Mind Map by lb1404315130, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by lb1404315130 about 6 years ago


Mind Map on Intelligence, created by lb1404315130 on 04/25/2014.

Resource summary

1 Nurture
2 Nature
2.1 Family Resemblance Studies
2.1.1 Close Genetic Make up=Close IQ
2.1.2 Twins raised in different environments eliminates nurture debate adoption
2.1.3 Bouchard & McGue (1981) Review of 111 worldwide studies Mono Twins reared together= 0.86 Mono Twins reared apart= 0.72 More than Di twins reared together suggests genetic influences Di Twins reared together= 0.60 Sibling reared together= 0.47 Siblings reared apart= 0.24 Cousins=0.15 Average Correlations of IQ
2.1.4 Bouchard & McGue (1990) Minnesota Twin Study 70% of IQ scores= Genetic Inheritance
2.2 Methodological Criticisms
2.2.1 Kamin (1977)
2.2.2 Difficult to control environmental influences Adoption Different environment not guaranteed Similar family environments Infants not separated from birth Same womb experience
2.2.3 Self-selecting sampling techniques Exaggeration of similarities
2.2.4 Different IQ tests Can't compare results
2.3 Experimenter Bias
2.3.1 Validity Cyril Burt...Rejected
2.3.2 Overly genetic interpretation of data
2.3.3 Neglect environmental influences
2.4 Selective Breeding
2.4.1 Thompson (1952) "Maze-bright" rats 6th generation= 80% fewer mistakes "Maze-dull" rats
2.4.2 Henderson (1970) Enriched environmental conditions rats won't always improve Some rats improved, suggests interaction between genetic abilities and environmental experience obstacles to find food
2.4.3 Cannot selectively breed humans Problems generalising results to humans
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