1.1 1) Born in 1889 - Braunau -
Austria. Left school with no
1.2 2) Determined to be an artist. Hopes dashed in
1907 when he failed entrance exam to the Vienna
Academy of Fine Arts. In Vienna - developed his
first hatred for the Jews as well as his belief in
nationalism. Later moved to Munich.
1.3 3) When WW1 brike out, he
enthusiastically volunteered to serve
in German Army. A good soldier, won
medals for bravery.
1.4 4) 1918 - badly gassed.In
hospital when Armistice was
signed in Nov 1918.
Germany's defeat in 1918 left
him v.bitter and needed a
scapegoat - blamed new
republic for defeat
1.5 5)Sept 1919 he joined the
German Workers' Party
2 THE NAZI PARTY 1920-23
2.1 The party changed in these years.
2.1.1 1) Feb 1920:Party's
new name: the National
(NSDAP) or Nazis.
2.1.2 2) Hilter showed a real
talent for public speaking -
attracted an increasing
number of followers to the
Party. By 1921 he was
2.1.3 3) Hitler designed the Nazi
Flag with swastika symbol
2.1.4 4) 1921Hitler set up the Sturm
Abteiling (SA) /Stormtroopers.
SA would distrupt mtgs of Hitler's
opponents, esp. communistsand
beat up oppositions supporters
2.1.5 5) Nazi Party drew a 'twenty-five
point programme'. Included a
promise to destroy Treaty of
Versailles, communism and
anti-Semitism and to give Germans
a scapegoat for the defeat.
3 MUNICH PUTSCH 1923
3.1.1 Weimar Republic v.unpopular due to
terrible effects of hyperinflation. Italian
Leader, Benito Mussolini, had
successfully marched on Rome the
previous yr and taken over Italian gov't.
3.2.1 8th Nov 1923 - Hitler & SA took over a Beer Hall in
Munich. Following day Hilter & his followers marched on
the centre of Munich and a gun battle started between
them & police. Hitler fled the battle but later arrested for
his part in the uprising.
3.3.1 Feb 1924 Hilter turned his trial into a
propaganda success, using it to attack
W.Republic whom he accused of treason.
3.3.2 Trial provided Hitler with nationwide
3.3.3 He only served 6 mths of his 5 yr sentence. Spent most
of his time dictating his autobiography Mein Kampf, to
Rudolf Hess, a leading Nazi
3.3.4 He also decided that in future he
would try to seize power by legal
4 NAZI PARTY 1924-29
4.1 Hitler reorganised the party to
make it more efficient and prepared,
even at street level, to fight future
4.2 Joseph Goebbels organised
propaganda. He skilfully used poster,
Nazi Newspapers and mtgs to put
across the Nazi ideals,