Family Patterns

Mind Map by mayjessica507, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by mayjessica507 almost 7 years ago


Sociology - family Mind Map on Family Patterns, created by mayjessica507 on 05/08/2013.

Resource summary

Family Patterns
1 Divorce
1.1 Trends
1.1.1 Since the 1960's divorce has increases peaking in 1993 at 18,000
1.1.2 Fallen to 10.5 per thousand married couple -2009
1.1.3 7/10 petitions for divorce come from women
1.1.4 Those who are more likely to divorce those who marry young those who have a child before marriage those who cohabit
1.2 Reasons for trends
1.2.1 Decline in stigma Socially acceptable
1.2.2 Secularisation less people are religious
1.2.3 Rising expectations of marriage
1.2.4 Changes in position of women
1.2.5 Changes in the law Legal aid Equalised grounds for divorce
1.3 Alternatives
1.3.1 Desertion One partner leaves Stay married
1.3.2 Legal separation financial and legal affairs of a couple are separated remain married
1.3.3 Empty Shell marriage A couple live together but don't love each other
1.4 Perspectives
1.4.1 New Right Divorce is bad Cause single mothers to depend on benefits
1.4.2 Feminists divorce is good Shows women escaping patriarchy
1.4.3 Functionalists Divorce doesnt threaten marriage
1.4.4 Interactionalists impossible to genrealise people have different experiences
2 Parents and children
2.1 Reconstituted
2.1.1 Make up 10% of dependent familes with children
2.1.2 Children usually come from the woman's previous relationship
2.1.3 Ferri + Smith more likely to live in poverty more children are supported Stepfather may be paying to support their ex's children as well as the children in his new family
2.1.4 Allan + Crowe say reconstituted families face problems like divided loyalty no clear norms and values contact with non-resident paretns
2.2 Childbearing
2.2.1 Trends More births outside of marriage 4/10 less stigma attached to pre-marital sex potential of cohabitation more cohabitation most children born to cohabiting couples
2.2.2 Reasons Women having children later or not having any or having less children focusing on careers first
2.3 Lone parent families
2.3.1 Biggest group women who haven't married More pre-marital sex
2.3.2 New Right argue increased due to availability of benefits which are too generous Criticised as many lone parents live in poverty
3 Partnerships
3.1 Marriage
3.1.1 Trends Less people are marrying overall Decline in 1st marriages 426,000 in 1940 146,200 in 2006 More remarriages 57,000 in 1961 98,580 in 2005 People are marrying later Less church weddings Reasons Less pressure to marry fear of divorce change in women's positions less stigma secularisation increase in divorce creates serial monogomy more people cohabiting focusing on careers Secularisation
3.2 Cohabitation
3.2.1 More people cohabiting 2 million couples Less stigma secularisation more acceptable among young change in position of women
3.2.2 Chester argues it's a trial run before marriage
3.2.3 Bejin argues it is just an alternative to marriage
3.3 Same sex relationships
3.3.1 Roughly 5-7% of the population
3.3.2 Laws give gays more rights
3.3.3 Weston argues gay couples want normal relationship norms
3.3.4 Cheal argues that some people prefer to be different
3.4 One person households
3.4.1 Increased due to divorce and separation Marrying later
3.4.2 50% occupied by pensioners
3.4.3 Creative Singlehood
3.4.4 LAT
4 Ethnic Differences
4.1 Black families
4.1.1 higher proportion of lone parent families Slavery- couples sold separately
4.1.2 high unemployment causes desertion marital breakdown
4.2 Asian families
4.2.1 most are nuclear
4.2.2 higher proportion of extended families than any other ethnic groups
4.2.3 more asian's in childbearing age 15-44 than any other ethnicity
5 Extended family today
5.1 Types
5.1.1 Vertically extended 3 or more generations
5.1.2 horizontally extended Nuclear family + extended family
5.1.3 Classical extended Live with/near extended family
5.1.4 Modified live apart but stay in touch
5.2 Parsons
5.2.1 classical extended family was dominant in pre-industrial scoiety disappeared in modern society replaced by nuclear family
5.3 Studies
5.3.1 Charles' Swansea found the classical extended was extinct apart from in Bangladeshi communitites Bell both MC+WC fams stayed in touch with kin and relied on them for support MC Support was mainly financial father to son WC Support was more domestic mother to daughter
5.3.2 Wilmott CEF is extinct replaced by MEF
5.3.3 Carribean fams. dispersed still supportive
5.3.4 More expectations on women to help fam members most peoplse still feel obligations to their extended fam. 90% of the families studied had given/received financial help from relatives
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