Psychopathology Mind Map

Lionel Mazuru
Mind Map by Lionel Mazuru, updated more than 1 year ago
Lionel Mazuru
Created by Lionel Mazuru almost 5 years ago
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Notes of psychopathology topic (A level)

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Psychopathology Mind Map
  1. DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY
    1. DEVIATION FROM SOCIAL NORMS
      1. Social norms are how we should behave so violation of these unwritten rules in society is classified as abnormal. Social norms are set b the social group e.g. school inc. morals and expectations.
        1. - Subjective - based on opinions of elites of society
          1. - Changes over time - Ecological validity/Historical bias
            1. - Discriminated against in labelled - can be abused if seen as abnormal
              1. - Breaking norms can be beneficial - Suffragettes / until 1980, homosexuality was considered a psychological disorder by the World Health Organisation (WHO)
        2. Statistical Infrequency
          1. A person's trait, thinking of behaviour is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual.
            1. For example: an individual who has an IQ below/above the average level of IQ in society is abnormal
              1. - Fails to recognise the desirability of the particular behaviour e.g. high IQ
                1. Many rare behaviours/characteristics (left handedness) have no bearing on abnormality or normality.
                  1. Some characteristics are regarded as abnormal even though they are quite frequent. DEPRESSION may affect 27% of elderly people (Nimh, 2001). This would make it common but that doesn't mean it isn't a problem.
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