1.1 It began in 1933, when
Adolf Hitler came to
power in Germany
1.2 It finally ended ended on May 8,
1945 (VE Day).
2 The Victims
2.1 Between 1933 and 1945,
more than 11 million men,
women, and children were
murdered in the Holocaust.
Approximately six million of
these were Jews
2.2 Over 1.1 million children died
during the Holocaust
2.3 Young children were particularly
targeted by the Nazis to be murdered
during the Holocaust. This was
because if they lived, they would
grow up to parent a new generation
of Jews. Many children suffocated in
the crowded cattle cars on the way to
the camps, and those who survived
were then taken to the gas chambers
3 What was it like?
3.1 The victims of the Holocaust
were taken to concentration
camps in 'cattle wagons'.
These were dirty, unhygienic
carriages with no water, food,
toilets or ventilation.
3.2 The longest transport of the war took
18 days. When the transport doors
were open, everyone was already
4 The 'Final Solution'
4.1 The “Final Solution” was constructed during the Wannsee
Conference in January 1942. Fourteen high-ranking Nazis met
in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, and presented a program to
deport all Jews to Poland where the SS would kill them
4.2 It consisted of locking a large number of innocent men,
women and children into a confined room and filliong the
room with toxic gas. Firstly, carbon monoxide was used but
afterwards an insecticide, Zyklon B, was used to kill inmates