Rewards/ Needs Satisfaction Theory

Balinder
Mind Map by Balinder, updated more than 1 year ago
Balinder
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Byrne and Clore
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Rewards/ Needs Satisfaction Theory
1 AO1
1.1 Behavioural approach
1.2 Attracted to people who can satisfy out unmet needs
1.3 Operant conditioning
1.3.1 Rewards produce positive feelings. Learn to find the person attractive through reinforcement of the reward.
1.3.2 Repeat any behaviour that leads to a desirable outcome. So we spend more time with that person
1.4 Classical conditioning
1.4.1 Associate individual with pleasant event. Person creates positive feelings. Seek their company more often
1.5 Balance between positive + negative feelings are important. Positive feelings must outweigh the negative for a relationship to form
1.6 Mutual attraction occurs when both individuals needs are met
2 AO2
2.1 Griffit + Guay
2.1.1 Support the reward part of RSN theory
2.1.2 Found that participants who were positively evaluated (rewarded) rated the experimenter high on how much they liked them.
2.1.3 Shows that rewards are important in determining relationship formation
2.1.4 However it is a laboratory study so lacks mundane realism + cannot be generalised or applied to real life
2.2 Sheldon et al.
2.2.1 Supports the need satisfaction part of RNS theory
2.2.2 Relationally 'connected' people used Facebook because their sociability motivated them
2.2.3 Relationally 'disconnected' people used Facebook as a coping strategy
2.2.4 Shows that humans are social beings + need companionship. Fulfilling our needs is important in forming a relationship
2.2.5 Contemporary study + links to dating websites (uniform dating). Findings can be applied to real life.
2.3 Aron et al.
2.3.1 Supporting physiological evidence for an evolutionary adaption in forming relationships
2.3.2 Found those measured high on a self-report questionnaire of romantic love showed strong activity in the ventral tegmental (rewards part of the brain)
2.3.3 Suggests that the brain reward system associated with romantic love evolved to drive our ancestors courtship energy on specific individuals as this speeds up the mating process.
2.3.4 Shows that rewards are necessary when forming relationships and is an evolutionary adaption to help pass on genes.
2.4 Lott
2.4.1 Criticises RNS theory as it cannot explain cultural + gender differences in relationship formation
2.4.2 Found that in many cultures women are more focused on the needs of others rather then receiving reinforcement
2.4.3 RNS theory does not take into account these differences
2.4.4 Suggests that RNS theory is gender + culturally biased + ethnocentric so it is not a universal explantation
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