Interdependence and Adaption - B1

Georgia Freeman
Mind Map by Georgia Freeman, updated more than 1 year ago
Georgia Freeman
Created by Georgia Freeman over 5 years ago
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GCSE Biology (B1) Mind Map on Interdependence and Adaption - B1, created by Georgia Freeman on 05/24/2014.

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Interdependence and Adaption - B1
1 Organisms are well adapted to survive in their normal environment
1.1 changes in the environment may affect the distribution and behaviour of organisms
1.1.1 environments are changing constantly due to living and non-living factors
1.1.1.1 this affects the distribution of organisms living there
1.1.1.1.1 some non-living factors:
1.1.1.1.1.1 pollution
1.1.1.1.1.2 floods
1.1.1.1.1.3 droughts
1.1.1.1.1.4 temperature changes
1.1.1.1.1.5 living indicators:
1.1.1.1.1.5.1 lichen populations can be used to determine levels of sulphur dioxide in the air
1.1.1.1.1.5.2 invertebrates living in ponds and streams indicate water pollution and the concentration of dissolved oxygen
1.1.1.1.1.6 non-living indicators measure these changes:
1.1.1.1.1.6.1 oxygen levels
1.1.1.1.1.6.2 temperature
1.1.1.1.1.6.3 rainfall
2 Population size depends on a variety of factors including:
2.1 COMPETITION
2.1.1 all animals and plants require a supply of materials from their surroundings and from other organisms that live there
2.1.1.1 ANIMALS
2.1.1.1.1 compete for:
2.1.1.1.1.1 food
2.1.1.1.1.2 mates
2.1.1.1.1.3 territory
2.1.1.2 PLANTS
2.1.1.2.1 compete for:
2.1.1.2.1.1 light
2.1.1.2.1.2 space
2.1.1.2.1.3 water
2.1.1.2.1.4 nutrients from soil
2.1.1.3 ADAPTATION
2.1.1.3.1 organisms including microorganisms have features and adaptations that enable them to get the materials they need from their habitat and survive
2.1.1.3.2 COLD ENVIRONMENT
2.1.1.3.2.1 e.g. polar bears
2.1.1.3.2.1.1 a thick layer of fat for energy and insulation
2.1.1.3.2.1.2 thick fur for insulation
2.1.1.3.2.1.3 white fur for camoflauge
2.1.1.3.2.1.4 large canine teeth for killing
2.1.1.3.2.1.5 large paws for swimming
2.1.1.3.3 HOT, DRY ENVIRONMENTS
2.1.1.3.3.1 e.g. camels
2.1.1.3.3.1.1 fat stored in a hump, as a supply of food and water
2.1.1.3.3.1.2 thick fur for insulation for cold nights and hot days
2.1.1.3.3.1.3 large feet for walking on soft sand
2.1.1.3.3.1.4 long eyelashes to keep sand out of their eyes
2.1.1.3.3.1.5 nostrils that close during sandstorms
2.1.1.3.3.2 PLANT ADAPTATIONS
2.1.1.3.3.2.1 e.g. cacti
2.1.1.3.3.2.1.1 large root systems
2.1.1.3.3.2.1.2 small surface area of leaves to reduce water loss
2.1.1.3.3.2.1.3 waxy surface of leaves
2.1.1.3.3.2.1.4 water storage tissue
2.2 PREDATION
2.3 DISEASE
2.4 HUMAN INFLUENCES

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