11.1 Defence Against Infectious Disease

Steve Harton
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

immune system

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Steve Harton
Created by Steve Harton over 5 years ago
Infectious Disease
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11.1 Defence Against Infectious Disease
1 Blood Clotting
1.1 Clotting Factors
1.1.1 Prothrombin to Thrombin
1.1.1.1 Fibrinogen to Fibrin
2 Immunity
2.1 Natural
2.1.1 Active
2.1.2 Passive
2.2 Artificial
2.2.1 Active
2.2.1.1 Vaccination
2.2.1.1.1 Challenge: Pathogen
2.2.1.1.1.1 Specific antibody on B cells bind to pathogen
2.2.1.1.1.1.1 Response
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Clonal selection
2.2.1.1.2 Beneficials
2.2.1.1.3 Dangers
2.2.2 Passive
3 Antibody production
3.1 Pathogen
3.1.1 Macrophages eat pathogen
3.1.1.1 antigen on outer surface of macrophages
3.1.1.1.1 Helper T cells matching receptor bind to macrophage
3.1.1.1.1.1 Memory T cells
3.1.1.1.1.2 Plasma T cells
3.1.1.1.1.2.1 Bind to right B cells
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Plasma B cells
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Antibody production
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.2 Memory B cells
3.2 Antibody versus antigen
3.3 Monoclonal antibodies
3.3.1 Antigens into animals
3.3.1.1 Specific B cells produce antibodies
3.3.1.1.1 B cells fuse with tumour cells: hybridoma
3.3.1.1.1.1 antibody produced and purified
3.3.1.1.1.1.1 HCG
3.3.1.1.1.1.2 Rabies