Anatomy

أطباء 2020
Quiz by أطباء 2020, updated more than 1 year ago
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Quiz on Anatomy, created by أطباء 2020 on 11/18/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The spinal chord is anchored to the dura matter by :
Answer
  • Coccygeal ligament
  • Ligamentum flavum
  • Anterior longitudenal ligament
  • Denticulate ligament
  • Cauda equina

Question 2

Question
Nerve cell groups in the dorsal grey coloumn of spinal chord include
Answer
  • Intermediomedial group
  • Intermediolateral group
  • Central group
  • Nucleus proprius
  • None of the above

Question 3

Question
Regarding the descending tracts of the spinal cord , select the correct answer
Answer
  • Corticospinal tracts are concerned with skilled movements
  • Vestibulospinal is a crossed tract
  • Rubro-spinal arises from ipsilateral red nucleus
  • Medial reticulospinal tract arises from medulla
  • Olivospinal arises from superior olive

Question 4

Question
Complete section of spinal cord at the level of C6 causes
Answer
  • Death
  • Quadriplegia
  • Hemiplegia
  • Paraplegia
  • Monoplegia

Question 5

Question
Upper motor neuron lesion is characterized by
Answer
  • Hypotonia
  • Marked wasting of muscles
  • Restricted extent of paralysis
  • Absent cremastric and abdominal reflexes
  • Plantar flexion of big toe on scratching the sole

Question 6

Question
Following tracts pass through superior cerebellar peduncle EXCPET
Answer
  • Hypothalamocerebellar
  • Dorsalspinocerebellar
  • Ventralspinocerebellar
  • Tectocerebellar

Question 7

Question
Following tract carries pain sensation
Answer
  • Posterior spinocerebellar
  • Anterior spinocerebellar
  • Lateral spinothalamic
  • Vestibulospinal

Question 8

Question
Lumbar puncture is normally done between
Answer
  • T12 and L1
  • L1 and L2
  • L4 and L5
  • S1 and S2

Question 9

Question
Following tracts pass through inferior cerebellar peduncle EXCPET
Answer
  • posterior spinocerebellar tract
  • Anterior spinocerebellar
  • Posterior external arcuate fibers
  • Vestibulo cerebellar tract

Question 10

Question
Following groups are present in the dorsal horn of spinal cord EXCEPT
Answer
  • SGR
  • Nucleus proprious
  • Clarke's coloumn
  • Phrenic Nucleus

Question 11

Question
the foramen magnum transmits all of the following except ?
Answer
  • dural viens
  • medulla
  • vertebral arteries
  • internal carotid artery

Question 12

Question
Which of the following transmits a nerve branch to the meninges?
Answer
  • Foramen spinosum
  • Foramen Ovale
  • Foramen magnum
  • Mastoid foramen

Question 13

Question
The jugular foramin transmit all th3 following EXCEPT
Answer
  • Vagus N.
  • Accessory N.
  • Sigmoid sinus
  • Sympathatic plexus

Question 14

Question
Regarding the anterior facial vien all are true except :
Answer
  • Begins at the medial angle of the eye
  • Connected to pterygoid venous plexus
  • Join posterior facial to form external jugular
  • Leaves face at inferior angle of masseter

Question 15

Question
Emissary veins passing through mastoid foramen opens in :
Answer
  • Sigmoid sinus
  • Transverse sinus
  • Superior sagittal sinus
  • Cavernous sinus

Question 16

Question
All the following nerves exit the cranial cavity through an opening in the middle cranial fossa except
Answer
  • Abducent
  • Trigeminal
  • Occulomotor
  • Facial

Question 17

Question
Sensory supply of the lobule of the ear
Answer
  • Greater occipital
  • Buccal
  • Mandibular
  • Great Auricular

Question 18

Question
Parotid duct opens into
Answer
  • Floor of the mouth at sublingual fold
  • Floor of the mouth at sublingual papillea
  • Vestibule of the mouth opposite to 2nd molar
  • None of the above

Question 19

Question
The chorda tympani N. carry which component before joining the lingual N.
Answer
  • Preganglionic sympathatic
  • Post ganglionic sympathatic
  • Preganglionic parasympathatic
  • Postganglionic parasympathatic

Question 20

Question
A patient is unable to taste a piece of sugar placed on the anterior part of the tongue. Which cranial nerve is most likely to have a lesion
Answer
  • Facial N.
  • Glossopharyngeal N.
  • Hypoglossal N.
  • Occulomotor N.

Question 21

Question
The temporomandibular joint is characterized by all EXCEPT:
Answer
  • A capsule strengthed by ligaments on its lateral side
  • A completely flat surface for its gliding movement
  • An articular disc
  • Extracapsular ligaments

Question 22

Question
The surgical removal of a metastatic tumor in the infratemporal fossa caused an intense hemorrhage. The surgeon clamped the main source of arterial supply to the area, which is the:
Answer
  • Internal carotid
  • Posterior Auricular
  • Maxillary
  • Lingual

Question 23

Question
After the mandibular condyle is moved forward onto the articular eminence (e.g., by opening the mouth widely), what muscle can then retract the mandible?
Answer
  • Superficial head of masseter
  • Deep head of masseter
  • Anterior part of temporalis
  • Posterior part of temporalis

Question 24

Question
Two nerves usually emerge from between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle: the anterior deep temporal nerve and the:
Answer
  • Masseteric N.
  • Buccal N.
  • Lingual N.
  • Inferior Alveolar N.

Question 25

Question
In acute inflammation (arthritis) of the TMJ, the muscle most likely to be affected by the inflammatory process is the:
Answer
  • Temporalis
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Lateral pterygoid

Question 26

Question
In dislocation of the jaw, displacement of the articular disc beyond the articular tubercle of the temporomandibular joint results from excessive contraction of which muscle:
Answer
  • Lateral pterygoid
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Temporalis

Question 27

Question
The lesser petrosal nerve carries preganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the:
Answer
  • Cilliary ganglion
  • Otic ganglion
  • Submandibular gagnglion
  • Geniculate ganglion

Question 28

Question
loss of blinking is due to paralysis of which muscle
Answer
  • Orbital part of orbicularis oculli
  • Palpebral part of orbicularis oculli
  • Lacrimal part of orbicularis oculi
  • Levator palpebrea superioris

Question 29

Question
the parotid duct pierces which of the following:
Answer
  • Masseter muscle
  • Buccinator
  • Investing fascia
  • Hypoglosus muscle

Question 30

Question
All are branches of Nasociliary N. EXCEPT :
Answer
  • Long cilliary
  • Lacrimal
  • Anterior ethmoidal
  • Posterior ethmoidal
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