taylor.sidney
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Outline of enzymes in general.

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taylor.sidney
Created by taylor.sidney over 5 years ago
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Enzymes
1 Biological Catalyst
1.1 Speed up reaction without being affected itself.
2 All end in -ase
2.1 Protease
2.1.1 Breaks down proteins into amino acids
2.1.1.1 Stomach and Small intestine
2.1.1.1.1 pH2 in stomach
2.1.1.1.2 alkaline pH in small intestine.
2.2 Lipase
2.2.1 Breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
2.2.1.1 Small Instestine
2.2.1.1.1 Alkaline pH
2.3 Amalayse
2.3.1 Breaks down starch into sugars
2.3.1.1 Small intestine and Mouth
2.3.1.1.1 pH 7/8
3 Very Specific
3.1 pH
3.1.1 Denatures over optimum pH.
3.2 temperature
3.2.1 best at 37 degrees - body temp
3.2.2 Starts to slow down at 40 degrees
3.2.3 over optimum temp - denatures.
4 Bile
4.1 Made by Liver
4.2 Stored in the Gall Bladder
4.3 Alkaline
4.4 Emulsifies fats
4.4.1 big droplets to small droplets
4.4.1.1 Bigger surface area - enzymes break down fats faster.
5 Active site
5.1 'Lock and Key'
5.1.1 Only one enzyme for each type of active site.
5.2 Substrate
5.3 Denatures- Active site is deformed due to different conditions.

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