The Use and Abuse of Drugs - B1

Georgia Freeman
Mind Map by Georgia Freeman, updated more than 1 year ago
Georgia Freeman
Created by Georgia Freeman about 6 years ago
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GCSE Biology (B1) Mind Map on The Use and Abuse of Drugs - B1, created by Georgia Freeman on 05/24/2014.

Resource summary

The Use and Abuse of Drugs - B1
1 A drug = *A substance that alters the way the body works
2 Drugs can be split into 3 categories:
2.1 medicinal drugs
2.1.1 used to prevent or fight diseases and other health problems
2.1.2 used for thousands of years to cure ailments
2.1.3 all drugs have potential side affects
2.1.3.1 have to be thoroughly tested through clinical trials
2.1.3.1.1 Thalidomide
2.1.3.1.1.1 developed for sleeping problems
2.1.3.1.1.1.1 found to relieve morning sickness in pregnant women
2.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 but, caused their children to have deformed limbs
2.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 banned, but used to treat leprosy
2.2 recreational drugs
2.2.1 used for pleasure
2.2.2 examples:
2.2.2.1 ALCOHOL - causes liver and brain damage
2.2.2.2 TOBACCO - lung cancer and emphysema
2.2.2.3 MARIJUANA - mental problems
2.2.2.4 SOLVENTS - brain damage
2.3 performance-enhancing drugs
2.3.1 used to improve strength, speed etc.
2.3.2 people use these in competitions to cheat
2.3.2.1 drugs have been used to improve:
2.3.2.1.1 STRENGTH - steroids build muscle
2.3.2.1.2 SIZE - HGH (human growth hormone) increases height
2.3.2.1.3 STAMINA - EPO is used in endurance sports such as cycling
2.3.2.1.4 PRECISION - beta-blockers can improve ability in sports such as snooker

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