How are health priority issues for Australia's health identified?

zainslea
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Mind Map on How are health priority issues for Australia's health identified?, created by zainslea on 04/30/2014.

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zainslea
Created by zainslea over 5 years ago
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How are health priority issues for Australia's health identified?
1 1. Measuring health status
1.1 1.1 Role of Epidemiology
1.1.1 Evidence based understanding of curent health issues
1.1.2 Informed decisions to be made - resource allocation, government funding, action plans for present/future needs
1.1.3 Monitoing health status > emerging trends and issues identified early
1.1.4 Patterns of disease - age, gender, ethnicity, SES
1.1.5 Identifies areas of need > prevention and treatment
1.1.6 Limitations
1.1.6.1 Statistical/objective - collate info but doesn't explain why
1.1.6.2 Can't explain why inequalities exist
1.1.6.3 Can't determine contribution of determinants on influencing rates and trends
1.1.7 Who uses?
1.1.7.1 Gov
1.1.7.2 Academics
1.1.7.3 Health services
1.1.7.4 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries
1.2 1.2 Measures of Epidemiology
1.2.1 Mortality -
1.2.2 Inflant Mortality -
1.2.3 Morbidity +
1.2.4 Life Expectancy +
1.2.5 Why - ?
1.2.5.1 Medical tech
1.2.5.2 Education
1.2.5.3 Healthier lifestyles
1.2.5.4 + QOL
1.2.5.5 Inequities reducing
1.2.5.6 National strategies e.g. sun exposure, smoking, PA, drink driving
2 2. Identifying Priority Health Issues (SPPPCC)
2.1 2.1 SJP
2.1.1 Equity
2.1.2 Diversity
2.1.3 Supportive Environment
2.1.4 Medicare & PBS
2.2 2.2 Priority Population Groups
2.2.1 Inequities
2.2.1.1 Identifying risk groups
2.2.1.1.1 Targete Gov HC funding & HP to reduce prevalnce
2.3 2.3 Prevalence of Condition
2.3.1 Commonness of condition
2.3.1.1 Morbidity stats
2.3.1.2 Hospitalisations
2.3.1.3 Health surveys
2.3.2 Difference for same condition
2.3.2.1 Mortality V morbidity
2.3.3 Gov identifies reasons
2.3.4 AUS burdens
2.3.4.1 cancer
2.3.4.2 CVD
2.3.4.3 mental
2.3.4.4 Injury
2.4 2.4 Potential for Prevention and Early Intervention
2.4.1 Behavioural and environmental modifications
2.4.1.1 Food
2.4.1.2 Exercise
2.4.1.3 Alcohol
2.4.1.4 Smoking
2.4.1.5 Stress
2.4.2 Resources
2.4.2.1 Smoking
2.4.2.2 Hypertension
2.4.2.3 Obesity
2.5 2.5 Costs to the Individual and Community
2.5.1 Individual
2.5.1.1 Direct
2.5.1.1.1 medication/hospital
2.5.1.1.2 Job loss
2.5.1.1.3 Travel
2.5.1.2 Indirect
2.5.1.2.1 Emotional trauma
2.5.1.2.2 Absenteeism
2.5.1.2.3 QOL -
2.5.2 Community Costs
2.5.2.1 Direct
2.5.2.1.1 Hospitals
2.5.2.1.2 Medicare
2.5.2.1.3 pharmaceutical use
2.5.2.2 Indirect
2.5.2.2.1 work productivity -
2.5.2.2.2 absenteeism
2.5.2.2.3 replacing workers

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