Changing Urban Environments

Brutal Butt Slaps
Mind Map by Brutal Butt Slaps, updated more than 1 year ago
Brutal Butt Slaps
Created by Brutal Butt Slaps almost 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Changing Urban Environments, created by Brutal Butt Slaps on 04/08/2014.

Resource summary

Changing Urban Environments
1 MEDC's
1.1 mainly located north of Iquater
1.1.1 gradual growth
1.1.1.1 more developed
1.1.1.1.1 more orginised
1.1.1.1.2 much more money
1.1.1.2 larger cities
1.1.1.2.1 higher population
1.1.1.2.1.1 migrants get can get jobs in factories to pay for homes
1.1.1.2.1.2 better quality of life
1.1.1.2.2 Factories
1.1.1.2.2.1 more jobs
1.2 issues
1.2.1 high parking charges
1.2.2 Strict building planning
1.2.3 every 1/4 shops closed due to the take over of shopping malls
1.2.4 No finasial help
1.2.5 high amounts of clothes shops
1.2.6 Online shopping
2 LEDC's
2.1 mainly located south or bellow the Iquater
2.1.1 Rapid Growth
2.1.1.1 Rapid rural to urban growth
2.1.1.1.1 nowhere to live or build
2.1.1.1.1.1 favelas
2.1.1.1.1.1.1
2.1.1.1.1.2 shanties
2.1.1.1.1.2.1 built on sides of hills, grave yards or outside of the city
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 conditions in a shanty town
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 steep and flooded land
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.2 contaminated water
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.3 build from rubbish and things just lying around
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.4 open sewers
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.5 people sell thing from the litter on the streets to get money for food
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.6 living on pavments
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.6.1 cramped
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.6.2 densly built
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.7 result of rapid migration from rural to city life
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.8 no infrastructure
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.8.1 crime
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.8.1.1 murder
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.8.1.2 theft
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9 life in a squatter settlement
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1 Dharavi
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.1 rents as low as 185 rupees
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.2 located between two of mumbais two main rail lines
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.3 tiny manufacturing
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.4 the government has plans to redevelop dharavi
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.5 densely built
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.6 over crowded
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.1.7 narrow open sewer path ways
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2 rocinha
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.1 over crowded
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.2 densely built
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.3 small houses
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.4 open sewers
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.5 litter everywere
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.9.2.6 built on a steep hill where no one else would build
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.10 Redeveloping squatter settlments
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11 Redeveloping squatter settlements
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1 self help services
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1.1 develop the towns on there own with no help from the government
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1.2 DIY
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1.2.1 slow
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1.3 legal ownership of land
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.1.4 recycaling
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.2 affordable electricity provided
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.3 cheap water costs and fitting water piping
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.4 medical facilities built and provided for by charities
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5 Site and service
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.1 houses built of plot of land
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.1.1 basic infurstructure provided
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.2 small and large scale
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.3 whole new towns created
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.4 local people not given money to build thier own house
2.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.11.5.4.1 poorly built houses
2.1.1.1.1.3 Squatter settlments
2.1.1.1.1.3.1
2.1.1.1.1.4 Poor facilities
2.1.1.2 Rapid increase in population
2.1.1.2.1 no organisation
2.1.1.2.1.1 anyone could enter or leave the city no matter how little money they had
2.1.1.2.1.2 no planning
3 The Burgess Model - Urban Zones
3.1 CBD/central business district
3.1.1 first to be built
3.1.2 shops, offices etc.
3.1.3 Lots of people coming and going
3.1.4 central transport stations
3.1.5 very expensive land, no houses
3.1.6 Revitalising the CBD
3.1.6.1 Swindon
3.1.6.1.1 Regent place
3.1.6.1.1.1 a 100,000 sqft department store of debinhams
3.1.6.1.1.2 a 25,000 sqft resturant
3.1.6.1.1.3 2,000 ft food hall
3.1.6.1.1.4 800 parking spaces
3.1.6.1.1.5 100 bed hotel
3.1.6.1.2 wharf green
3.1.6.1.2.1 A giant LED screen located within the towns main shopping centre
3.1.6.1.2.1.1 latest news
3.1.6.1.2.1.2 Arena around the screen can hold 2,000 people
3.1.6.1.2.1.3 First in southern england
3.1.6.2 london docklands
3.1.6.2.1 Improved links
3.1.6.2.1.1 better roads
3.1.6.2.2 New city airport
3.1.6.2.3 85,000 jobs
3.1.6.2.3.1 mainly for higher educated people
3.1.6.2.4 high density housing
3.1.6.2.5 20,000 new homes and flats
3.1.6.2.5.1 converted warehouses into luxury homes
3.1.6.2.5.1.1 mainly for higher educated more rich people
3.1.6.2.6 TREE'S!!
3.1.6.2.6.1 17 conservation areas
3.1.6.2.7 sports centre
3.1.6.2.7.1 water sports
3.1.6.2.8 no community input
3.1.6.3 Hulme city challenge initiative
3.1.6.3.1 homes for change
3.1.6.3.1.1 replaced the crescents
3.1.6.3.1.2 local people took part in the development
3.1.6.3.1.3 building materials requier minimal maintenance, long lasting and eco friendly
3.1.6.3.2 zion arts centre
3.1.6.3.2.1 occupies former church
3.1.6.3.2.2 dance and music facilities with rehearsal rooms
3.1.6.3.3 Hulme park
3.1.6.3.3.1 first large scale park in manchester
3.1.6.3.3.2 £3 million
3.1.6.3.3.3 play areas, sports area, public square
3.1.6.3.4 Hulme arch bridge
3.1.6.3.4.1 symbol of Hulmes redevelopment
3.1.6.3.4.2 all traffic going in and out of hulme will see the bridge
3.1.6.3.5 New Mancunian Way Footbridge
3.1.6.3.5.1 links hulme to manchester
3.1.6.3.5.2 A competition held to design the bridge by the public
3.1.6.3.5.3 goes from hulme park to city centre
3.2 Inner City
3.2.1 lots of factories and industry
3.2.2 lots of terrace housing, small buildings
3.2.3 narrow streets
3.2.4 Problems of housing in the inner city
3.2.4.1 number of houses in england is expected to increase by 4 million by 2026
3.2.4.2 High amounts of crime
3.2.4.3 small roads can cope with increase in cars
3.2.4.4 Poor people- cheaper housing
3.2.4.5 poor facilities
3.2.4.6 single adult housing/ one person in a house
3.2.4.7 increase in population cant keep up with demmand for housing
3.2.4.8 un employment
3.2.4.9 derelict houses/ abandoned
3.2.4.10 large amount of migrants
3.2.4.11 Green field sites
3.2.4.11.1 country side area that has not yet been built on and includes the green belt land around cities
3.2.4.11.2 cheaper to build on
3.2.4.11.3 not agreed with by allot of environmentalists as it would encourage urban sprawl
3.2.4.11.4 country side ruined
3.2.4.11.5 traffic congestion as people travel from urban areas to the countryside
3.2.4.12 Brown field sites
3.2.4.12.1 Derelict run down industrial sites
3.2.4.12.1.1 over time the area becomes covered in plant life and becomes home to lots of different species of plants and animals
3.2.4.12.2 can convert existing buildings into multiple small houses saving time, money and space
3.2.4.12.3 already developed area meaning no need to build roads shops ect.
3.2.4.12.4 can cost allot to remove the over growth and decontaminate the area
3.2.4.13 Traffic problems in the inner city
3.2.4.13.1 pollution
3.2.4.13.1.1 alternative fules
3.2.4.13.1.2 solar power
3.2.4.13.1.3 chip fat
3.2.4.13.2 More people, more cars
3.2.4.13.3 emergency services strugel to get to there destinations
3.2.4.13.4 crashes
3.2.4.13.5 conjestion
3.2.4.13.6 City of Bath park and ride
3.2.4.13.6.1 4 park and ride sites
3.2.4.13.6.2 cheap
3.2.4.13.6.2.1 £3 on week days
3.2.4.13.6.2.2 £2.50 on saturdays
3.2.4.13.6.3 run every 15 minutes
3.2.4.13.6.4 low floors for weelchair access
3.2.4.13.6.5 quick and modern
3.2.4.13.6.6 low emition busses
3.2.4.13.6.7 reduces cars on the road
3.2.4.13.6.8 protects uniqe heritage
3.2.4.13.7 City of london sustainablility in practice
3.2.4.13.7.1 congestion charges in place by 2003
3.2.4.13.7.1.1 £8 a day from monday to friday
3.2.4.13.7.1.2 traffic levels drop by 21%
3.2.4.13.7.1.3 65,000 less car journys
3.2.4.13.7.1.4 29,000 more bus riders
3.2.4.13.7.2 underground development
3.2.4.13.7.3 trains will do a complete loop of london
3.2.4.13.7.4 no bendy buses
3.2.4.13.7.5 extended bus lanes
3.2.4.13.7.6 No more oister cards
3.2.4.14 Recial segregation
3.2.4.14.1 people with same cultures and beliefs but in different ethnic groups
3.2.4.14.1.1 Reasons
3.2.4.14.1.1.1 Employment factors
3.2.4.14.1.1.1.1 low paid jobs
3.2.4.14.1.1.1.1.1 cheaper houses in the inner city
3.2.4.14.1.1.2 Specialist facilities
3.2.4.14.1.1.2.1 places of worship located in inner city
3.2.4.14.1.1.2.2 cultural food in local shops
3.2.4.14.1.1.3 schooling
3.2.4.14.1.1.3.1 faith schools cater solely for the immigrants
3.2.4.14.1.1.4 support from others
3.2.4.14.1.1.4.1 they feel safer when associated with people from same background
3.2.4.14.1.1.4.1.1 protected from racial abuse
3.2.4.14.1.1.5 familiar cultures
3.2.4.14.1.1.5.1 feel more comfortable with people with same ideas and beliefs
3.2.4.14.1.1.5.1.1 same language/ no difficulties
3.2.4.14.1.1.6 safety in numbers
3.2.4.14.1.1.6.1 more of a say when they speak as a group
3.2.4.14.1.1.7 Transport
3.2.4.14.1.1.7.1 in the inner city there are good transport links meaning cheap transport in and out of town
3.2.4.14.2 Racial Intergration
3.2.4.14.2.1 Mixed race schools
3.2.4.14.2.2 mixed ethnic groups
3.2.4.14.2.3 more community focused police
3.2.4.14.2.4 Mixed race work force
3.3 Inner suburbs
3.3.1 semi detached housing
3.3.2 larger houses
3.3.3 small busnissess
3.3.4 wider streets for cars
3.4 Outer Suberbs
3.4.1 larger more expensive houses
3.4.2 parks and open space
3.4.3 Bigger busnissess because of cheaper land
3.4.4 People who live here often have to travel to work
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