Yiri - Koko

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago


Created by izzykersley01 over 5 years ago
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Yiri - Koko
1 West African Music
1.1 Oral tradition
1.2 Features:
1.2.1 Repetition (ostinatos)
1.2.2 Improvisation
1.2.3 Call and response
1.2.4 Layered textures
1.3 Burkina Faso
2 'Yiri'
2.1 Means 'wood'
2.1.1 Refers to the material that all the instruments are made of
2.2 Performed from memory
2.2.1 Score is made later - transcription
3 Instrumentation
3.1 Balafon - like a xylophone, wooden bars tuned to different pitches, gourds hang beneath
3.2 Djembe - drum played with hands
3.3 Talking drum - played with a hooked stick, imitates speech
3.4 Soloist and chorus
4 Structure
4.1 Three sections:
4.1.1 Introduction Short balafon solo Tremolo used
4.1.2 Main section Drums play an ostinato Strong, clear pulse Alternates between balafon solos and choruses Includes vocal solo - call and response used
4.1.3 Coda Short balafon phrase is played 5 times in slightly varied versions Drum ostinato is interrupted by rests Ends with a bell
5 Melody, Harmony and Tonality
5.1 G flat major
5.2 Hexatonic
5.3 Balafons mostly play short patterns, which often fall from high to low
5.3.1 Balafon solo breaks between choruses - more virtuosic
5.4 The notes G flat and D flat are often emphasized
5.4.1 This is recognised in the choruses too - they sing in unison
6 Rhythm, Metre and Tempo
6.1 Main metre is 4/4
6.2 Introduction is free tempo, but the rest of the piece is at a steady pulse
6.3 Frequent syncopation
6.4 Cross rhythms
6.5 Vocal soloist uses triplets
6.6 Drums play a rhythmic ostinato throughout the piece. It consists of a quaver and two semi-quavers played repeatedly
6.6.1 Djembe occasionally fills on top
7 Texture and Dynamics
7.1 Mostly layered textures
7.2 Monophonic balafon solo - introduction
7.3 Some heterophonic textures, created when balafons play different versions of the same tune at the same time
7.4 Little dynamic variation

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