Militarism and expansionism? main peculiarity?


Mind Map on Militarism and expansionism? main peculiarity?, created by sophie_pollard on 05/17/2014.
Mind Map by sophie_pollard, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sophie_pollard almost 9 years ago

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Militarism and expansionism? main peculiarity?
  1. German nature: militaristic and ambitious
    1. Jerome
    2. militaristic and expansionist characteristics have been argued to be the result of germanys development and industrial path
      1. Sonderweg theory: germany took a strange oath in its development and industrialisation
        1. Hans Ulrich Wehler, David Blackburn, Geoff Eley
          1. william shirer: it is all too clear where national socialism had come from: germanys history from Martin Luther King to Frederick the Great and the Kaiser formed a logical continuum of subservience to authority, rampant nationalism and inherent anti-semitism
            1. Jill stephenson: but whether there was a common western model of development is doubtful
            2. not the only peculiarity:
              1. Industrialisation very quick compared to other western countries. from 1850 to 1914
                1. failed revolution in 1848- unified through military means
                  1. old elites remained very powerful
                    1. incomplete revolution in 1918
                      1. failed revolutions of the bourgeoisie classes that have been most influential in creating a germany where extermist ideas can take root
                        1. because the German bourgeoisie class had failed to have a revolution like it would have in other european countries 'irrationalism, inwardness and cultural pessimism appear as burdens which prevented the German bourgeoisie from fighting for its proper objectives
                          1. created a passive bourgeoisie where support for refomist movements failed to take root, such as pacifism, feminism or ultimately support for western liberal democracy
                      2. Germany since the 19th century has been characterised as a militaristic and expansionist country
                        1. one of the main characteristics of imperial germany was that Germany was military nation
                          1. army came out of unification with high prestige
                            1. conscription at 18 for three years
                              1. army used as a way to train the youth, school of the nation, breeding conservative soldiers prepared to defend the monarchy against revolution
                                1. social democrats and liberals werent happy about the prestige of the army
                                2. WW1: german military thinking, causes of WW1: imperialism (germany throwing its weight around) masses wanted war or myth of unity?
                                  1. From weimar to third reich? radicalisation of the voter: still mainly thinking about foreign policy
                                    1. hitler: gave people something to do
                                      1. wanted a strong germany
                                      2. Hitler wanted to expand- living space in the East. did everyone want to? becoming one of the worlds powers, revision of the Treaty of Versailles
                                      3. Situational factors?
                                        1. grievances and humiliation felt from the treaty of Versialles
                                          1. economic problems of interwar period
                                          2. Ludwig Von Mises: in the 1870s Germany began to differ from othe countries. German nationalists made what they believed was a great discovery. The discovered that there nation was the strongest in Europe
                                            1. believed that they could become a massive colonial power
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