Godden and Baddley- Divers Evaluation

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A-level- Edexcel Psychology

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jess.courtney13
Created by jess.courtney13 over 5 years ago
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Godden and Baddley- Divers Evaluation
1 GENERALISABILITY
1.1 LOW GENERALISABILITY
1.1.1 Small Sample= 18 Divers on a diving holiday
1.1.2 Unrepresentative= All from the same diving club
2 RELIABILITY
2.1 Study's conclusions reinforced by findings of others
2.1.1 Smith (1985)
2.1.1.1 Words learnt listening to Mozart/Jazz/Silence were recalled best when background music at recall matched learning
2.2 Lack of control over extraneous variables in procedure;
2.2.1 Equipment failure, inconsistent diving location, lack of standardisation and timing, fitness, and weather conditions
2.2.2 However, they tried to standardise as much as possible;
2.2.2.1 How they gave the words, cold and wet at end of day, all in diving gear
2.3 Participants could have cheated
2.3.1 Researchers did not observe them through learning and writing stage
2.3.1.1 But unlikely as results seemed realistic- there was correlation
3 APPLICATION
3.1 EYE WITNESS TESTIMONY POLICE
3.1.1 Take witnesses back to the crime scene of the event
3.1.2 Or recreate the event to cue memories
3.2 EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
3.2.1 Reinstating the learning context for examinations
3.2.1.1 i.e. Learn in hall, sit exam in hall
4 VALIDITY
4.1 HIGH VALIDITY
4.1.1 Realistic open water environment for divers
4.2 LOW VALIDITY
4.2.1 Learning words is artificial
4.2.2 Not a realistic reflection of everyday memory
5 ETHICS
5.1 PROTECTION
5.1.1 Divers 20 feet under water, so at risk
5.1.2 However they were experienced divers
5.2 CONSENT
5.2.1 Consent was given by participants

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