Other RNAs

Has Maj
Mind Map by Has Maj, updated more than 1 year ago
Has Maj
Created by Has Maj about 4 years ago
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Degree Pharmacy (PH1402 - Cell and Molecular Biology) Mind Map on Other RNAs, created by Has Maj on 12/27/2015.

Resource summary

Other RNAs
1 RIBOSOMAL RNA
1.1 ROLE
1.1.1 Provides scaffolding for ribosomes
1.1.2 Has catalytic properties
1.1.3 Joins amino acids together during RNA translation
1.2 STRUCTURE OF RIBOSOME
1.2.1 Eukaryotes have 60s and 40s subunit which overall equals 80s
1.2.2 Prokaryotes have 50s and 30s which equals 70s overall
2 TRANSFER RNA
2.1 STRUCTURE
2.1.1
2.1.2 Anti codon amino acid attached to 3 prime
2.1.3 Longer end is 3 prime shorter end 5 prime
2.2 ROLE
2.2.1 Translates the message from the mRNA into a long polypeptide chain
2.3 WOBBLE
2.3.1 tRNAs use wobble to recognise the codon, in the third base of the anticodon. G can also pair with U
2.3.1.1 A modified base called I is also found this can base pair with A,C,U
2.3.1.1.1 Means that less tRNA needed
2.3.1.2 Normal base pairing still occurs
2.4 MANUFACTURE
2.4.1 Several tRNA transcribed together to form pre tRNA,
2.4.1.1 Pre tRNA folds up by base pairing
2.4.1.1.1 Cuts using RNAase P and D
2.4.1.1.1.1 Base Modification
2.4.1.1.1.2 Aminoacylation
2.4.1.1.1.2.1 AMP along with tRNA is attached to AARS with loss of pyrophosphate
2.4.1.1.1.2.2 AMP lost and tRNA charged
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