Social constructionism

selinaward
Mind Map by selinaward, updated more than 1 year ago
selinaward
Created by selinaward almost 8 years ago
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K218 Working with children, young people and families Mind Map on Social constructionism, created by selinaward on 08/05/2013.

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Social constructionism
1  The social constructionism approach argues that knowledge is socially produced through discourse. Meaning not just the words that we use in the interactions that we have, but also the social practices that construct the world around
1.1 Concepts such as 'race', gender and childhood can all be seen as socially constructed through language and social processes; consequently they can be reproduced, challenged and/or changed.
1.1.1  Social construcionism theories allow us to see the world as a complex interaction between many layers of the environment and individual children and young people
1.1.1.1  Knowledge is produced through discourse where the activities of many different people taken into account such as, children, young people, families and practitioners. The wider socio-cultural discourses found in everyday media and policy agendas are all implicated in the co-construction of knowledge
1.1.1.1.1  Discourse varies across time and space so ideas about childhood and youth children and young people cannot be seen to be fixed but subject to change
2 Social constructionism and social ecological theory allow us to see the world as a complex interaction between many layers of the environment and individual children and young people. So ideas about childhood and youth, children and young people can be seen not to be fixed but subject to change. Equally importantly, a social constructionist perspective uncovers ways in which individuals and groups draw upon constructed social realities.
2.1 What colour does ‘natural’ or ‘skin tone’ refer to when applied to objects such as sticking plasters or hosiery? The question that can be asked is, ‘Whose skin tone is represented here as natural?’. This illustrates that the words we use are part of the way in which we construct the world in terms of social categories such as skin colour. It is not just the words that we speak that create a particular view of the world – the words themselves are part of social practices that position people in society based in categories such as gender and ethnicity.
3 A key issue for us when thinking about children and young people is that there are many ways in which a child or young person can be understood. Children and young people can be seen as a source of anxiety and fear or could be viewed as at risk and in need of protection, and sometimes both, simultaneously.
3.1 Construction of children and young people as dangerous and out of control is very much in evident in the British media, the construction of children and young people as being in need of help and protection is also very powerfully present.
3.1.1 This construction of children is a powerful one, as many of us feel very strongly when we see images of children and young people in positions of vulnerability
3.1.1.1 Ideas about children, young people and parents have changed through time as a result of many factors such as legislation and policy, prevailing societal values and societal expectations of men and women, children and adults. All these issues affect the environment in which work with children and young people takes place.
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