1.2 Largest group: Trudoviks (radicals) -
Kadets - The Progressivists (liberal
middle class business men).
1.3 All groups wanted further reform e.g. land/amnesty.
1.4 Dissolved only 72 days later by the Tsar. Only
2 resolutions passed: one against capital
punishment + one in favour of famine relief.
2 The Vyborg Manifesto
2.1 Frustrated by the dissolution, a group of Duma deputies
issued the Manifesto, asking the Russian people to
resist the Tsar's action through non-payment of taxes.
This backfired + 200 deputies who made the manifesto
were banned from standing for the next Duma.
3 The Second Duma
3.1 No. of Kadets halved b/c banned due to Manifesto.
3.2 SRs + SDs gained seats.
3.3 Only lasted 3 months + sharply
criticised the admin of the army +
this angered Tsar + supporters.
3.3.1 Police framed radical members for trying to
encourage mutinies - Tsar given perfect excuse to
dissolve the Duma.
4 The Third and Fourth Dumas
4.1 Franchise restricted to the richest 30% of the male population.
4.1.1 Pro govt parties performed well winning 287/443 seats
4.2 Stolypin used this to push through further land reforms.
5 Successes and Failures
5.1 Land Captains (1892) replaced by
justices of the peace.
5.2 Introduction of a plan to have universal
primary education within 10 yrs.
5.3 Health + accident insurance
programmes for workers.