Mental Health ATI

Steven Cook
Quiz by Steven Cook, updated more than 1 year ago
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Mental Health Quiz on Mental Health ATI, created by Steven Cook on 03/28/2018.
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Question 1

Question
a nurse is planning care for a client who has a mental health disorder. Which of the following actions should the nurse include as a psychobiological intervention?
Answer
  • assist the client with systematic desensitization therapy.
  • teach the client appropriate coping mechanisms
  • assess the client for comorbid health conditions.
  • monitor the client for adverse effects of medications

Question 2

Question
a charge nurse is discussing mental status examinations with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “to assess cognitive ability, i should ask the client to count backward by sevens.”
  • “to assess affect, i should observe the client’s facial expression.”
  • “to assess language ability, i should instruct the client to write a sentence.”
  • “to assess remote memory, i should have the client repeat a list of objects.”
  • “to assess the client’s abstract thinking, i should ask the client to identify our most recent presidents.”

Question 3

Question
a nurse in an outpatient mental health clinic is preparing to conduct an initial client interview. When conducting the interview, which of the following actions should the nurse identify as the priority?
Answer
  • coordinate holistic care with social services.
  • identify the client’s perception of her mental health status.
  • include the client’s family in the interview
  • teach the client about her current mental health disorder

Question 4

Question
a nurse is told during change‑of‑shift report that a client is stuporous. When assessing the client, which of the following findings should the nurse expect?
Answer
  • the client arouses briefly in response to a sternal rub.
  • the client has a Glasgow coma scale score less than 7.
  • the client exhibits decorticate rigidity.
  • the client is alert but disoriented to time and place.

Question 5

Question
a nurse is planning a peer group discussion about the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM‑5). Which of the following information is appropriate to include in the discussion? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • the DsM‑5 includes client education handouts for mental health disorders.
  • the DsM‑5 establishes diagnostic criteria for individual mental health disorders.
  • the DsM‑5 indicates recommended pharmacological treatment for mental health disorders.
  • the DsM‑5 assists nurses in planning care for client’s who have mental health disorders.
  • the DsM‑5 indicates expected assessment findings of mental health disorders.

Question 6

Question
a nurse in an emergency mental health facility is caring for a group of clients. the nurse should identify that which of the following clients requires a temporary emergency admission?
Answer
  • a client who has schizophrenia with delusions of grandeur
  • a client who has manifestations of depression and attempted suicide a year ago
  • a client who has borderline personality disorder and assaulted a homeless man with a metal rod
  • a client who has bipolar disorder and paces quickly around the room while talking to himself

Question 7

Question
a nurse decides to put a client who has a psychotic disorder in seclusion overnight because the unit is very short‑staffed, and the client frequently fights with other clients. the nurse’s actions are an example of which of the following torts?
Answer
  • invasion of privacy
  • False imprisonment
  • assault
  • Battery

Question 8

Question
a client tells a nurse, “don’t tell anyone, but i hid a sharp knife under my mattress in order to protect myself from my roommate, who is always yelling at me and threatening me.” Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Keep the client’s communication confidential, but talk to the client daily, using therapeutic communication to convince him to admit to hiding the knife.
  • Keep the client’s communication confidential, but watch the client and his roommate closely.
  • tell the client that this must be reported to the health care team because it concerns the health and safety of the client and others.
  • Report the incident to the health care team, but do not inform the client of the intention to do so.

Question 9

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is in mechanical restraints. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the documentation? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “client ate most of his breakfast.”
  • “client was offered 8 oz of water every hr.”
  • “client shouted obscenities at assistive personnel.”
  • “client received chlorpromazine 15 mg by mouth at 1000.”
  • “client acted out after lunch.”

Question 10

Question
a nurse hears a newly licensed nurse discussing a client’s hallucinations in the hallway with another nurse. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
Answer
  • notify the nurse manager.
  • tell the nurse to stop discussing the behavior.
  • Provide an in‑service program about confidentiality.
  • complete an incident report.

Question 11

Question
a charge nurse is conducting a class on therapeutic communication to a group of newly licensed nurses. Which of the following aspects of communication should the nurse identify as a component of verbal communication?
Answer
  • Personal space
  • Posture
  • Eye contact
  • intonation

Question 12

Question
a nurse in an acute mental health facility is communicating with a client. the client states, “i can’t sleep. i stay up all night.” the nurse responds, “You are having difficulty sleeping?” Which of the following therapeutic communication techniques is the nurse demonstrating?
Answer
  • offering general leads
  • Summarizing
  • focusing
  • Restating

Question 13

Question
a nurse is communicating with a client who was just admitted for treatment of a substance use disorder. Which of the following communication techniques should the nurse identify as a barrier to therapeutic communication?
Answer
  • Offering advice
  • Reflecting
  • Listening attentively
  • Giving information

Question 14

Question
a nurse caring for a client who has anorexia nervosa. Which of the following examples demonstrates the nurse’s use of interpersonal communication?
Answer
  • the nurse discusses the client’s weight loss during a health care team meeting.
  • the nurse examines her own personal feelings about clients who have anorexia nervosa.
  • the nurse asks the client about her body image perception.
  • the nurse presents an educational session about anorexia nervosa to a large group of adolescents.

Question 15

Question
a nurse is caring for the parents of a child who has demonstrated recent changes in behavior and mood. When the mother of the child asks the nurse for reassurance about her son’s condition, which of the following responses should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “i think your son is getting better. What have you noticed?”
  • “i’m sure everything will be okay. it just takes time to heal.”
  • “i’m not sure what’s wrong. Have you asked the doctor about your concerns?”
  • “i understand you’re concerned. Let’s discuss what concerns you specifically.”

Question 16

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who smokes and has lung cancer. the client reports, “i’m coughing because i have that cold that everyone has been getting.” the nurse should identify that the client is using which of the following defense mechanisms?
Answer
  • reaction formation
  • denial
  • displacement
  • Sublimation

Question 17

Question
a nurse is providing preoperative teaching for a client who was just informed that she requires emergency surgery. the client, has a respiratory rate 30/min, and says, “this is difficult to comprehend. i feel shaky and nervous.” the nurse should identify that the client is experiencing which of the following levels of anxiety?
Answer
  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Panic

Question 18

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing moderate anxiety. Which of the following actions should the nurse take when trying to give necessary information to the client? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • reassure the client that everything will be okay.
  • discuss prior use of coping mechanisms with the client.
  • ignore the client’s anxiety so that she will not be embarrassed.
  • demonstrate a calm manner while using simple and clear directions.
  • Gather information from the client using closed‑ended questions.

Question 19

Question
a nurse is talking with a client who is at risk for suicide following the death of his spouse. Which of the following statements should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “i feel very sorry for the loneliness you must be experiencing.”
  • “Suicide is not the appropriate way to cope with loss.”
  • “Losing someone close to you must be very upsetting.”
  • “i know how difficult it is to lose a loved one.”

Question 20

Question
a charge nurse is discussing the characteristics of a nurse-client relationship with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following characteristics should the nurse include in the discussion? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • the needs of both participants are met.
  • an emotional commitment exists between the participants.
  • it is goal-directed.
  • Behavioral change is encouraged.
  • a termination date is established.

Question 21

Question
a nurse is in the working phase of a therapeutic relationship with a client who has methamphetamine use disorder. Which of the following actions indicates transference behavior?
Answer
  • the client asks the nurse whether she will go out to dinner with him.
  • the client accuses the nurse of telling him what to do just like his ex-girlfriend.
  • the client reminds the nurse of a friend who died from a substance overdose.
  • the client becomes angry and threatens harm to himself.

Question 22

Question
a nurse is planning care for the termination phase of a nurse-client relationship. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan of care?
Answer
  • discussing ways to use new behaviors
  • practicing new problem-solving skills
  • developing goals
  • establishing boundaries

Question 23

Question
a nurse is orienting a new client to a mental health unit. When explaining the unit’s community meetings, which of the following statements should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “You and a group of other clients will meet to discuss your treatment plans.”
  • “Community meetings have a specific agenda that is established by staff.”
  • “You and the other clients will meet with staff to discuss common problems.”
  • “Community meetings are an excellent opportunity to explore your personal mental health issues.”

Question 24

Question
a nurse is caring for several clients who are attending community‑based mental health programs. Which of the following clients should the nurse plan to visit first?
Answer
  • a client who recently burned her arm while using a hot iron at home
  • a client who requests that her antipsychotic medication be changed due to some new adverse effects
  • a client who says he is hearing a voice that tells him he is not worthy of living anymore
  • a client who tells the nurse he experienced manifestations of severe anxiety before and during a job interview

Question 25

Question
a community mental health nurse is planning care to address the issue of depression among older adult clients in the community. Which of the following interventions should the nurse plan as a method of tertiary prevention?
Answer
  • educating clients on health promotion techniques to reduce the risk of depression
  • Performing screenings for depression at community health programs
  • establishing rehabilitation programs to decrease the effects of depression
  • Providing support groups for clients at risk for depression

Question 26

Question
a nurse is working in a community mental health facility. Which of the following services does this type of program provide? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • educational groups
  • Medication dispensing programs
  • individual counseling programs
  • Detoxification programs
  • Family therapy

Question 27

Question
a nurse in an acute mental health facility is assisting with discharge planning for a client who has a severe mental illness and requires supervision much of the time. the client’s wife works all day but is home by late afternoon. Which of the following strategies should the nurse suggest as appropriate follow‑up care?
Answer
  • receiving daily care from a home health aide
  • Having a weekly visit from a nurse case worker
  • attending a partial hospitalization program
  • visiting a community mental health center on a daily basis

Question 28

Question
a nurse is caring for a group of clients. Which of the following clients should a nurse consider for referral to an assertive community treatment (ACT) group?
Answer
  • a client in an acute care mental health facility who has fallen several times while running down the hallway
  • a client who lives at home and keeps “forgetting” to come in for his monthly antipsychotic injection for schizophrenia
  • a client in a day treatment program who says he is becoming more anxious during group therapy
  • a client in a weekly grief support group who says she still misses her deceased husband who has been dead for 3 months

Question 29

Question
a nurse is teaching a client who has an anxiety disorder and is scheduled to begin classical psychoanalysis. Which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of this form of therapy?
Answer
  • “even if my anxiety improves, i will need to continue this therapy for 6 weeks.”
  • “the therapist will focus on my past relationships during our sessions.”
  • “Psychoanalysis will help me reduce my anxiety by changing my behaviors.”
  • “this therapy will address my conscious feelings about stressful experiences.”

Question 30

Question
a nurse is discussing free association as a therapeutic tool with a client who has major depressive disorder. Which of the following client statements indicates understanding of this technique?
Answer
  • “i will write down my dreams as soon as i wake up.”
  • “i may begin to associate my therapist with important people in my life.”
  • “i can learn to express myself in a nonaggressive manner.”
  • “i should say the first thing that comes to my mind.”

Question 31

Question
a nurse is preparing to implement cognitive reframing techniques for a client who has an anxiety disorder. Which of the following techniques should the nurse include in the plan of care? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Priority restructuring
  • Monitoring thoughts
  • diaphragmatic breathing
  • Journal keeping
  • Meditation

Question 32

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has a new prescription for Disulfiram for treatment of alcohol use disorder. the nurse informs the client that this medication can cause nausea and vomiting if he drinks alcohol. Which of the following types of treatment is this method an example?
Answer
  • Aversion therapy
  • Flooding
  • Biofeedback
  • Dialectical behavior therapy

Question 33

Question
a nurse is assisting with systematic desensitization for a client who has an extreme fear of elevators. Which of the following actions should the nurse implement with this form of therapy?
Answer
  • demonstrate riding in an elevator, and then ask the client to imitate the behavior.
  • advise the client to say “stop” out loud every time he begins to feel an anxiety response related to an elevator.
  • Gradually expose the client to an elevator while practicing relaxation techniques.
  • stay with the client in an elevator until his anxiety response diminishes.

Question 34

Question
a nurse wants to use democratic leadership with a group whose purpose is to learn appropriate conflict resolution techniques. The nurse is correct in implementing this form of group leadership when she demonstrates which of the following actions?
Answer
  • observes group techniques without interfering with the group process
  • discusses a technique and then directs members to practice the technique
  • asks for group suggestions of techniques and then supports discussion
  • Suggests techniques and asks group members to reflect on their use

Question 35

Question
a nurse is planning group therapy for clients dealing with bereavement. Which of the following activities should the nurse include in the initial phase? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • encourage the group to work toward goals.
  • define the purpose of the group.
  • discuss termination of the group.
  • identify informal roles of members within the group.
  • establish an expectation of confidentiality within the group.

Question 36

Question
a nurse working on an acute mental health unit forms a group to focus on self‑management of medications. at each of the meetings, two of the members use the opportunity to discuss their common interest in gambling on sports. This is an example of which of the following concepts?
Answer
  • Triangulation
  • Group process
  • Subgroup
  • hidden agenda

Question 37

Question
a nurse is conducting a family therapy session. The adolescent son tells the nurse that he plans ways to make his sister look bad so his parents will think he’s the better sibling, which he believes will give him more privileges. The nurse should identify this dysfunctional behavior as which of the following?
Answer
  • placation
  • manipulation
  • blaming
  • distraction

Question 38

Question
a nurse is working with an established group and identifies various member roles. Which of the following should the nurse identify as an individual role?
Answer
  • a member who praises input from other members
  • a member who follows the direction of other members
  • a member who brags about accomplishments
  • a member who evaluates the group’s performance toward a standard

Question 39

Question
a nurse is preparing to provide an educational seminar on stress to other nursing staff. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the discussion?
Answer
  • excessive stressors cause the client to experience distress.
  • the body’s initial adaptive response to stress is denial.
  • absence of stressors results in homeostasis.
  • negative, rather than positive, stressors produce a biological response.

Question 40

Question
a nurse is discussing acute vs. prolonged stress with a client. Which of the following effects should the nurse identify as an acute stress response? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Chronic pain
  • Depressed immune system
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Panic attacks
  • Unhappiness

Question 41

Question
a nurse is teaching a client about stress‑reduction techniques. Which of the following client statements indicates understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “Cognitive reframing will help me change my irrational thoughts to something positive.”
  • “Progressive muscle relaxation uses a mechanical device to help me gain control over my pulse rate.”
  • “Biofeedback causes my body to release endorphins so that I feel less stress and anxiety.”
  • “Mindfulness allows me to prioritize the stressors that I have in my life so that I have less anxiety.”

Question 42

Question
a client says she is experiencing increased stress because her significant other is “pressuring me and my kids to go live with him. I love him, but I’m not ready to do that.” Which of the following recommendations should the nurse make to promote a change in the client’s situation?
Answer
  • Learn to practice mindfulness.
  • Use assertiveness techniques.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Rely on the support of a close friend.

Question 43

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who states, “I’m so stressed at work because of my coworker. He expects me to finish his work because he’s too lazy!” When discussing effective communication, which of the following statements by the client to his coworker indicates client understanding?
Answer
  • “You really should complete your own work. I don’t think it’s right to expect me to complete your responsibilities.”
  • “Why do you expect me to finish your work? You must realize that I have my own responsibilities.”
  • “It is not fair to expect me to complete your work. If you continue, then I will report your behavior to our supervisor.”
  • “When I have to pick up extra work, I feel very overwhelmed. I need to focus on my own responsibilities.”

Question 44

Question
a nurse is providing teaching for a client who is scheduled to receive ECT for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Which of the following client statements indicates understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “it is common to treat depression with ECT before trying medications.”
  • “i can have my depression cured if i receive a series of ECT treatments.”
  • “i should receive ECT once a week for 6 weeks.”
  • “i will receive a muscle relaxant to protect me from injury during ECT.”

Question 45

Question
a charge nurse is discussing TMS with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “TMS is indicated for clients who have schizophrenia spectrum disorders.”
  • “i will provide post anesthesia care following TMS.”
  • “TMS treatments usually last 5 to 10 minutes.”
  • “i will schedule the client for daily TMS treatments for the first several weeks.”

Question 46

Question
a nurse is assessing a client immediately following an ECT procedure. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • hypotension
  • paralytic ileus
  • memory loss
  • nausea
  • confusion

Question 47

Question
a nurse is leading a peer group discussion about the indications for ECT. Which of the following indications should the nurse include in the discussion?
Answer
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Acute withdrawal related to a substance use disorder
  • Bipolar disorder with rapid cycling
  • Dysphoric disorder

Question 48

Question
a nurse is planning care for a client following surgical implantation of a VNS device. the nurse should plan to monitor for which of the following adverse effects? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Voice changes
  • Seizure activity
  • Disorientation
  • Dysphagia
  • Neck pain

Question 49

Question
A nurse observes a client who has OCD repeatedly applying, removing, and then reapplying makeup. the nurse identifies that repetitive behavior in a client who has OCD is due to which of the following underlying reasons?
Answer
  • Narcissistic behavior
  • Fear of rejection from staff
  • Attempt to reduce anxiety
  • Adverse effect of antidepressant medication

Question 50

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing a panic attack. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Discuss new relaxation techniques.
  • Show the client how to change his behavior.
  • Distract the client with a television show.
  • Stay with the client and remain quiet.

Question 51

Question
A nurse is assessing a client who has generalized anxiety disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • excessive worry for 6 months
  • impulsive decision making
  • delayed reflexes
  • restlessness
  • need for reassurance

Question 52

Question
A nurse is planning care for a client who has body dysmorphic disorder. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take first?
Answer
  • Assessing the client’s risk for self-harm
  • Instilling hope for positive outcomes
  • Encouraging the client to participate in group therapy sessions
  • Encouraging the client to participate in treatment decisions

Question 53

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who has acute stress disorder and is experiencing severe anxiety. Which of the following statements actions should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “Tell me about how you are feeling right now.”
  • “You should focus on the positive things in your life to decrease your anxiety.”
  • “Why do you believe you are experiencing this anxiety?”
  • “Let’s discuss the medications your provider is prescribing to decrease your anxiety.”

Question 54

Question
a nurse working on an acute mental health unit is caring for a client who has posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • difficulty concentrating on tasks
  • obsessive need to talk about the traumatic event
  • negative self‑image
  • recurring nightmares
  • diminished reflexes

Question 55

Question
a nurse is involved in a serious and prolonged mass casualty incident in the emergency department. Which of the following strategies should the nurse use to help prevent developing a trauma‑related disorder? (Select all that apply)
Answer
  • Avoid thinking about the incident when it is over.
  • Take breaks during the incident for food and water.
  • Debrief with others following the incident
  • Hold emotions in check in the days following the incident.
  • Take advantage of offered counseling.

Question 56

Question
a nurse is collecting an admission history for a client who has acute stress disorder (ASD). Which of the following information should the nurse expect to collect?
Answer
  • The client remembers many details about the traumatic incident.
  • The client expresses heightened elation about what is happening.
  • The client states he first noticed manifestations of the disorder 6 weeks after the traumatic incident occurred.
  • The client expresses a sense of unreality about the traumatic incident.

Question 57

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has derealization disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an indication of derealization?
Answer
  • The client explains that her body seems to be floating above the ground.
  • The client has the idea that someone is trying to kill her and steal her money.
  • The client states that the furniture in the room seems to be small and far away.
  • The client cannot recall anything that happened during the past 2 weeks.

Question 58

Question
a nurse in an acute mental health facility is planning care for a client who has dissociative fugue. Which of the following interventions should the nurse add to the plan of care?
Answer
  • Teach the client to recognize how stress brings on a personality change in the client.
  • Repeatedly present the client with information about past events.
  • Make decisions for the client regarding routine daily activities.
  • Work with the client on grounding techniques.

Question 59

Question
A nurse working in an acute mental health facility is caring for a 35‑year‑old female client who has manifestations of depression. The client lives at home with her partner and two young children. she currently smokes and has a history of chronic asthma. Which of the following factors put the client at risk for depression? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Age
  • Gender
  • History of chronic asthma
  • Smoking
  • Being married

Question 60

Question
A nurse working on an acute mental health unit is admitting a client who has major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety disorder. Which of the following actions is the nurse’s priority?
Answer
  • Placing the client on one‑to‑one observation
  • Assisting the client to perform ADLs
  • Encouraging the client to participate in counseling
  • Teaching the client about medication adverse effects

Question 61

Question
A nurse working in an outpatient clinic is providing teaching to a client who has a new diagnosis of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Which of the following statements by the client indicates understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “i can expect my problems with PMDD to be worst when i’m menstruating.”
  • “i will use light therapy 30 minutes a day to prevent further recurrences of PMDD.”
  • “i am aware that my PMDD causes me to have rapid mood swings.”
  • “i should increase my caloric intake with a nutritional supplement when my PMDD is active.”

Question 62

Question
A charge nurse is discussing the care of a client who has major depressive disorder (MDD) with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “Care during the continuation phase focuses on treating continued manifestations of MDD.”
  • “The treatment of MDD during the maintenance phase lasts for 6 to 12 weeks.”
  • “The client is at greatest risk for suicide during the first weeks of an MDD episode.”
  • “Medication and psychotherapy are most effective during the acute phase of MDD.”

Question 63

Question
A nurse is interviewing a 25‑year‑old client who has a new diagnosis of dysthymic disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect?
Answer
  • Wide fluctuations in mood
  • Report of a minimum of five clinical findings of depression
  • Presence of manifestations for at least 2 years
  • Inflated sense of self‑esteem

Question 64

Question
a nurse is planning care for a client who has bipolar disorder and is experiencing a manic episode. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Provide flexible client behavior expectations.
  • Offer concise explanations.
  • Establish consistent limits.
  • Disregard client complaints.
  • Use a firm approach with communication.

Question 65

Question
a nurse is teaching a newly licensed nurse about the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates understanding?
Answer
  • “ECT is the recommended initial treatment for bipolar disorder.”
  • “ECT is contraindicated for clients who have suicidal ideation.”
  • “ECT is effective for clients who are experiencing severe mania.”
  • “ECT is prescribed to prevent relapse of bipolar disorder.”

Question 66

Question
a nurse in an acute mental health facility is caring for a client who has bipolar disorder. Which of the following is the priority nursing action?
Answer
  • Set consistent limits for expected client behavior.
  • Administer prescribed medications as scheduled.
  • Provide the client with step‑by‑step instructions during hygiene activities.
  • Monitor the client for escalating behavior.

Question 67

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has bipolar disorder. The client states, “i am very rich, and i feel i must give my money to you.” Which of the following responses should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “Why do you think you feel the need to give money away?”
  • “i am here to provide care and cannot accept this from you.”
  • “i can request that your case manager discuss appropriate charity options with you.”
  • “You should know that giving away your money is inappropriate.”

Question 68

Question
a nurse is discussing relapse prevention with a client who has bipolar disorder. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Use caffeine in moderation to prevent relapse.
  • Difficulty sleeping can indicate a relapse.
  • Begin taking your medications as soon as a relapse begins.
  • Participating in psychotherapy can help prevent a relapse.
  • Anhedonia is a clinical manifestation of a depressive relapse.

Question 69

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who has substance‑induced psychotic disorder and is experiencing auditory hallucinations. the client states, “the voices won’t leave me alone!” Which of the following statements should the nurse make? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “When did you start hearing the voices?”
  • “The voices are not real, or else we would both hear them.”
  • “It must be scary to hear voices.”
  • “Are the voices telling you to hurt yourself?”
  • “Why are the voices talking to only you?”

Question 70

Question
A nurse is completing an admission assessment for a client who has schizophrenia. Which of the following findings should the nurse document as positive symptoms? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Auditory hallucination
  • Lack of motivation
  • Use of clang associations
  • Delusion of persecution
  • Constantly waving arms
  • Flat affect

Question 71

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who has schizoaffective disorder. Which of the following statements indicates the client is experiencing depersonalization?
Answer
  • “i am a superhero and am immortal.”
  • “i am no one, and everyone is me.”
  • “i feel monsters pinching me all over.”
  • “i know that you are stealing my thoughts.”

Question 72

Question
A nurse is caring for a client on an acute mental health unit. the client reports hearing voices that are telling her to “kill your doctor.” Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
Answer
  • Use therapeutic communication to discuss the hallucination with the client.
  • Initiate one‑to‑one observation of the client.
  • Focus the client on reality.
  • Notify the provider of the client’s statement.

Question 73

Question
A nurse is speaking with a client who has schizophrenia when he suddenly seems to stop focusing on the nurse’s questions and begins looking at the ceiling and talking to himself. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Stop the interview at this point and resume later when the client is better able to concentrate.
  • Ask the client, “Are you seeing something on the ceiling?”
  • Tell the client, “you seem to be looking at something on the ceiling. i see something there, too.”
  • Continue the interview without comment on the client’s behavior.

Question 74

Question
a nurse manager is discussing the care of a client who has a personality disorder with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “i can promote my client’s sense of control by establishing a schedule.”
  • “i should encourage clients who have a schizoid personality disorder to increase socialization.”
  • “i should practice limit‑setting to help prevent client manipulation.”
  • “i should implement assertiveness training with clients who have antisocial personality disorder.”

Question 75

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has avoidant personality disorder. Which of the following statements is expected from a client who has this type of personality disorder?
Answer
  • “i’m scared that you’re going to leave me.”
  • “i’ll go to group therapy if you’ll let me smoke.”
  • “i need to feel that everyone admires me.”
  • “i sometimes feel better if i cut myself.”

Question 76

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has borderline personality disorder. the client says, “the nurse on the evening shift is always nice! you are the meanest nurse ever!” the nurse should recognize the client’s statement as an example of which of the following defense mechanisms?
Answer
  • regression
  • splitting
  • undoing
  • identification

Question 77

Question
a nurse is assisting with a court‑ordered evaluation of a client who has antisocial personality disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Demonstrates extreme anxiety when placed in a social situation
  • Has difficulty making even simple decisions
  • Attempts to convince other clients to give him their belongings
  • Becomes agitated if his personal area is not neat and orderly
  • Blames others for his past and current problems

Question 78

Question
a charge nurse is preparing a staff education session on personality disorders. Which of the following personality characteristics associated with all of the personality disorders should the charge nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Difficulty in getting along with other members of a group
  • Belief in the ability to become invisible during times of stress
  • Display of defense mechanisms when routines are changed
  • Claiming to be more important than other persons
  • Difficulty understanding why it is inappropriate to have a personal relationship with staff

Question 79

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who has early stage Alzheimer’s disease and a new prescription for Donepezil. the nurse should include which of the following statements when teaching the client about the medication?
Answer
  • “You should avoid taking over‑the‑counter acetaminophen while on donepezil.”
  • “You can expect the progression of cognitive decline to slow with donepezil.”
  • “You will be screened for underlying kidney disease prior to starting donepezil.”
  • “You should stop taking donepezil if you experience nausea or diarrhea.”

Question 80

Question
A nurse in a long‑term care facility is caring for a client who has major neurocognitive disorder and attempts to wander out of the building. the client states, “i have to get home.” Which of the following statements should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “You have forgotten that this is your home.”
  • “You cannot go outside without a staff member.”
  • “Why would you want to leave? Aren’t you happy with your care?”
  • “i am your nurse. Let’s walk together to your room.”

Question 81

Question
A home health nurse is making a visit to a client who has Alzheimer’s disease to assess the home for safety. Which of the following suggestions should the nurse make to decrease the client’s risk for injury? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Install childproof door locks.
  • Place rugs over electrical cords.
  • Mark cleaning supplies with colored tape.
  • Place the client’s mattress on the floor.
  • Install light fixtures above stairs.

Question 82

Question
A nurse is making a home visit to a client who is in the late stage of Alzheimer’s disease. the client’s partner, who is the primary caregiver, wishes to discuss concerns about the client’s nutrition and the stress of providing care. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Verify that a current power of attorney document is on file.
  • Instruct the client’s partner to offer finger foods to increase oral intake.
  • Provide information on resources for respite care.
  • Schedule the client for placement of an enteral feeding tube.

Question 83

Question
A nurse is performing an admission assessment for a client who has delirium related to an acute urinary tract infection. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • History of gradual memory loss
  • Family report of personality changes
  • Hallucinations
  • Unaltered level of consciousness
  • Restlessness

Question 84

Question
a nurse is planning a staff education program on substance use in older adults. Which of the following is appropriate for the nurse to include in the presentation?
Answer
  • Older adults require higher doses of a substance to achieve a desired effect.
  • Older adults commonly use rationalization to cope with a substance use disorder.
  • Older adults are at an increased risk for substance use following retirement.
  • Older adults develop substance use to mask manifestations of dementia.

Question 85

Question
a nurse is assessing a client who has alcohol use disorder and is experiencing withdrawal. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Bradycardia
  • Fine tremors of both hands
  • Hypotension
  • Vomiting
  • Restlessness

Question 86

Question
a nurse is planning care for a client who is experiencing Benzodiazepine withdrawal. Which of the following interventions should the nurse identify as the priority?
Answer
  • Orient the client frequently to time, place, and person.
  • Offer fluids and nourishing diet as tolerated.
  • Implement seizure precautions.
  • Encourage participation in group therapy sessions.

Question 87

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has alcohol use disorder. the client is no longer experiencing withdrawal manifestations. Which of the following medications should the nurse anticipate administering to assist the client with maintaining abstinence from alcohol?
Answer
  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • Bupropion
  • Disulfiram
  • Carbamazepine

Question 88

Question
a nurse is providing teaching to the family of a client who has a substance use disorder. Which of the following statements by a family member indicate an understanding of the teaching? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “We need to understand that she is responsible for her disorder.”
  • “Eliminating any codependent behavior will promote her recovery.”
  • “She should participate in an al‑anon group to help her recover.”
  • “The primary goal of her treatment is abstinence from substance use.”
  • “She needs to discuss her feelings about substance use to help her recover.”

Question 89

Question
a nurse is preparing to obtain a nursing history from a client who has a new diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. Which of the following questions should the nurse to include in the assessment? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “What is your relationship like with your family?”
  • “Why do you want to lose weight?”
  • “Would you describe your current eating habits?”
  • “At what weight do you believe you will look better?”
  • “Can you discuss your feelings about your appearance?”

Question 90

Question
a nurse is caring for an adolescent client who has anorexia nervosa with recent rapid weight loss and a current weight of 90 lb. Which of the following statements indicates the client is experiencing the cognitive distortion of catastrophizing?
Answer
  • “Life isn’t worth living if i gain weight.”
  • “Don’t pretend like you don’t know how fat i am.”
  • “If i could be skinny, i know i’d be popular.”
  • “When i look in the mirror, i see myself as obese.”

Question 91

Question
a nurse is performing an admission assessment of a client who has bulimia nervosa with purging behavior. Which of the following is an expected finding? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Amenorrhea
  • Hypokalemia
  • Mottling of the skin
  • Slightly elevated body weight
  • Presence of lanugo on the face

Question 92

Question
a nurse on an acute care unit is planning care for a client who has anorexia nervosa with binge‑eating and purging behavior. Which of the following nursing actions should the nurse include in the client’s plan of care?
Answer
  • Allow the client to select preferred meal times.
  • Establish consequences for purging behavior.
  • Provide the client with a high‑fat diet at the start of treatment.
  • Implement one‑to‑one observation during meal times,

Question 93

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has bulimia nervosa and has stopped purging behavior. the client tells the nurse that she is afraid she is going to gain weight. Which of the following response should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “Many clients are concerned about their weight. However, the dietitian will ensure that you don’t get too many calories in your diet.”
  • “Instead of worrying about your weight, try to focus on other problems at this time.”
  • “I understand you have concerns about your weight, but first, let’s talk about your recent accomplishments.”
  • “You are not overweight, and the staff will ensure that you do not gain weight while you are in the hospital. We know that is important to you.”

Question 94

Question
a nurse is discussing the risk factors for somatic symptom disorder with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following risk factors should the nurse include? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Age older than 65 years
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Female gender
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Obesity

Question 95

Question
a nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has conversion disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as placing the client at risk for conversion disorder?
Answer
  • Death of a child 2 months ago
  • Recent weight loss of 30 lb
  • Retirement 1 year ago
  • History of migraine headaches

Question 96

Question
a nurse is assessing a client who has illness anxiety disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Obsessive thoughts about disease
  • History of childhood abuse
  • Avoidance of health care providers
  • Depressive disorder
  • Narcissistic personality

Question 97

Question
a nurse is developing a plan of care for a client who has conversion disorder. Which of the following actions should the nurse include?
Answer
  • Encourage the client to spend time alone in his room.
  • Monitor the client for self‑harm once per day.
  • Allow the client unlimited time to discuss physical manifestations.
  • Discuss alternative coping strategies with the client.

Question 98

Question
a nurse is counseling a client who has factitious disorder imposed on another. Which of the following client statements should the nurse expect?
Answer
  • “I had to pretend i was injured in order to get disability benefits.”
  • “I know that my abdominal pain is caused by a malignant tumor.”
  • “I needed to make my son sick so that someone else would take care of him for a while.”
  • “I became deaf when i heard that my husband was having an affair with my best friend.”

Question 99

Question
a nurse working in a mental health clinic is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for Diazepam for generalized anxiety disorder. Which of the following information should the nurse provide?
Answer
  • three to six weeks of treatment is required to achieve therapeutic benefit.
  • combining alcohol with diazepam will produce a paradoxical response.
  • diazepam has a lower risk for dependence than other antianxiety medications.
  • report confusion as a potential indication of toxicity

Question 100

Question
a nurse working in an emergency department is caring for a client who has benzodiazepine toxicity due to an overdose. Which of the following actions is the nurse’s priority?
Answer
  • Administer Flumazenil.
  • Identify the client’s level of orientation.
  • Infuse IV fluids.
  • Prepare the client for gastric lavage.

Question 101

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is to begin taking Fluoxetine for treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Which of the following statements indicates the client understands the use of this medication?
Answer
  • “I will take the medication at bedtime.”
  • “I will follow a low‑sodium diet while taking this medication.”
  • “I will need to discontinue this medication slowly.”
  • "I will be at risk for weight loss with long‑term use of this medication.”

Question 102

Question
a nurse is assessing a client 4 hr after receiving an initial dose of fluoxetine Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider as indications of serotonin syndrome? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Hypothermia
  • Hallucinations
  • Muscular flaccidity
  • Diaphoresis
  • Agitation

Question 103

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who takes paroxetine to treat posttraumatic stress disorder. the client states that he grinds his teeth during the night, which causes pain in his mouth. the nurse should identify which of the following interventions as possible measures to manage the client’s bruxism? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • concurrent administration of buspirone
  • administration of a different SSRI
  • use of a mouth guard
  • changing to a different class of antianxiety medication
  • increasing the dose of paroxetine

Question 104

Question
a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for amitriptyline. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “While taking this medication, i’ll need to stay out of the sun to avoid a skin rash.”
  • “I may feel drowsy for a few weeks after starting this medication.”
  • “I cannot eat my favorite pizza with pepperoni while taking this medication.”
  • “This medication will help me lose the weight that i have gained over the last year.”

Question 105

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is taking phenelzine for which of the following adverse effects should the nurse monitor? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Elevated blood glucose level
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Priapism
  • Headache
  • Bruxism

Question 106

Question
a nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has a new prescription for bupropion for depression. Which of the following findings is the priority for the nurse to report to the provider?
Answer
  • the client has a family history of seasonal pattern depression.
  • the client currently smokes 1.5 packs of cigarettes per day.
  • the client had a motor vehicle crash last year and sustained a head injury.
  • the client has a BMI of 25 and has gained 10 lb over the last year.

Question 107

Question
a nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription for imipramine how to minimize anticholinergic effects. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Void just before taking the medication.
  • Increase the dietary intake of potassium.
  • Wear sunglasses when outside.
  • Change positions slowly when getting up.
  • Chew sugarless gum.

Question 108

Question
a charge nurse is discussing mirtazapine with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates understanding?
Answer
  • “This medication increases the release of serotonin and norepinephrine.”
  • “I will need to monitor the client for hyponatremia while taking this medication.”
  • “This medication is contraindicated for clients who have an eating disorder.”
  • “Sexual dysfunction is a common adverse effect of this medication.”

Question 109

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is prescribed lithium therapy. the client states that he wants to take ibuprofen for osteoarthritis pain relief. Which of the following statements should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “That is a good choice. ibuprofen does not interact with lithium.”
  • “Regular aspirin would be a better choice than ibuprofen.”
  • “Lithium decreases the effectiveness of ibuprofen.”
  • “The ibuprofen will make your lithium level fall too low.”

Question 110

Question
a nurse is discussing early indications of toxicity with a client who has a new prescription for lithium carbonate for bipolar disorder. the nurse should include which of the following manifestations in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • constipation
  • polyuria
  • rash
  • muscle weakness
  • tinnitus

Question 111

Question
a nurse is discussing routine follow‑up needs with a client who has a new prescription for valproate. the nurse should inform the client of the need for routine monitoring of which of the following?
Answer
  • AST/ALT and LDH
  • Creatinine and BUN
  • WBC and granulocyte counts
  • Serum sodium and potassium

Question 112

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing extreme mania due to bipolar disorder. prior to administration of lithium carbonate, the client’s lithium blood level is 1.2 mEq/l. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Administer the next dose of lithium carbonate as scheduled.
  • Prepare for administration of aminophylline.
  • Notify the provider for a possible increase in the dosage of lithium carbonate.
  • Request a stat repeat of the client’s lithium blood level.

Question 113

Question
a nurse is admitting a client who has a new diagnosis of bipolar disorder and is scheduled to begin lithium therapy. When collecting a medical history from the client’s adult daughter, which of the following statements is the priority to report to the provider?
Answer
  • “My mother has diabetes that is controlled by her diet.”
  • “My mother recently completed a course of prednisone for acute bronchitis.”
  • My mother received her flu vaccine last month.”
  • “My mother is currently on furosemide for her congestive heart failure.”

Question 114

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who has schizophrenia and exhibits a lack of grooming and a flat affect. the nurse should anticipate a prescription of which of the following medications?
Answer
  • chlorpromazine
  • thiothixene
  • risperidone
  • haloperidol

Question 115

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who takes ziprasidone. the client reports difficulty swallowing the oral medication and becomes extremely agitated with injectable administration. the nurse should contact the provider to discuss a change to which of the following medications? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Olanzapine
  • Quetiapine
  • Aripiprazole
  • Clozapine
  • Asenapine

Question 116

Question
a charge nurse is discussing manifestations of schizophrenia with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following manifestations should the charge nurse identify as being effectively treated by first‑generation antipsychotics? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • auditory hallucinations
  • withdrawal from social situations
  • delusions of grandeur
  • severe agitation
  • anhedonia

Question 117

Question
a nurse is assessing a client who is currently taking perphenazine. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an extrapyramidal symptom (EPS)? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • decreased level of consciousness
  • drooling
  • involuntary arm movements
  • urinary retention
  • continual pacing

Question 118

Question
a nurse is providing discharge teaching for a client who has schizophrenia and a new prescription for iloperidone. Which of the following client statements indicates understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “I will be able to stop taking this medication as soon as i feel better.”
  • “If i feel drowsy during the day, i will stop taking this medication and call my provider.”
  • “I will be careful not to gain too much weight while taking this medication.”
  • “This medication is highly addictive and must be withdrawn slowly.”

Question 119

Question
a nurse is teaching the parents of a child who has autism spectrum disorder and a new prescription for imipramine about indications of toxicity. Which of the following should the nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • seizures
  • agitation
  • photophobia
  • dry mouth
  • irregular pulse

Question 120

Question
a nurse is providing teaching to an adolescent client who has a new prescription for clomipramine for OCD. Which of the following information should the nurse provide?
Answer
  • eat a diet high in fiber.
  • check temperature daily.
  • take medication first thing in the morning before eating.
  • add extra calories to the diet as between‑meal snacks.

Question 121

Question
a nurse is providing teaching to an adolescent client who is to begin taking atomoxetine for ADHD. the nurse should instruct the client to monitor for which of the following adverse effects? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • somnolence
  • yellowing skin
  • increased appetite
  • fever
  • malaise

Question 122

Question
a nurse is caring for a school age child who has conduct disorder and a new prescription for methylphenidate transdermal patches. Which of the following information should the nurse provide about the medication?
Answer
  • Apply the patch once daily at bedtime.
  • Place the patch carefully in a trash can after removal.
  • Apply the transdermal patch to the anterior waist area.
  • Remove the patch each day after 9 hr.

Question 123

Question
a nurse is teaching a client who has intermittent explosive disorder about a new prescription for fluoxetine. Which of the following information should the nurse provide? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • An adverse effect of this medication is CNS depression.
  • Administer the medication in the morning.
  • Monitor for weight loss while taking this medication.
  • Therapeutic effects of this medication will take 1 to 3 weeks to fully develop.
  • This medication blocks the blocking the synaptic reuptake of serotonin in the brain.

Question 124

Question
a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has alcohol use disorder and a new prescription for carbamazepine. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching?
Answer
  • “This medication will help prevent seizures during alcohol withdrawal.”
  • “Taking this medication will decrease your cravings for alcohol.”
  • “This medication maintains your blood pressure at a normal level during alcohol withdrawal.”
  • “Taking this medication will improve your ability to maintain abstinence from alcohol.”

Question 125

Question
a nurse is assisting in the discharge planning for a client following alcohol detoxification. the nurse should anticipate prescriptions for which of the following medications to promote long‑term abstinence from alcohol? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • lorazepam
  • diazepam
  • disulfiram
  • naltrexone
  • acamprosate

Question 126

Question
a nurse is evaluating a client's understanding of a new prescription for clonidine for the treatment of opioid use disorder. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “Taking this medication will help reduce my craving for heroin.”
  • “While taking this medication, i should keep a pack of sugarless gum.”
  • “I can expect some diarrhea from taking this medicine.”
  • “Each dose of this medication should be placed under my tongue to dissolve.”

Question 127

Question
a nurse is teaching a client who has tobacco use disorder about the use of nicotine gum. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching?
Answer
  • chew the gum for no more than 10 min.
  • rinse out the mouth immediately before chewing the gum.
  • avoid eating 15 min prior to chewing the gum.
  • use of the gum is limited to 90 days.

Question 128

Question
a nurse is discussing the use of methadone with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “Methadone is a replacement for physical dependence to opioids.”
  • “Methadone reduces the unpleasant effects associated with abstinence syndrome.”
  • “Methadone can be used during opioid withdrawal and to maintain abstinence.”
  • “Methadone increases the risk for acetaldehyde syndrome.”
  • “Methadone must be prescribed and dispensed by an approved treatment center.”

Question 129

Question
a charge nurse is reviewing Kübler‑Ross: five stages of grief with a group of newly licensed nurses. Which of the following stages should the charge nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Disequilibrium
  • Denial
  • Bargaining
  • Anger
  • Depression

Question 130

Question
a nurse is working with a client who has recently lost his mother. the nurse recognizes that which of the following factors influence a client’s grief and coping ability? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Interpersonal relationships
  • Culture
  • Birth order
  • Religious beliefs
  • Prior experience with loss

Question 131

Question
a nurse is discussing normal grief with a client who recently lost a child. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates understanding? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “I may experience feelings of resentment.”
  • “I will probably withdraw from others.”
  • “I can expect to experience changes in sleep.”
  • “It is possible that i will experience suicidal thoughts.”
  • “It is expected that i will have a loss of self‑esteem.”

Question 132

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who lost his mother to cancer last month. the client states, “I’d still have my mother if the doctor would have diagnosed her sooner.” Which of the following responses should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “You sound angry. Anger is a normal feeling associated with loss.”
  • “I think you would feel better if you talked about your feelings with a support group.”
  • “I understand just how you feel. I felt the same when my mother died.”
  • “Do other members of your family also feel this way?”

Question 133

Question
a nurse is assisting the parents of a school‑age child who has oppositional defiant disorder in identifying strategies to promote positive behavior. Which of the following is an appropriate strategy for the nurse to recommend? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Allow the child to choose consequences for negative behavior.
  • Use role‑playing to act out unacceptable behavior.
  • Develop a reward system for acceptable behavior.
  • Encourage the child to participate in school sports.
  • Be consistent when addressing unacceptable behavior.

Question 134

Question
a nurse is performing an admission assessment on an adolescent client who has depression. Which of the following manifestations should the nurse expect? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • fear of being alone
  • substance use
  • Weight gain
  • Irritability
  • aggressiveness

Question 135

Question
a nurse is obtaining a health history from the parents of a 12‑year‑old client who has conduct disorder. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • bullying of others
  • threats of suicide
  • law‑breaking activities
  • narcissistic behavior
  • flat affect

Question 136

Question
a nurse in a pediatric clinic is caring for a preschool‑age child who has a new diagnosis of ADHD. When teaching the parent about this disorder, which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching?
Answer
  • “Behaviors associated with ADHD are present prior to age 3.”
  • “This disorder is characterized by argumentativeness.”
  • “Below‑average intellectual functioning is associated with ADHD.”
  • “Because of this disorder, your child is at an increased risk for injury.”

Question 137

Question
a nurse is assessing a 4‑year‑old child for indications of autism spectrum disorder. for which of the following manifestations should the nurse assess?
Answer
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Repetitive counting
  • Destructiveness
  • Somatic problems

Question 138

Question
a nurse is conducting chart reviews of multiple clients at a community mental health facility. Which of the following events is an example of client experiencing a maturational crisis?
Answer
  • Rape
  • Marriage
  • Severe physical illness
  • Job loss

Question 139

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing a crisis. Which of the following medications might the provider prescribe? (select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Lithium carbonate
  • Paroxetine
  • Risperidone
  • Haloperidol
  • Lorazepam

Question 140

Question
A nurse is assessing a client who has major depressive disorder. The nurse should identify which of the following client statements as an overt comment about suicide? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • “My family will be better off if i’m dead.”
  • “The stress in my life is too much to handle.”
  • “I wish my life was over.”
  • “I don’t feel like i can ever be happy again.”
  • “If i kill myself then my problems will go away.”

Question 141

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who states, “I plan to commit suicide.” Which of the following assessments should the nurse identify as the priority?
Answer
  • Client’s educational and economic background
  • Lethality of the method and availability of means
  • Quality of the client’s social support
  • Client’s insight into the reasons for the decision

Question 142

Question
a nurse is assisting with the development of protocols to address the increasing number of suicide attempts in the community. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include as a primary intervention? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • conducting a suicide risk screening on all new clients
  • creating a support group for family members of clients who completed suicide
  • educating high school teens about suicide prevention
  • initiating one‑on‑one observation for a client who has current suicidal ideation
  • teaching middle‑school educators about warning indicators of suicide

Question 143

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who is on suicide precautions. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care?
Answer
  • Assign the client to a private room.
  • Document the client’s behavior every hour.
  • Allow the client to keep perfume in her room.
  • Ensure that the client swallows medication.

Question 144

Question
A nurse is conducting a class for a group of newly licensed nurses on caring for clients who are at risk for suicide. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching?
Answer
  • A client’s verbal threat of suicide is attention‑seeking behavior.
  • Interventions are ineffective for clients who really want to commit suicide.
  • Using the term suicide increases the client’s risk for a suicide attempt.
  • A no‑suicide contract decreases the client’s risk for suicide.

Question 145

Question
A nurse is conducting group therapy with a group of clients. Which of the following statements made by a client is an example of aggressive communication?
Answer
  • “I wish you would not make me angry.”
  • “I feel angry when you leave me.”
  • “It makes me angry when you interrupt me.”
  • “You’d better listen to me.”

Question 146

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who is speaking in a loud voice with clenched fists. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?
Answer
  • Insist that the client stop yelling.
  • Request that other staff members remain close by.
  • Move as close to the client as possible.
  • Walk away from the client.

Question 147

Question
a nurse is assessing a client in an inpatient mental health unit. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect if the client is in the preassaultive stage of violence? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Lethargy
  • Defensive responses to questions
  • Disorientation
  • Facial grimacing
  • Agitation

Question 148

Question
A nurse is caring for a client in an inpatient mental health facility who gets up from a chair and throws it across the day room. Which of the following is the priority nursing action?
Answer
  • Encourage the client to express her feelings.
  • Maintain eye contact with the client.
  • Move the client away from others.
  • Tell the client that the behavior is not acceptable.

Question 149

Question
A nurse is caring for a client who is screaming at staff members and other clients. Which of the following is a therapeutic response by the nurse to the client?
Answer
  • “Stop screaming, and walk with me outside.”
  • “Why are you so angry and screaming at everyone?”
  • “You will not get your way by screaming.”
  • “What was going through your mind when you started screaming?"

Question 150

Question
a charge nurse is leading a peer group discussion about family and community violence. Which of the following statements by a member of the group indicates an understanding of teaching?
Answer
  • “Children older than 3 are at greater risk for abuse”
  • “Substance use disorder does not increase the risk for violence.”
  • “Entering an intimate relationship increases the risk for violence.”
  • “Pregnancy increases the risk for violence toward the intimate partner.”

Question 151

Question
a nurse is preparing to assess an infant who has shaken baby syndrome. Which of the following is an expected finding? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Sunken fontanels
  • Respiratory distress
  • Retinal hemorrhage
  • Altered level of consciousness
  • Increase in head circumference

Question 152

Question
a nurse working in an emergency department is assessing a preschool‑age child who reports abdominal pain. When conducting a head‑to‑toe assessment, which of the following findings should alert the nurse to possible abuse? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • abrasions on knees
  • round burn marks on forearms
  • mismatched clothing
  • abdominal rebound tenderness
  • areas of ecchymosis on torso

Question 153

Question
a nurse is preparing a community education seminar about family violence. When discussing types of violence, the nurse should include which of the following?
Answer
  • Refusing to pay bills for a dependent, even when funds are available, is neglect.
  • Intentionally causing an older adult to fall is an example of physical violence.
  • Striking an intimate partner is an example of sexual violence.
  • Failure to provide a stimulating environment for normal development is emotional abuse.

Question 154

Question
a nurse is caring for an adult client who has injuries resulting from intimate partner abuse. the client does not wish to report the violence to law enforcement authorities. Which of the following nursing actions is the highest priority?
Answer
  • advise the client about the location of women’s shelters.
  • encourage the client to participate in a support group for survivors of abuse.
  • implement case management to coordinate community and social services.
  • educate the client about the use of stress management techniques.

Question 155

Question
a nurse is discussing silent rape reaction with a newly licensed nurse. the nurse should identify which of the following characteristics as expected for this type of reaction? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Sudden development of phobias
  • Development of substance use disorder
  • Increased level of anxiety during interview
  • Reactivation of a prior physical disorder
  • Unwillingness to discuss the sexual assault

Question 156

Question
a nurse is assessing a client who experienced sexual assault. Which of the following findings indicate the client is experiencing an emotional reaction of rape‑trauma syndrome? (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Genitourinary soreness
  • Difficulties with low self‑esteem
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Difficulty making decisions

Question 157

Question
a nurse is discussing the care of a client following a sexual assault with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of teaching?
Answer
  • “I will administer prophylactic treatment for sexually transmitted infections, like chlamydia.”
  • “I am not required to obtain informed consent before the sexual assault nurse examiner collects forensic evidence.”
  • “I can expect manifestations of rape‑trauma syndrome to be similar to bipolar disorder.”
  • “I should use narrative documentation when documenting subjective data.”

Question 158

Question
a nurse is caring for a client who was recently raped. the client states, “I never should have been out on the street alone at night.” Which of the following responses should the nurse make?
Answer
  • “Your actions had nothing to do with what happened.”
  • “You should focus on recovery rather than blaming yourself for what happened.”
  • “You believe this wouldn’t have happened if you hadn’t been out alone?”
  • “Why do feel that you should not have been alone on the street at night?”

Question 159

Question
a community health nurse is leading a discussion about rape with a neighborhood task force. Which of the following statements by a neighborhood citizen indicates an understanding of the teaching?
Answer
  • “Rape is a crime of passion.”
  • “Acquaintance rape often involves alcohol.”
  • “Young adults are the typical victims of sexual assault.”
  • “The majority of rapists are unknown to the victims.”
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