Classification and diversity of living organisms

Rosa Garcia
Note by Rosa Garcia, updated more than 1 year ago
Rosa Garcia
Created by Rosa Garcia about 7 years ago
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Description

Biology Note on Classification and diversity of living organisms, created by Rosa Garcia on 03/29/2014.

Resource summary

Page 1

Genus- surname so they share this with a group of other very similar organisms

Species name- christian name. Unique to that particular type of organism

= System in which the scientific name of an organism is made up of 2 parts showing the genus and species name.

MAMMALS teeth hair warm blooded single jaw bone inner ear bones produce milk-for youngs larger brain nourish their babies with milk

FISH cold-blooded live in water paired fins/gills/scales lay large number of eggs breath by drawing water over gills

AMPHIBIANS cold-blooded vertebrate lay eggs in water lack skin covering "2 lives" e.g frogs go through egg to tadpole to frog must stay close to water

REPTILES scales lay eggs on land can't regulate body temperature can absorb oxygen in water through their mouth don't use energy to fuel internal "furnaces"

BIRDS feathers lay eggs bodies adapted for flight beak rather than teeth hollow bones provide lightweight strength

FLOWERING PLANTS

MONOCOTYLEDONS 1 cotyledon strap like leaves parallel veins flower part divisible by 3 e.g. Kaffir lily

DICOTYLEDONS 2 coyledon broad leaves branching veins flower parts divisible by 4/5

The Binomal System

Main features of:

Main features of:

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