Cells and DNA

Imani :D
Quiz by Imani :D, updated more than 1 year ago
Imani :D
Created by Imani :D about 2 years ago
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Description

IB Science

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Single cells grow and [blank_start]divide[blank_end] to form more cells in a process called the [blank_start]cell cycle[blank_end]. A [blank_start]young[blank_end] cell undergoes cell division which promotes cell growth. The cells can then either grow into more stem cells or develop into specialized cells which in turn develop into [blank_start]mature[blank_end] cells. [blank_start]Embryonic[blank_end] development causes many cells to [blank_start]lose[blank_end] the ability to divide as they develop into the tissues and organs that make up organisms. The cells that retain many embryonic properties are called [blank_start]adult[blank_end] stem cells.
Answer
  • divide
  • cell cycle
  • young
  • mature
  • lose
  • gain
  • adult
  • Embryonic

Question 2

Question
Cell division produces embryonic [blank_start]stem[blank_end] [blank_start]cells[blank_end].
Answer
  • stem
  • cells

Question 3

Question
Check off all that apply to embryonic stem cells.
Answer
  • Give rise to a limited range of cells within a tissue.
  • Capable of developing into all the cell types of an adult organism.
  • Capable of continual cell division.
  • Make up the bulk of the embryo.
  • Occuring in the growing adult body.
  • Can develop into all the cell types.
  • Has a limited range.

Question 4

Question
Which of these is true for the lysosome of a cell?
Answer
  • It monitors what goes in and out of the cell
  • It is in charge of protein synthesis
  • It holds the organelles together
  • It breaks down any waste in the cell

Question 5

Question
label the prokaryotic cell
Answer
  • pili
  • plasmid
  • cell wall
  • cytoplasm
  • nucleoid
  • nucleus
  • flagella
  • ribosomes
  • plasma membrane
  • chloroplasts
  • lysosomes
  • mitochondria
  • endoplasmic reticulum (rough)
  • endoplasmic reticulum (smooth)
  • centrioles

Question 6

Question
Label the eukaryotic cell
Answer
  • nucleolus
  • nucleus
  • Mitochondrion
  • smooth
  • rough
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Chromatin
  • Nucleoid
  • Plasmid
  • Flagella

Question 7

Question
What is the difference between pili and flagella?
Answer
  • Flagella is for the mobility of the cell and pili is for the attachment to other cells.
  • Flagella is for the attachment to other cells and pili is for the mobility of the cell.
  • Flagella is for nuclear division and pili is for structure
  • Flagella is for structure and pili is for nuclear division

Question 8

Question
Which of the following are organelles are present in prokaryotes but not eukaryotes?
Answer
  • Plasma membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Nucleoid
  • Nucleus

Question 9

Question
Which of the following are fundamental statements of cell theory?
Answer
  • Cells come only from other cells
  • Cells maximize their SA;Vol ratio
  • All living things consist of cells
  • Cells are the smallest units of life

Question 10

Question
Which part of the plasma membrane is involved in recognition of other cells?
Answer
  • Phospholipid bilayer
  • Integral proteins
  • Peripheral proteins
  • Cholestrerol

Question 11

Question
How do animals use cholesterol?
Answer
  • To store energy
  • To form part of the plasma membrane
  • To insulate neurons (nerve cells)
  • To increase blood pressure

Question 12

Question
Which cell organelle is responsible for the production of proteins to be exported from the cell?
Answer
  • Rough endoplasmic reticulum
  • Free ribosomes
  • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  • Lysosome

Question 13

Question
By which method do prokaryotes reproduce? ANSWER: [blank_start]binary[blank_end] [blank_start]fission[blank_end]
Answer
  • binary
  • fission

Question 14

Question
Prokaryotes do not have a mitochondrion
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Complete the following statement using the correct numbers. (Use numbers not words. Ex: 15 not fiveteen) Eukaryotes have [blank_start]80[blank_end]s ribosomes and Prokaryotes have [blank_start]70[blank_end]s ribosomes.
Answer
  • 80
  • 70

Question 16

Question
Which of the following is true for a ribosome?
Answer
  • It is responsible for the breakdown of the contents of "food" vacuoles
  • It is responsible for protein synthesis
  • It is responsible for packaging and sending off proteins

Question 17

Question
An animal cell is placed in a hypotonic (very weak) sugar solution and therefore the cell will decrease in mass.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Osmosis is the movement of [blank_start]water[blank_end] Diffusion is the movement of [blank_start]liquids and gases[blank_end]
Answer
  • water
  • liquids and gases

Question 19

Question
The smaller the size of a cell the less surface area to volume it has.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Which of the following does 'surface to volume ratio' determine?
Answer
  • The amount of absorption that occurs
  • How long heat energy takes to get in or out

Question 21

Question
Which of the following types of transport moves from a low concentration to a high concentration?
Answer
  • Diffusion
  • Facillated Diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Active Transport

Question 22

Question
Decode the following DNA to mRNA DNA --> TAC CTC CGG TGG GTG CTT GTC TGT ATC mRNA->[blank_start]AUG[blank_end] [blank_start]GAG[blank_end] [blank_start]ACC[blank_end] [blank_start]ACC[blank_end] [blank_start]CAC[blank_end] [blank_start]GAA[blank_end] [blank_start]CAG[blank_end] [blank_start]ACA[blank_end] [blank_start]UAG[blank_end]
Answer
  • AUG
  • GAG
  • ACC
  • ACC
  • CAC
  • GAA
  • CAG
  • ACA
  • UAG

Question 23

Question
[blank_start]A[blank_end][blank_start]U[blank_end][blank_start]G[blank_end] is the start codon [blank_start]U[blank_end][blank_start]A[blank_end][blank_start]G[blank_end] is the end codon
Answer
  • A
  • U
  • G
  • U
  • A
  • G

Question 24

Question
Where does the first step of protein synthesis occur? ANSWER: [blank_start]Nucleus[blank_end]
Answer
  • Nucleus

Question 25

Question
The bases on tRNA are called...
Answer
  • ... codons
  • ... anti-codons
  • ... proteins

Question 26

Question
Drag the function to the correct primase, polymerase, and ligase: - RNA primase; forms short lengths of [blank_start]RNA[blank_end] primer at intervals [blank_start]along the DNA strand[blank_end] - DNA polymerase III; [blank_start]forms[blank_end] short [blank_start]DNA[blank_end] strands called Okazaki Fragments[blank_start], starting from each RNA primer[blank_end] - DNA polymerase I; [blank_start]replaces[blank_end] the [blank_start]RNA primer[blank_end] at the start of each Okazaki Fragment with a [blank_start]DNA strand[blank_end] - ligase; [blank_start]joins the DNA strands together[blank_end]
Answer
  • along the DNA strand
  • , starting from each RNA primer
  • forms
  • replaces
  • DNA
  • joins the DNA strands together
  • RNA primer
  • RNA
  • DNA primer
  • DNA strand
  • RNA strand
  • separates
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