Implications of research into attachments and day care

danny-hudson97
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels Psychology (Unit 1 - Attachments) Mind Map on Implications of research into attachments and day care, created by danny-hudson97 on 04/07/2014.

27
1
0
Tags
danny-hudson97
Created by danny-hudson97 over 5 years ago
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
SAT Exam 'Word of the Day' Set 2
SAT Prep Group
PSBD TEST 1
Mwebaze Green
History of Psychology
mia.rigby
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
showmestarlight
Implications of research into attachments and day care
1 Children’s hospital
1.1 Following the findings of Robertson and Robertson’s study that children require continuing emotional care and as much contact as possible with natural parents, visiting hours were extended. Today hospitals sometimes allow around the clock visiting hours.
2 Deferred adoption?
2.1 Mothers who were intent on having their children adopted used to still be encouraged to nurse them in the first few weeks and months of life before they were adopted. This would result in either a broken bond when they were moved or in no attachment being made at all because of the lack of sensitive responsiveness on the part of the unwilling mother. Today, thanks to research into attachment behaviour, adoption usually occurs in the first few weeks of life.
3 Teaching grandmother to suck eggs
3.1 Some psychologists have suggested that knowledge of attachments can be used to improve parenting skills. For example:
3.1.1 Juffer et al (1997)
3.1.1.1 Conducted a study aimed at seeing whether adoptive parents could be taught sensitive responsiveness.
3.1.1.2 Method
3.1.1.2.1 Ninety families were split into three groups of thirty. Thirty received no training, thirty received training via a self-help booklet and thirty received training via being filmed interacting with children and then watching the footage with an expert who advised on better techniques.
3.1.1.3 Findings and conclusions
3.1.1.3.1 The first two groups control and training via a booklet showed no differences in responsiveness to the general population, whereas those trained by human intervention were significantly improved which crucially led to a more secure bond being formed
3.1.1.3.1.1 The researchers concluded that not only could sensitive responsiveness be taught but it did indeed improve quality of attachment.
4 Improving day care
4.1 What constitutes good care isn’t easy to define but the following variables seem important:
4.1.1 Plenty of verbal interaction
4.1.1.1 Especially between the child and carer which seems to result in higher quality day care. Verbal interaction between parent and child tends to be more complex and beneficial simply because they can provide undivided attention to their children rather than have to divide it between many
4.1.2 Sensitive responsiveness of the carer
4.1.2.1 According to the NICHD, this is the single most important factor. In one survey they discovered that only 23% of carers provided ‘highly sensitive’ care with 20% being ‘emotionally detached’ from the children in their care
4.1.3 Consistency of care is also important
4.1.3.1 Low staff turnover provides opportunities for children to form attachments with the care givers.
4.1.4 Well qualified staff
4.1.4.1 Sylva et al (2003)
4.1.4.1.1 Found it was particularly important for the day care centre manager to be wee trained.
4.1.5 Child/staff ratios should be kept low
4.1.5.1 No higher than 3 children to each carer, children should be kept in small groups so fewer strangers need to be dealt with
4.1.6 Mixed age groups
4.1.6.1 Good for the child’s social development
5 Child/day care fit
5.1 Some children will benefit more from day care than others. Similarly the type of day care required will vary from child to child, depending on their temperament and upon the home environment.
5.1.1 For example, more aggressive children may be better off placed in day care homes or receive at home care rather than be placed in larger day care centres.
5.2 Children who attend group day care tend to develop better social skills since they are mixing with larger groups of peers.
5.2.1 Children from very poor backgrounds seem to be less aggressive when in larger groups than when kept at home

Media attachments