Toxicology MCQs- 3rd Year- PMU

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Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
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Toxicology MCQs- 3rd Year- PMU
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Question 1

Question
Anexate is a specific antidote fer acute poisoning with
Answer
  • barbiturates
  • benzodiazepines
  • antidepressants
  • neuroleptics

Question 2

Question
Please select the specific antidote linked to acute poisoning with benzodiazapines
Answer
  • naloxon
  • activated charcoal
  • annexate
  • syntostigmin

Question 3

Question
The lethal dose of paracetamol per os is
Answer
  • 5gr
  • 10gr
  • 15gr
  • 20gr

Question 4

Question
What is the antidote for acute poisoning with paracetamol
Answer
  • Naloxon
  • Syntostigmin
  • Anexate
  • N-acetylcysteine

Question 5

Question
N-acetylcysteine is an antidote for acute poisoning from
Answer
  • non steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
  • salicylates
  • paracetamol

Question 6

Question
The lethal single dose of acetylsalicyl acid is
Answer
  • 3-5 gr.
  • 5-10 gr.
  • 10-40 gr.
  • 40-100 gr.

Question 7

Question
IN case of an intoxication with phosphororganic pesticides usually there is a change in the levels of
Answer
  • Hb
  • Cholinesterase
  • Blood sugar

Question 8

Question
Acute poisoning during fires is usually due to
Answer
  • CO
  • Proton pump
  • Sulfur oxydes

Question 9

Question
Hypoxia after intoxication with CO is usually due to
Answer
  • formation of metHb
  • formation of COHb
  • damage to the lungs

Question 10

Question
Forced diruseis is among the methods used for treatment of intoxications with
Answer
  • substances the metabolize in the liver
  • barbiturates, alchohols, salicylates
  • chlore based gases

Question 11

Question
Toxicokinetics includes
Answer
  • resorbtion, distribution, bio-transformation and excretion of the poison
  • toxic impact and method of impact of the poison to the human body
  • effective medical intervention

Question 12

Question
Toxicodynamics includes
Answer
  • toxic influence of the poison on the human body
  • resorbtion, distibution, bio-transformation and excretion of the poison
  • effective medical intervention and possibility for positive results

Question 13

Question
Please select the antidote used for the treatment of acute poisoning with phosphororganic pesticides
Answer
  • Hydroxycobalmin
  • Atropine
  • Dopamine
  • Toxogonin

Question 14

Question
The presence of Ca oxylates in the urine following acute poisoning is a laboratory sign, characterizing intoxications with
Answer
  • ethyl alchohol
  • methyl alchohol
  • ethylene glycol
  • acetaminophen

Question 15

Question
Acute renal failure can be developed following acute poisoning with
Answer
  • paracetamol
  • methyl alchohol
  • ethylene glycol
  • salicylates

Question 16

Question
Point out the specific antidotes for acute poisoning with a) Opiates- [blank_start]Naloxone[blank_end] b) Benzodiazepines- [blank_start]Flumazenil[blank_end] c) Phosphororganic pesticides- [blank_start]Atropine[blank_end] d) Methanol- 4-[blank_start]methylpyrazole[blank_end] e) Ethylene Glycol- [blank_start]Ethanol[blank_end] f) Acetaminophen- N-[blank_start]acetylcysteine[blank_end] g) Snakes- [blank_start]Antivenom[blank_end]
Answer
  • Naloxone
  • Flumazenil
  • Atropine
  • methylpyrazole
  • Ethanol
  • acetylcysteine
  • Antivenom

Question 17

Question
The most common symptom of opium drug poisoning is
Answer
  • myosis
  • bradypnea
  • apnea
  • unconciousness

Question 18

Question
Please select the specific antidote for opium drugs
Answer
  • Flumazenil
  • Naloxone
  • Atropine

Question 19

Question
Which organ of the human body usually gets damage after intoxication with paracetamol
Answer
  • myocardium
  • liver
  • lungs

Question 20

Question
Please select the specific antidote for acute poisoning with Benzodiazepine
Answer
  • Naloxone
  • Flumanezil
  • Anexate

Question 21

Question
How many ml of pure ethyl alchohol can be oxidised by an adult for one hour?
Answer
  • 50ml
  • 25ml
  • 10ml

Question 22

Question
In case of ethanolemia over 6 promils which is the recommended treatment?
Answer
  • hemodialysis
  • heamoperfusion
  • forced dirusis

Question 23

Question
Which is the typical disruption caused by intoxication with methanol
Answer
  • loss of sight
  • metabolic acidosis
  • unconciousness

Question 24

Question
Which is the antidote that can be used both for methanol and ethylene glycol
Answer
  • 4-methylpyrazol
  • ethanol
  • alchoholdehydrogenasis inhibitors

Question 25

Question
When do the first symptoms of amanito-faloid intoxication appear?
Answer
  • Immediately after ingesting the mushrooms
  • In the first 6 hours after ingestion
  • Between 6 and 48 hours after ingestion

Question 26

Question
Which are the early laboratory warning signs in case of an amamito-faloid intoxication
Answer
  • lower level of Hb
  • increasing levels of ASAT and ALAT
  • increasing level of creatinine

Question 27

Question
For now poisoning with opium drugs, the following "triad" in most common
Answer
  • mydriasis, tachypnca, unconsciousness
  • myosis, bradypnea, unconsciousness
  • mydriasis, bradydypnea, unconsciousness
  • myosis, tachypnea, unconsciousness

Question 28

Question
The most important criteria determining If a patient reacts positively to Naloxone
Answer
  • the recovery of consciousness
  • the size of the pupils
  • the frequency of breathing
  • the heart rate

Question 29

Question
Ethanol is a specific antidote for acute poisoning with:
Answer
  • Ethylene glycol
  • Methanol
  • K permanganate
  • Na bicarbonate
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