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0654 Nutrition in Animals Quiz

Description

Quiz for 0654 Coordinates Sciences on animal nutrition.
Jeffrey Piggott
Quiz by Jeffrey Piggott, updated more than 1 year ago
Jeffrey Piggott
Created by Jeffrey Piggott over 3 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which type of food is not digested before being absorbed by the body?
Answer
  • A carbohydrate
  • B fat
  • C protein
  • D water

Question 2

Question
The diagram shows the human alimentary canal. In which structure is most glucose absorbed into the blood?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 3

Question
Which dietary component is unlikely to be deficient in a meat-free diet?
Answer
  • A fat
  • B fibre
  • C protein
  • D vitamin D

Question 4

Question
The bacterium Salmonella enterica can cause severe food poisoning and the lining of the alimentary canal may be damaged. In these cases absorption of digested food products cannot easily take place. Which region of the alimentary canal is most affected?
Answer
  • A colon
  • B ileum
  • C oesophagus
  • D stomach

Question 5

Question
The diagram shows some of the organs of the human body. In which organs does the digestion of proteins take place?
Answer
  • A P and Q
  • B P and R
  • C Q and R
  • D Q and S

Question 6

Question
Which organ produces amylase?
Answer
  • A gall bladder
  • B liver
  • C oesophagus
  • D pancreas

Question 7

Question
Which treatment is best for a person with persistent diarrhoea?
Answer
  • A drinking a solution of sugar and salt
  • B drinking pure water
  • C eating more fibre
  • D eating protein such as boiled eggs

Question 8

Question
The diagram shows a large food molecule changing into smaller molecules. What is process X?
Answer
  • A absorption
  • B chewing
  • C digestion
  • D secretion

Question 9

Question
The diagram shows part of the alimentary canal and associated organs. Which structures secrete enzymes that digest proteins?
Answer
  • A T and U
  • B U and V
  • C V and W
  • D W and T

Question 10

Question
The graph shows pH changes in the mouth after eating. Why is it a good idea to brush teeth after eating?
Answer
  • A Acidic conditions help bacteria to grow.
  • B Acids dissolve tooth enamel.
  • C Alkaline conditions help bacteria to grow.
  • D Alkalis dissolve tooth enamel.

Question 11

Question
The diagram shows a piece of small intestine during peristalsis. What is happening at X
Answer
  • A circular muscles: contracted; longitudinal muscles: contracted
  • B circular muscles: contracted; longitudinal muscles: relaxed
  • C circular muscles: relaxed; longitudinal muscles: contracted
  • D circular muscles: relaxed; longitudinal muscles: relaxed

Question 12

Question
The diagram shows the human alimentary canal. Which structure does not secrete digestive enzymes?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 13

Question
 Which substance catalyses the breakdown of fats to fatty acids and glycerol?
Answer
  • A adrenaline
  • B alcohol
  • C bile
  • D lipase

Question 14

Question
Poor nutrition can lead to a condition called rickets in which bones fail to develop properly. The table shows some minerals and vitamins present in four foods. Which food would be best for a child who has rickets?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 15

Question
Which components make up most of the dry mass of a balanced diet?
Answer
  • A calcium compounds, carbohydrates and fats
  • B carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  • C fats, proteins and vitamins
  • D proteins, vitamins and calcium compounds

Question 16

Question
Why does chewing food speed up digestion?
Answer
  • A Bacteria in the food are killed.
  • B Food is mixed with protease.
  • C The surface area of the food is increased.
  • D The taste of food is improved.

Question 17

Question
The diagram shows part of the human alimentary canal. In which part does protein digestion begin?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 18

Question
A person ate food X. Food X was not affected by enzymes until it reached the duodenum. What was in food X?
Answer
  • A fat
  • B mineral ion
  • C protein
  • D starch

Question 19

Question
The diagram shows the teeth of the lower jaw of a human. Which tooth is an incisor?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 20

Question
What is the function of the anus?
Answer
  • A assimilation
  • B digestion
  • C egestion
  • D excretion

Question 21

Question
A person has their gall bladder removed. Which statement is correct?
Answer
  • A They cannot eat carbohydrates.
  • B They can eat fat only in small amounts.
  • C They can eat only liquid food.
  • D They must not eat more than one large meal a day.

Question 22

Question
The small intestines of cows are similar in general structure and function to the small intestines of humans. A disease in cows reduces the number of villi in their small intestines. The cows lose weight and become weak. What explains this?
Answer
  • A less amylase produced
  • B less peristalsis
  • C slower absorption of nutrients
  • D slower digestion of proteins

Question 23

Question
The diagram shows the four types of human tooth. Which teeth are used for cutting rather than grinding food?
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 2 and 3
  • C 3 and 4
  • D 4 and 1
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