Writing to inform, explain or describe

Chloe.Sharland
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

GCSE ENGLISH Mind Map on Writing to inform, explain or describe, created by Chloe.Sharland on 05/30/2014.

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Chloe.Sharland
Created by Chloe.Sharland over 5 years ago
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Writing to inform, explain or describe
1 Informing gives objective factual information
1.1 information is factual
1.1.1 To inform means to give facts to another person.To inform means to give facts to another person.
1.1.1.1 GAPS: Genre - could be giving instructions, recipes, directions, manuals, science experiment. Audience - could be anyone Purpose - to inform - giving unbiased information which is reliable and factual Style - formal
1.1.1.1.1 Useful techniques When writing to inform, make sure language is clear, factual and impersonal. Use short and clear sentences. Break up the writing with diagrams, illustrations, pictures and subheadings.
2 Explaining gives reasons for how or why something happens
2.1 explanation is factual, but with more detail
2.1.1 To describe is to give a description of what something or someone is like.
2.1.1.1 When describing, remember your thoughts and feelings are important. How does this place make you feel and why? and GAPS
2.1.1.1.1 Useful techniques When writing to describe, use adjectives and adverbs eg "He walked away casually". Use similes, eg "He is acting like a fool," and metaphors, eg "That girl is a star". Most importantly, appeal to the readers' senses: What does it look like? What does it feel like? What does it sound like? What does it smell like? What does it taste like?
3 Describing tries to paint a vivid picture in the reader's head.
3.1 description is usually about how something makes you feel
3.1.1 To explain means to make clear, show the meaning or to account for.
3.1.1.1 When explaining, you should remember: who you're writing to why you're writing to them, eg "being fair is a good quality in a carer because..." and GAPS
3.1.1.1.1 Useful techniques Writing to explain is generally in the third person and in the past or present tense. Use clear and factual language. Give a balanced view with evidence for any points made. Use connectives of comparison, eg whereas, though, while, unless, equally, however.

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