Created by Grace Pulling over 6 years ago
Siddhartha Gotama – Quote: ‘Our life is shaped by our mind: we become what we think.’ · Royal Life · Realized how much suffering there is · Against family’s wishes, he left home and tried to find an answer · After 7 years he achieved enlightenment · From his theory, he developed a knowledge of life’s ‘system’ No Soul – 3 Universal Truths & Transfer of Energy · Anicca – nothing is permanent, always changing · Anatta – nothing has a permanent identity i.e. a bicycle · Dukkha – craving, unsatisfactoriness, always something more · There is no self · Once someone dies their energy is passed on, not their soul Answer to Suffering – Four Noble Truths, 8 Fold Path (world- wide known symbol) & the Middle Way · Buddha’s awakening – all beings suffer, suffering has a cause (craving), it is possible to escape suffering, there is a path to freedom from suffering (called the Middle Way). · The middle way – eight ways of thinking: right concentration, right understanding, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness (think M.U.S.I.C.A.L.E) · By following these and providing for you self (what you need) you will live the middle way and are closer to escape suffering. · I believe – that providing for yourself is luxury in a way because you are not poor. · Devised this system to guide people through different values and morals to help them achieve happiness. Karma – 10 Negative Actions, rebirth (next life) · Karma: every action has a consequence · Ten negative actions – killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, saying things that hurt people, saying things that cause division between people, gossiping, harmful thoughts, envy, holding wrong views about Buddhism · Good and bad Karma · Doing something bad can get you born in another life into a bad situation. Samsara – Realms, rebirth (cont.) & Yama · Rebirth not reincarnation · The wheel of life – travelling up and down into different realms · In the center: pigeon (ignorance), Pig (desire), Snake (hatred) · 12 links – different sufferings caused by ignorance · The god realm, demi-god realm, human realm, animal realm, land of the hungry ghosts, hell realm · The demi god realm – result of living a good life but being jealous · The land of the hungry ghosts – constantly wants things but is never satisfied (there for 15,000 years) · Yama – lord of death, wheel is in his mouth, cycle of death Relation between Karma & Samsara · If you do something bad in one realm you will move down i.e. a murderer will be born into the death realm · You can move up realms in result of good karma · Past lives effect your current life Ultimate Goal – Nirvana, Gods & Enlightenment · Suffering ceases to exist once you have reached nirvana (after god realm) · All desires have been extinguished · A person can achieve nirvana in their lifetime if they were born into a high realm · In a state of pure peace and happiness · You are free from Yama, escaping the wheel of life (Samsara) and you will never be reborn again. The Buddhist Community · Bhikkus start to become a monk at an early age so they can receive a good education · Their possessions are simple orange robes and a brass bowl to receive offerings. · When you are a monk your needs are taken care of, you have free time, you gain enlightenment and merit, you are less stressed and have a better understanding of Buddhism · After leaving the monastery a Buddhists may use his knowledge to help his former community in developing it. · Upasakas are Buddhists who give gifts to the monks, this benefits them as they are living the middle way – providing for themselves and helping others. Teachings on Society · Friends – be helpful, respectful and caring. Be good influences, give gifts, do not share their secrets, and put your self in their shoes. · Teachers – Respect them, consider their advice, and help them to help you. · Employees – do not over work them, pay and feed them enough, do not exploit them. · Parents – Having been supported by them: you should support them, repay them for what they have done for you, and respect them. · Partners – a man should look after his partner, respect and not criticize her, be faithful and loyal, give her authority in the home, bring gifts, she should do her duties: treating his family like her own, being clever and faithful, hardworking, and protecting the family’s possessions.