Lung Infections- Surgical Diseases 4th Year- PMU

Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated 6 months ago
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Description

LUNG INFECTIONS: LUNG - ABSCESS, LUNG HYDATID DISEASE, BRONCHIECTATIC DISEASE

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
If you want flashcards go to https://quizlet.com/_6qrp9f
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Permanent and abnormal dilation of bronchi caused by destruction of the elastic and muscular components of the bronchial wall is called
Answer
  • pneumonia
  • lung abscess
  • bronchiectasis
  • pleural empyema

Question 3

Question
According to the pathologic classification bronchiectasis are divided into:
Answer
  • cylindrical, saccular and mixed
  • catarrhal, phlegmonous and gangrenous
  • acute and chronic
  • adenomatous and villous

Question 4

Question
Which of the following is more likely to be affected by bronchiectasis?
Answer
  • the upper lung lobe
  • the middle lung lobe
  • the lower lung lobe
  • none of the above

Question 5

Question
Leading symptoms of bronchiectasis are
Answer
  • abdominal pain and vomiting
  • chest pain and fever
  • shortness of breath and cyanosis
  • permanent coughing with purulent sputum

Question 6

Question
Which of the following imaging methods is a gold standard for diagnosing bronchiectasis?
Answer
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasonography
  • MRI

Question 7

Question
Conservative treatment of bronchiectasis consists of
Answer
  • antibiotics
  • bronchodilators
  • chest physiotherapy
  • all of the above
  • none of the above

Question 8

Question
Patient with haemoptysis requires performing of
Answer
  • Ultrasonography
  • Upper GI endoscopy
  • Bronchoscopy
  • MRI

Question 9

Question
Which of the following conditions is a risk factor for developing a lung abscess?
Answer
  • aspiration
  • immunodeficiency
  • malnutrition
  • hydatid cyst
  • all of the above

Question 10

Question
Cavitating lesion with an air-fluid level on the chest X-ray is suggestive of
Answer
  • pneumonia
  • pleural effusion
  • bronchiectasis
  • lung abscess

Question 11

Question
Initial treatment of the acute lung abscess starts with
Answer
  • surgery
  • non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • bronchodilators

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is an indication for surgical treatment for lung abscess? :
Answer
  • failure to resolve with antibiotics
  • abscess larger than 5 cm in diameter
  • rupture into the pleural space with pyopneumothorax
  • inability to exclude a cavitating carcinoma
  • all of the above

Question 13

Question
A patient with a history of expectorating at once a big quantity of bitter, “water-like” sputum and an image finding of a pulmonary cavitating lesion with air-fluid levels is most likely to have
Answer
  • pneumonia
  • bronchiectasis
  • pleural empyema
  • hydatid cyst
  • lung cancer

Question 14

Question
“Vomique” (expectoration of a big amount of purulent sputum is a typical feature of:
Answer
  • lung cancer
  • bronchiectasis
  • pleural empyema
  • lung abscess
  • pneumonia
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