Proportional Systems

amyfeno
Mind Map by amyfeno, updated more than 1 year ago
amyfeno
Created by amyfeno about 6 years ago
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Description

a level Government and Politics (Electoral Systems) Mind Map on Proportional Systems, created by amyfeno on 04/08/2014.

Resource summary

Proportional Systems
1 Single Transferable Vote
1.1 List candidates in multi member constituency
1.1.1 In order of preference
1.1.1.1 Lowest placed candidate is eliminated and votes redistributed
1.1.2 must achieve a quota
1.1.2.1 Droop formula
1.2 Used in Scottish local elections and North Ireland EU elections
1.3 Chose contenders from more than one party
1.4 Fairer to smaller parties
1.5 Complex
2 seats should reflect the vote
2.1 representatives serve very large areas
2.1.1 multi-memeber constituencies
3 Closed list system
3.1 choose party list
3.1.1 closed lists deny voter choice of candidates
3.2 number of votes for party determines how many candidates elected from list
3.2.1 seats divided according to share of vote gained
3.2.1.1 make coalitions likely
3.2.2 Used in UK European elections
3.2.3 strong connection between votes + seats
4 Additional member system ( HYBRID)
4.1 features of FPTP
4.1.1 50% seats elected under FPTP
4.1.1.1 then distributed proportionally
4.2 two votes
4.2.1 0ne for party, one for individual in constituency
4.3 scottish, welsh and london assembly elections
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