The History of English Language

leahpullin
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on The History of English Language, created by leahpullin on 04/16/2014.

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leahpullin
Created by leahpullin over 5 years ago
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The History of English Language
1 Old English 450-1150
1.1 Anglo-Saxon - language from Germanic and Denmark invaders who settled in Britain
1.2 Not much grammar used
1.3 Before language used was latin because of relgion
1.4 Latin was still considered the formal language and legal institutions still used it
1.5 More verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns
1.6 Gender specific grammar in nouns and adjectives
2 Changes in language after 1066
2.1 Normans attempted to conquer British
2.1.1 Vikings got defeated - normans settled with OLD NORSE language
2.1.1.1 Simplified grammar and new words were introduced
2.1.1.2 West Saxon dominated the writing form of language
3 Middle English 1150-1500
3.1 Plural 's' standarised Norman, French and German words
3.2 Grammar of language change - relied less on inflectional endings and more on word order
3.3 Grammatical gender was removed
3.4 Range of nouns was reduced
3.5 Vocabulary changed due to more words from other countries
4 Early Modern English 1500-1700
4.1 Henry 8th
4.1.1 Religious and Political views started to grow
4.2 Scientific technology started to grow
4.3 Accents Welsh and Scottish Appeared
4.4 Social classes had different dialects because of literate levels between high and low formalities
5 Great Vowel Shift 1300-1750
5.1 Pronounciation of language
5.1.1 Value of long vowel sounds
5.1.1.1 IPA
5.2 Different Accents
6 Caxton's Printing Press 1476
6.1 First printing press in England
6.2 Printed over 100 books in his lifetime
6.2.1 Many were translated into other languages
6.3 First standardisation of English
6.4 Invention of the alphabet
6.4.1 Books were available more easily
6.5 More people were literate
7 Geoffrey Chaucer 1389
7.1 Canterbury Tales - 24 uncompleted stories
7.2 One of the first writers to write in English
8 Shakespeare 1585
8.1 Performing and using new words - writing the lexis down in the plays
8.2 Many words and phrases are still used now which he invented
8.2.1 Colourful and expressive words and phrases
8.3 Deep Emotion and analysing ability in few words
9 King James' Bible 1611
9.1 Authorised version of the English version of the Christian Bible for Church of England
9.2 Replaced the Great Bible translated by WILLIAM TYNDALE
10 Johnson's Dictionary 1755
10.1 first published dictionary
10.2 40,000 words
10.2.1 Defined in detail, illustrated with quotations
11 Prescriptive
11.1 Grammar rules trying to keep word structure
11.2 Politically correct words
12 First grammar books
12.1 For schools and academies - changes to the English language with Latin American
13 Modern English 1700-1900
13.1 The Language change after the great vowel shift
14 Industrial Revolution
14.1 Technical machines - wider lexis
14.1.1 Fashion, technology, food, leisure, medicine, chemistry and psychology
15 American English 1600's
15.1 Colonialisation of N.America created distinct American variety of English
15.1.1 'Americanisms' - Old British expressions
15.2 Still big influence now - entertainment and trade
15.3 Spanish and french had an impact through surrounding settlements
16 Oxford English Dictionary 1857
16.1 Re-examined Anglo-saxon dictionary
16.2 Took 50 years with 10 different volumes
16.2.1 1992 made the dictionary electronic constantly updating
17 National Curriculum 1988
17.1 Standardised education - same language used throughout
17.1.1 Then language passed through generations
18 Global English
18.1 Words and phrases known worldwide
18.1.1 'Okay'
18.1.2 375 million speak english as first lang, and same for 2nd language
19 21st Century Technological Changes
19.1 More expensive lifestyles
19.2 Technological advancements
19.2.1 Removing more manual labour
19.2.2 Lexis used for a specific item and words surrounding it known world wide
19.2.2.1 Brand names E.g. Hoover

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