Case Study 4- Rural to Urban Migration (Caatinga to Sao Paulo)


GCSE Geography Mind Map on Case Study 4- Rural to Urban Migration (Caatinga to Sao Paulo), created by dianakilic on 05/12/2014.
Mind Map by dianakilic, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by dianakilic over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Case Study 4- Rural to Urban Migration (Caatinga to Sao Paulo)
  1. Where?
    1. From Caatinga in Northeast Brazil to Sao Paulo
      1. Up to 25,000 people have migrated
    2. Why?
      1. Push Factors:
        1. Low unreliable rainfall
          1. Difficult for farmers to produce enough food to sustain their subsistence way of life
            1. No piped water, electricity or sanitation
              1. Lck of schools and clinics in the area
              2. Pull Factors:
                1. Jobs in the cities like Sao Paulo
                  1. Better transport
                    1. The bright lights and glamour of the city
                  2. Positive Effects on the area left behind:
                    1. More land available
                      1. Increase in food supplies and QOL
                        1. Money earned and send back by migrant workers whom help improve facilities and QOL of people left behind
                        2. Negative Effects on the area left behind:
                          1. The most able leave the village so that young people and old people start working which means young people cannot carry on with their education anoymore
                            1. Negative effect on social activities and recreation
                              1. Population rates has an major drop
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