Mind Map: Mezzogiorno

Steven Morgan
Mind Map by Steven Morgan, updated more than 1 year ago
Steven Morgan
Created by Steven Morgan over 3 years ago
21
1

Description

LC Geog: Mezzogiorno mind map

Resource summary

Mind Map: Mezzogiorno
1 Primary Activities
1.1 Farming
1.1.1 Soils, relief, climate
1.1.1.1 Mts/Hills
1.1.1.1.1 Transhumance
1.1.1.1.1.1 Sheep & goats
1.1.1.1.2 Tree crops
1.1.1.1.2.1 lower slopes
1.1.1.1.2.2 Binds soil
1.1.1.1.2.3 Olive
1.1.1.1.2.3.1 Drought resistant
1.1.1.1.2.3.2 Shallow roots
1.1.1.1.2.3.3 Waxy leaves
1.1.1.1.2.4 Pears
1.1.1.1.2.5 Citrus fruits
1.1.1.1.2.5.1 2/3 from Sicily
1.1.1.2 Coastal plain
1.1.1.2.1 Maize
1.1.1.2.2 Winter wheat
1.1.1.2.3 Grapes
1.1.1.3 too hot for grass
1.1.1.3.1 no dairy
1.1.1.3.1.1 Buffalo
1.1.1.3.1.1.1 Mozzarella
1.1.2 Problems
1.1.2.1 Relief, soils, climate
1.1.2.2 Lack of irrigation
1.1.2.3 Ownership
1.1.2.4 Traditional
1.1.2.5 Drought
1.1.3 The Cassa
1.1.3.1 1950's fund
1.1.3.2 Develop the Mezz
1.1.3.2.1 29,000km of roads
1.1.3.2.2 Metapontino
1.1.3.2.2.1 Drained swamps
1.1.3.2.2.2 Irrigation
1.1.3.3 70% of budget spent on farming
1.1.3.4 Bought 10% of Latifundia
1.1.4 Land ownership
1.1.4.1 Latifundia
1.1.4.1.1 Minifundia 3-6 hectares
1.1.4.1.1.1 Braccianti
1.1.4.1.1.2 Over farmed
1.1.4.1.1.3 Traditional & labor intensive
1.1.4.1.2 Absentee landlords
1.2 50% of farmers here
2 Physical
2.1 Relief
2.1.1 Apeninnes
2.1.1.1 Back bone of Italy
2.1.1.2 85%
2.1.2 15% flat
2.1.2.1 Coastal plains
2.1.2.1.1 Some drained marshes
2.1.3 Fault lines
2.1.3.1 Mt Vesuvius
2.1.3.2 Mt Etna
2.2 Drainage
2.2.1 Few rivers
2.2.1.1 Climate
2.2.1.1.1 Evaporation
2.2.1.1.2 Little rainfall
2.2.1.2 Limestone
2.2.1.2.1 Swallow holes
2.2.1.3 Low volume
2.2.1.4 R.Bradano
2.3 Climate
2.3.1 Summer
2.3.1.1 N.E. Wind
2.3.1.1.1 Dry
2.3.1.1.2 High pressure
2.3.1.2 Avg 26 degrees
2.3.2 Winter
2.3.2.1 Mild
2.3.2.1.1 Avg 9 degrees
2.3.2.2 Low pressure
2.3.2.3 Sirocco winds
2.3.2.3.1 Burns crops
2.3.3 Mediteraneann
2.3.4 Rainfall
2.3.4.1 500mm - 900mm
2.3.4.2 Frontal
2.3.4.3 Convectional in summer
2.3.4.4 East in rain shadow
2.4 Soil
2.4.1 Thin in mountains
2.4.1.1 Leached
2.4.2 Alluvium on floodplains
2.4.3 Terra Rossa
2.4.3.1 Red
2.4.3.2 High Iron
2.4.3.3 Fertile but needs water
2.4.4 Limestone bedrock
2.4.4.1 Apulia has Granite bedrock
2.4.5 Volcanic soil
3 Secondary
3.1 Lack of access
3.1.1 Far from markets
3.1.1.1 Local market small & poor
3.1.2 1,100km from Calabria to Rome
3.1.3 Not attractive to MNC's
3.1.4 Roads narrow & winding
3.1.4.1 Relief impacts rail
3.1.4.2 Tunnels expensive
3.1.5 Political isolation
3.2 Raw materials
3.2.1 Lacks natural resources
3.2.2 Lacks power
3.2.2.1 No HEP
3.2.2.2 Gas from Algeria
3.2.3 Vitamins, Olive oil, canned fruit, pasta
3.3 Unskilled workforce
3.3.1 Few cities
3.3.2 Older population
3.3.3 7 times less likely to got to college
3.3.4 Brain drain
3.4 The Cassa
3.4.1 Ind triangle; Bari, Brindisi & Tranto
3.4.2 Vanoni plan
3.4.2.1 Private Ind
3.4.2.1.1 Tax breaks
3.4.2.1.2 Ind Estates
3.4.2.1.3 Improve access
3.4.2.1.4 Fiat & Alpha Romeo
3.4.3 State companies invest 60%
3.4.3.1 Steel & petrochemicals
3.4.3.1.1 But cost more monet than made jobs
3.4.3.1.1.1 Switch to traditional Ind
3.4.3.1.1.2 1.4 million in manufactuing
4 Tertiary
4.1 Transport
4.1.1 Autostrada del sole
4.1.2 Por of Gio Tauro
4.1.2.1 Containers
4.1.2.2 9th in Europe
4.1.2.3 Cruises
4.1.3 2x times as many airports in north than south
4.1.3.1 New airport in Calabria
4.1.4 Cassa spent 2.5 billion
4.1.5 Ferries to islands
4.2 Attractions
4.2.1 Climate
4.2.1.1 Skiing in Mts
4.2.2 Landscape
4.2.2.1 Volcanoes
4.2.2.2 Amalfi coast
4.2.2.2.1 Sorrento
4.2.2.3 Islands
4.2.2.3.1 Sicily
4.2.2.3.2 Capri
4.2.3 Naples
4.2.3.1 Pompeii
4.2.3.2 Musuems
4.2.3.3 Opera
4.2.3.4 Home of the pizza
4.3 17 million a year
4.3.1 11 million domestic
4.3.1.1 Seasonal
4.4 76% work in this sector
4.4.1 seasonal
5 Human
5.1 21 million pop
5.1.1 Uneven
5.2 Stage 5
5.2.1 Ageing
5.2.2 140 per sq km
5.2.3 low as 50 per sq km
5.2.4 Naples; 400 per sq km
5.2.4.1 3 mill in Naples
5.2.4.1.1 In migration
5.2.4.1.1.1 Poverty
5.2.4.1.1.2 Greek, N. African & Italian
5.2.4.1.1.2.1 Mixed culture & dialects
5.2.4.1.1.3 Med crises
5.2.4.1.1.4 2% foreigners
5.2.4.1.1.5 Many Albanians
5.2.4.1.2 Life expectancy improved
5.2.4.1.2.1 82
5.2.4.1.2.2
5.3 Birth rates are high
5.3.1 Family size is small
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