Ionic Bonding

hannah-lewis
Mind Map by hannah-lewis, updated more than 1 year ago
hannah-lewis
Created by hannah-lewis almost 7 years ago
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GCSE Chemistry (Atomic Structure) Mind Map on Ionic Bonding, created by hannah-lewis on 05/18/2013.
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Ionic Bonding
1 so an atom has a full outer shell
2 lose elctrons
3 gain electrons
4 becomes an ION
4.1 CATION= positice
4.1.1 metals
4.2 ANION=negative
4.2.1 non-metals
4.3 CHARGED PARTICLE
5 Metal + Non-metal
6 TRANSFER OF ELECTRONS
7 attraction between oppositely charged ions
8 ELECTROSTATIC ATTRACTIONS
9 IONIC COMPOUNDS
9.1 High melting and boiling point
9.1.1 lots of heat energy needed to separate strong electrostatic charges
9.2 soluble in water
9.2.1 water molecules collide with the ionic solid
9.2.2 collisions knock off ions
9.2.3 ions then diffuse evenly
9.3 conducts electricity when molten or solution
9.3.1 electrostatic charges are overcome
9.3.2 ions can move and carry current
10 ionic lattices
10.1 see notes
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