English Techniques

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Is a great study guide to learn your english techniques for your exams

shenaii matlock
Created by shenaii matlock over 5 years ago
English Language Techniques
Zakiya Tabassum
The English Language Techniques
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Jessica 'JessieB
A Level: English language and literature techniques = Lexis
Jessica 'JessieB
A Level: English language and literature techniques = Structure
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Fionnghuala Malone
English Language Techniques
English Techniques
1 Alliteration
1.1 What it is: It is the repetition of the same consonant sound in words occuring near one another
1.2 The effect: Creates a sense of movement, atmosphere, tone and often speeds up the pace.
1.3 Examples: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
2 Onomatopeoia
2.1 What it is: is a word that imitates the sound it represents.
2.2 Effect: It creates a sense of realism or action.
2.3 Examples: crunch, zap, boom, tick-tock, whoosh, tap tap tap, splash
3 Similes
3.1 What it is: an expression compering one thing from another using like of as
3.2 Effect: Creates a visual image that helps a particular tone, atmosphere or feeling
3.3 Examples: Your as smelly as a dirty sock, You look as hot as the sun
4 Metaphors
4.1 What it is: Comparing two unlike things without using the words like or as
4.2 Examples: He was a statue waiting for the news, I wish you weren't always such a chicken
4.3 Effect: "He was a statue" is to convey the sense of anticipation the subject was experiencing when waiting for the news
5 Personification
5.1 What it is: When a writer gives human quality to animals and objects
5.2 Effects: Creates familiar connection with the audience
5.3 Examples: My car drank the gas in one gulp, the picture of Jesus on the wall glared at me as if I did something wrong.
6 Hyperbole
6.1 what is it: is an obvious exaggeration or overstatement
6.2 Effect: Often to create humorous atmosphere
6.3 Examples: I'm so hungry i could eat a hole cow
7 1st person Narration
7.1 What it is: spoken from a particular characters form a personal point of view. It is subjective and provides a bias perspective.
7.2 Effect: Makes the audience feel closer to character. It is more personal. The perspective is only filtered through one person's point of view
7.3 It uses the words( I , Me, We)
8 3rd person Narration
8.1 What it is: the story is told by a narrator or god like person. It can describe actions and feelings of all characters.
8.2 Effect: You can hear everyones emotes rather then one persons, it provides multiple perspectives therefore has a less Bias perspective
8.3 It uses the words ( He, She, they) used in informational text types
9 Descriptive words
9.1 Said= interrupted, asked, shouted, whispered, replied, stated
9.2 Got= retrieved, bought, arrived, reached, grabbed
9.3 Went= Skipped, marched, ambled, clambered, plodded
9.4 Big= huge, large, massive, vast, enormous
10 Pun
10.1 What it is:it is a humorous play on words , often involving double meanings.
10.2 Example: Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana
10.3 Effect: Creates a light hearted, informal and often humorous tone/mood/atmosphere.
11 Symbolism
11.1 What it is: is using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning or in other words it represents something.
11.2 Examples: Pink symbolizes the fight against breast cancer, The statue of liberty symbolizes freedom
12 The porpose is either
12.1 Entertain- for poems, jokes etc
12.2 Inform- newspaper, info report etc
12.3 persuade: ad etc
12.4 Educate- textbook
13 Tone= feeling
13.1 Think of an adjective to describe the feeling/emotion created. Happy, humorous, sarcastic, scary, depressing, excited , tense, suspense, disturbing.
13.2 Effect: Creates the feeling or atomosphere of a piece of writing.
14 Other: Text type links to purpose, advertisements and speechs persuade, poems and narratives entain and things like textbooks/ newspaper reportsinform
15 2nd Person
15.1 Effect: Creates a connection between the audience and the composer. It makes the audience fell like you care about them.
15.1.1 It uses the words ( you, your, you'll)
16 Rhetorical Qustion
16.1 Effect:Causes the audience to ponder (to think about) the concerns of the composer
17 Inclusive Language
17.1 What is it: Uses the personal pronoun 'we'
17.2 Effect: Connects the audience to the speaker. Makes them feel like they are all on the same level.
17.3 Example: We are glad to stand together
18 Anthithesis
18.1 What it is: Is when a writer employs two sentences of contrasting meaning
18.2 Effect: It emphasises the the sentence
18.3 Example: When Armstrong walked on the moon it might have been one small step for man but it was one giant leap for man kind.
19 Euphemism
19.1 What it is: it is used to make something sound milder or it say something nicer
19.2 Example: Your father passed away
20 Irony
20.1 What it is: is a type of sicasium
20.1.1 Example: Oh what fine luck i had
21 Oxymoron
21.1 What is is: A phrase that contains two words that are contradictory (completly different)
21.2 Example: Living Dead, pretty Ugly, Random order, Growing smaller and big baby
22 Protagonist
22.1 What it is: the main character
23 Rhyme Scheme
23.1 What it is: Pattern of Rhyme amoung lines of poetry
23.1.1 using the letters ABAB CDCD EE
24 Setting
24.1 The time and place of the literary work
25 Soliloguy
25.1 What it is: is where a character speaks outloud to her or him thoughts aloud
26 Theme
26.1 The main idea of the work
27 Tone
27.1 The authors attitude towards the subjesct of the work
28 Tences
28.1 Present
28.1.1 Set at that current time
28.2 Past
28.2.1 Set in the past
28.3 Future
28.3.1 Events that are predited
29 Atmosphere
29.1 What it is: The mood or feeling established by the text
30 modality
30.1 What it is: the force that the words are delivered in
30.2 example: "we must take action," and low modality is gentle and open to interpretation,
31 Contrast
31.1 What it is: Comparing two strikingly different things
31.2 Example: thunder storms on one end of an island and clear, blue skies on the other end.
32 Impreeive voice
32.1 What it is: Forceful use of the verb at the start of a sentence or phrase
32.2 Example: "Go home and collect those unwanted mobile phones for recycling today!" To persuade your reader to take action
33 Rhyme
33.1 What it is : is the repertition of similar or identical sounds
33.2 Example: Look and crook
34 Parallel Construction
34.1 What it is: The placing of two words, phrases that are similar in length next to each other
34.2 Effect: To emphasise create contrast, build imagery and/or give rhyme
34.3 Example: The rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer
35 Tricolon
35.1 What it is: a series of three parallel words, phrases or clues placed close together
35.2 Effect: Used to emphasis ideas and articulate points in a pleasing manner. Is used to stact on ideas or evedence
35.3 Example: I see pride, i see power, i see people read to stand up for there rights
36 Assonance
36.1 What it is: It is the repertition of the vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences
36.2 Examples: Men sell the wedding bells, Go and mow the lawn.

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