Cognitive Explanation To Abnormality

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A Levels Psychology (Unit 2 - Abnormality) Mind Map on Cognitive Explanation To Abnormality, created by danny-hudson97 on 04/09/2014.
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Cognitive Explanation To Abnormality
1 1) Assumptions
1.1 Psychological disorders are caused by faulty or irrational thoughts or perceptions.
1.1.1 A person can overcome their disorder by replacing their ‘faulty’ thoughts with more realistic ones.
1.2 Therapists are useful in helping patients to replace their faulty thoughts.
2 2) Explanation
2.1 Faulty thoughts or perceptions are the basis of psychological disorder. The cognitive psychologist would explain depression in terms of an overly pessimistic outlook on life.
2.2 Becks (1967)
2.2.1 Describes the ‘cognitive triad’ in which a depressed patient has a negative view of themselves, the world and the future.
2.3 Ellis ABC Model
2.3.1 A
2.3.1.1 Activating agent (for example a spider)
2.3.2 B
2.3.2.1 Belief: (can be rational) Spider is harmless (or irrational) spider is a threat
2.3.3 C
2.3.3.1 Consequence (which can be healthy) ignore spider (or unhealthy) anxiety
2.3.4 Successes
2.3.4.1 Most successful in explaining and treating anxiety disorders such as phobias and stress due to irrational thinking and in explaining and treating depression because of the negative thinking.
2.3.5 Anxiety
2.3.5.1 Newmark et al (1973)
2.3.5.1.1 Found that patients suffering clinical anxiety were far more likely to suffer from negative self image.
3 The triad, biases and schemas
4 Evaluation
4.1 Lewinsohn et al (2003)
4.1.1 Followed a group of teenagers who had developed a negative pattern of thinking. A year later they were far more likely than a control group to have developed major depression. This would seem to suggest that the negative thinking is causing the depression as the cognitive model suggests.
4.2 Genetic factors are not considered even though we know there appears to be a genetic component to most psychological disorders most prominent with bipolar (or manic) depression.

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