HIST 7A Chapter 5 The American Revolution

Catherine Ross
Quiz by Catherine Ross, updated more than 1 year ago
Catherine Ross
Created by Catherine Ross over 2 years ago
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Chapter 5 The American Revolution

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense is an important work because it
Answer
  • supported the concept of the English constitution.
  • helped Americans reconcile their differences with England.
  • argued that William Pitt could be reasonably dealt with.
  • argued that Parliament, not the king, was the enemy.
  • persuaded Americans that no reconciliation with Britain was possible.

Question 2

Question
The Declaration of Independence stated that governments were formed to
Answer
  • promote democracy.
  • give men an opportunity to exert power.
  • control every aspect of human thought and action.
  • reward loyal servants of the state.
  • protect a person’s life, freedom, and right to pursue happiness.

Question 3

Question
After the initial surge of patriotism, American troops
Answer
  • came from both conscription and payment of bounties.
  • came primarily from volunteers.
  • immediately came under the control of the federal government.
  • were primarily paid substitutes.
  • increasingly were composed of friendly Indians and freed slaves.

Question 4

Question
Most of America’s war materials came from
Answer
  • the Springfield armory.
  • foreign aid.
  • the seizure of British forts and the surrender of British armies.
  • American manufacturers.
  • the capture of supply ships by American privateers.

Question 5

Question
Britain enjoyed all of the following advantages in the Revolution EXCEPT
Answer
  • a coherent structure of command.
  • superior industrial resources.
  • None of the answers is correct; all were British advantages.
  • greater commitment to the conflict.
  • the greatest navy and the best-equipped army in the world.

Question 6

Question
Congress financed the Revolution by
Answer
  • selling bonds.
  • taxing the wealthy.
  • borrowing from other nations.
  • printing paper money.
  • minting gold and silver coins.

Question 7

Question
The choice of George Washington as commander in chief was a good one because of his
Answer
  • successful military experience in the Great War for the Empire.
  • Masonic connections with European grand lodges.
  • image among the people, who trusted and respected him.
  • knowledge of military affairs.
  • relaxed, informal way with his men.

Question 8

Question
After 1777, the British decided to focus their efforts in the South because
Answer
  • they had more Indian allies there.
  • they believed there were more Loyalists there.
  • they thought slaves would help them.
  • there was less population there.
  • they believed the terrain to be more favorable to conventional tactics.

Question 9

Question
During the Revolution, women took on new responsibilities. After the war,
Answer
  • women became leading educators.
  • things generally went back to the way they were before, and few concrete reforms occurred in the status of women.
  • women were able to translate wartime gains into peacetime reforms.
  • women were recognized and honored for their contributions with new careers.
  • women gained the right to vote in most northern colonies.

Question 10

Question
When the fighting began, most Americans wanted the colonies to be independent from Great Britain.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
The rebelling colonies had the advantages of local knowledge and commitment.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
The British lacked the resources to conduct a war on the American continent.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
At least one-fifth, and maybe as many as one-third, of the American colonists were loyal to Britain during the Revolution.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Native Americans were pleased with the outcome of the Revolution because it reduced the desire of colonists for western land.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
The Northwest Ordinance laid out the requirements for western territories to become states.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
What did most Americans initially believe they were fighting for?
Answer
  • political independence
  • freedom and liberty
  • a remedy of grievances
  • greater autonomy

Question 17

Question
Where was the colonial army quartered when it suffered through a winter of harsh deprivation?
Answer
  • Trenton
  • New York City
  • Valley Forge
  • Brandywine Creek

Question 18

Question
Washington crossed the Delaware River in order to launch a surprise attack on British forces at what site?
Answer
  • Brandywine Creek
  • Trenton
  • Philadelphia
  • Saratoga

Question 19

Question
Which religious group lost influence in the colonies as a result of the War for Independence?
Answer
  • Presbyterians
  • Baptists
  • Anglicans or Church of England
  • Catholics

Question 20

Question
Whose pacifist worldview labeled them as suspect in the eyes of many revolutionaries?
Answer
  • Anglicans
  • Baptists
  • Catholics
  • Quakers

Question 21

Question
Which of the following are features of the Articles of Confederation?
Answer
  • formed a weak, decentralized union of the states
  • formed a strong, centralzed government
  • granted the new federal government the authority to collect taxes
  • granted the new federal government power to control the states

Question 22

Question
Under the Articles of Confederation, how many states’ votes were needed to approve article amendments?
Answer
  • a majority of state legislatures
  • nine state legislatures
  • all thirteen state legislatures
  • ten state legislatures

Question 23

Question
Under the Articles of Confederation, what body was the only institution with national authority?
Answer
  • the president
  • state legislatures
  • the federal courts
  • congress

Question 24

Question
Which of the following battles was an American victory?
Answer
  • Brandywine Creek
  • Germantown
  • Brooklyn Heights
  • Saratoga

Question 25

Question
In which region did the American army achieve the victories that brought their French allies into the war?
Answer
  • coastal New England
  • eastern Pennsylvania
  • New York City
  • upstate New York

Question 26

Question
The war strategy of which side used guerilla tactics, such as hiding behind tress and hidden snipers to pick off enemy soldiers?
Answer
  • British
  • Patriots

Question 27

Question
Which side captured the ports successfully but lost many battles inland?
Answer
  • Patriots
  • British

Question 28

Question
Two struggles occurred simultaneously during the period that began in 1775. Which would be equated with the War for Independence?
Answer
  • struggle for power within America
  • military war with Britain

Question 29

Question
Two struggles occurred simultaneously during the period that began in 1775. Which would be equated with the American Revolution?
Answer
  • political conflict within America
  • War with Britain

Question 30

Question
Which of the following is NOT part of the American Revolution?
Answer
  • whether or not to settle the land in the Ohio Valley
  • how to structure the new nation being formed
  • questions about the rights of slaves, Indians, and women
  • whether to demand independence from Britain

Question 31

Question
The Declaration of Independence was written primarily by _____________, with help from John Adams and Benjamin Franklin?
Answer
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Monroe

Question 32

Question
The theory that governments were formed to protect "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" came from the Enlightenment theory of
Answer
  • John Locke
  • David Hume
  • Rousseau
  • Benjamin Franklin

Question 33

Question
The Second Continental Congress met in
Answer
  • Trenton
  • Williamsburg
  • New York City
  • Philadelphia

Question 34

Question
George Washington was the commander and chief of the
Answer
  • Continental Army
  • British Overseas Forces
  • Navy of New England
  • Army of Northern Virginia

Question 35

Question
The Declaration of Independence was approved on this date in 1776.
Answer
  • June 16
  • September 11
  • July 4
  • May 1

Question 36

Question
The War for Independence was fought in three distinct phases. First, New England, second mid-Atlantic, and third was
Answer
  • the Southwest
  • the South
  • Florida
  • the West

Question 37

Question
Some of the Iroquois fought on the side of the British in the War for Independence, which resulted in
Answer
  • Iroquois fleeing to Canada after victorious Americans attacked their villages
  • a new higher status for Indians
  • a series of new laws giving land to Indians
  • Iroquois being asked to join the Continental Congress

Question 38

Question
When the War for Independence moved into the last of its three phases,
Answer
  • more colonists became Loyalists
  • the region around the Great Lakes turned Loyalist
  • large numbers of British troops switched sides
  • more colonists became politicized and joined those wanting complete independence from Britain

Question 39

Question
The colonists avoided
Answer
  • inland battles
  • using cannons
  • large open battlefields
  • geurilla tactics

Question 40

Question
General Benedict Arnold
Answer
  • negotiated the treaty to end the War for Independence
  • was a traitor who switched to the British side
  • was replaced by General Cornwallis
  • was a British General who won at Germantown

Question 41

Question
Yorktown, Virginia, was the site of
Answer
  • the first shots of the War for Independence
  • the surrended of the British under General Cornwallis on October 17, 1781
  • the main British outpost from which they commanded all their operations during the war
  • the first successful battle for the Patriots under George Washington

Question 42

Question
The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1783, included all of the following provisions EXCEPT
Answer
  • cession of territory from the southern boundary of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
  • kept the United States on good terms with its ally France
  • complete independence from Britain
  • gave favored status to the Anglican Church, also known as the Church of England

Question 43

Question
During the War for Independence and the Revolutionary War, slaves
Answer
  • fled to Canada or Florida
  • learned of new and exciting ideas of liberty and freedom from slavery
  • saw support for slavery by white Southerners decrease
  • fought on the side of the Patriots in large numbers

Question 44

Question
The new lands now opened up in the Ohio Valley
Answer
  • The new lands now opened up in the Ohio Valley
  • was of little value because it had poor soil and little rainfall
  • took over a century to be settled
  • were quickly settled by white Americans after the war

Question 45

Question
Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the American economy after the War for Independence?
Answer
  • the American economy was devastated for nearly 100 years
  • American merchants developed new trade with the Caribbean, South America, and Asia
  • domestic manufacturing was stimulated
  • Trade increased between American states

Question 46

Question
The first state constitutions
Answer
  • just used the same governing documents as before the War for Independence
  • allowed almost complete popular rul
  • were written down
  • initially had strong executive powers for governors

Question 47

Question
Right after the end of the war, every state but Georgia and South Carolina prohibited
Answer
  • the importation of slaves from abroad
  • trade with France
  • the manufacture of rum
  • all churches except the Anglican Church

Question 48

Question
Under the Articles of Confederation, the federal government was given the authority to do all of the following EXCEPT
Answer
  • conduct wars
  • appropriate, borrow, and issue money
  • foreign relations
  • collect taxes

Question 49

Question
The Ordinance of 1784
Answer
  • divided western lands into territories that could petition the federal government to become states
  • gave land west of the Appalachian Mountains to Indians exclusively
  • became federal land that was not for sale
  • limited the settlement of the Ohio Valley for 100 years

Question 50

Question
Shay's Rebellion was
Answer
  • an uprising of war veterans and impoverished farmers demanding tax and debt relief
  • in Georgia
  • an Indian battle over territory in the Ohio Valley
  • a slave revolt in Virginia
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