Psychology 7.3

Keely Lyons
Mind Map by Keely Lyons, updated more than 1 year ago
Keely Lyons
Created by Keely Lyons about 4 years ago
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Psychology 7.3: Intelligence

Resource summary

Psychology 7.3
  1. Intelligence

    Annotations:

    • {The capacity to think and reason clearly and to act purposely and effectively in adapting to the environment and pursuing one's goals} pg.261 *David Wechler (1975)
    1. Mental Age

      Annotations:

      • {A representation of a person's intelligence based on the age of people who are capable of performing at the same level of ability} pg. 261 *Developed by Binet and Simon (1908) 
      1. Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

        Annotations:

        • {A measure of intelligence based on performance on tests, mental abilities, expressed as a ratio between one's mental age and chroological age 
        1. Norms

          Annotations:

          • {The standards used to compare an individual's performance on a test with the performance of others} pg. 262
          1. Standardization

            Annotations:

            • {The process of establishing norms for a test by administering the test to numbers of people who constitute a standardization sample}
            1. Reliability

              Annotations:

              • {The stability of test scores over time}
              1. Validity

                Annotations:

                • {The degree to which a test measures what it purports to measure} pg. 264 *Predictive Validity: The degree in which test scores accurately predict future behavior or performance.
                1. Culture-fair Tests

                  Annotations:

                  • {Tests designed to eliminate cultural biases}
              2. Dyslexia

                Annotations:

                • {A learning disorder characterized by impaired ability to read}
                1. Intellectual Disability

                  Annotations:

                  • {A generalized deficit or impairment in intellectual and social skills}
                  1. Mainstreaming

                    Annotations:

                    • {The practice of placing children with special needs in a regular classroom environment}
                    1. Primary Mental Abilities

                      Annotations:

                      • {Seven basic mental abilities that Thurstone believed constitute intelligence} *Verbal comprehension *Numerical ability *Memory *Inductive reasoning *Perceptual speed *Verbal fluency *Spatial relations
                      1. Multiple Intelligences

                        Annotations:

                        • {Gardner's term for the distinct types of intelligence that characterize different forms of intelligent behavior} *Liguistic *Logical-Mathematical *Musical *Spatial  *Bodily-kinesthetic *Interpersonal *Intrapersonal *Naturalist
                      2. Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

                        Annotations:

                        • {Sternburg's theory of intelligence that posits three aspects of intelligence: analytic, creative, and practical} pg.268
                        1. Heritability
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