval using studies of operant conditioning
                                      To address the methodological challenges in studying memory in infants.
                                      Understand other cognitive developments which occur early in life: memory and theory of mind
                                      Understanding theory of mind and explain why children fail theory of mind tasks
                                      Describe common research designs: Developmental Theorists