CHE - Connective Tissue

Sole C
Quiz by Sole C, updated more than 1 year ago
Sole C
Created by Sole C over 6 years ago
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Description

CHE Plovdiv Exam

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The connective tissue lines the body cavities
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Osteoclasts are multinucleated, gaint cells that are involved in the reabsorption of bone matrix
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The cartilage cells are arranged in groups that are referred to as a cell nest or isogenous group.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Mast cells are recognized to adipose connective tissue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Macrophages are thought to arise from the monocytes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Osteoclasts are actively dividing cells, capable of collagen precursor synthesis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Connective tissue differs from epithelium by the presence of abundant intercellular material or matrix.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
The direct (membranous) osteogenesis is peculiar to the long bones
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The elastic fibers are not arranged in bundles, they are seen as long, thing threads forming meshwork.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
The hyaline cartilage could be replaced by bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
The connective tissue derives from:
Answer
  • Ectoblast
  • Endoblast
  • Mesoblast
  • Mesenchyme

Question 12

Question
The mast cells arise from:
Answer
  • Basophil granulocytes
  • Monocytes
  • Fat cells (Adipocytes)
  • Lymphocytes

Question 13

Question
Which of the following is specific for the osteoblast
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix
  • Produces blood cells
  • Destroys blood vessls

Question 14

Question
The metachromatic straining reaction of the hyaline cartilage ground substance is due to:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Numerous free ribesomes
  • Presence of proteoglycans
  • Presence of numerous lipid droplets

Question 15

Question
Which of the following is specific staining for the collagenous fibers
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • Silver impregnation
  • by Van Gieson method
  • Orecin

Question 16

Question
The nutrition of the cartilage is through
Answer
  • Blood vessels in the cartilage
  • Diffusion from blood vessels in the perichondrium
  • Blood vessels in the underlying loose connective tissue blood vessels in the blood matrix
  • Blood vessels in the blood matrix

Question 17

Question
The multilocular type of fat cells (Adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Hyaline Cartilage
  • Blood tissue

Question 18

Question
The orecin staining is specific for visualization of the:
Answer
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Reticular fibers
  • Elastic fibers
  • Neurofibrils

Question 19

Question
The silver impregnation is specific for visualization of the:
Answer
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Reticular fibers
  • Elastic fibers
  • Myofibrils

Question 20

Question
The indirect (endochondral) type of osteogenesis is specific for:
Answer
  • Plane bones
  • Long bones
  • Dentine
  • All types of bones

Question 21

Question
The unilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Smooth muscle tissue
  • Epithelial tissue

Question 22

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoclast:
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix
  • Produces blood cells
  • Produces fibers

Question 23

Question
The osteoclast arises from
Answer
  • Osteoblast
  • Basophilic granulocytes
  • Fusion of monocytes
  • Eosinophil granulocytes

Question 24

Question
The metachromatic staining reaction of the mast cells is due to:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Numerous free ribesomes
  • Granules containing proteoglycans
  • Numerous lipid droplets

Question 25

Question
This of the following is specific staining for the elastic cartilage
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • By Azan
  • Silver impregnation
  • Orecin

Question 26

Question
The reaction by Van Gieson is specific for:
Answer
  • Elastic fibers
  • Adipose tissue
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Mast cells

Question 27

Question
In functional aspect the plasma cells are associated with:
Answer
  • Phagocytosis
  • Clotting mechanisms
  • Allergic reactions
  • Production of antibodies

Question 28

Question
The mast cells take part in:
Answer
  • Process of phagocytosis
  • Formation of adipose tissue
  • Allergic reactions
  • Collagen production

Question 29

Question
The multilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Loose connective tissue
  • Bones

Question 30

Question
This of the following is found in the immature bone matrix:
Answer
  • Lamellae of collagenous fibers
  • Collagenous fibers arranged in meshwork
  • Osteones
  • Cells arranged in isogenous groups

Question 31

Question
Which are the most specific features of the mast cells:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Granules with metachromatic staining reaction
  • Arise from the basophil granulocytes
  • Their cytoplasm is filled with lipid droplets
  • Contain histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 32

Question
Which are the most specific features of the plasma cells:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER) with arranged in concentric manner cisternae
  • Scanty cytoplasm
  • Eccentric nucleus with heterochromatic having a "cartwheel" appearance
  • Well developed Golgi apparatus
  • Granules with histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 33

Question
What of the following is specific for the hyaline cartilage:
Answer
  • Metachromatic stained intercellular matrix
  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes
  • Replacing by bone
  • Numerous elastic fibers
  • Isogenous groups of great number of chrondrocytes

Question 34

Question
Which are the most specific features of the fibroblasts:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm
  • Eccentric nucleus with hetrochromatin having a "cartwheel" appearence
  • Spindle or star-shaped
  • Granules with histamine, serotonin and heparin-like substance

Question 35

Question
What of the following staining are specific for the elastic fibers:
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • Silver impregnation
  • Orcein
  • By Azan
  • By Van Gieson

Question 36

Question
The hyaline cartilage is found in:
Answer
  • Respiratory system
  • Articular cartilage
  • Rips
  • External ear
  • Larynx

Question 37

Question
Which of the following cells are specific for the loose connective tissue
Answer
  • Fibroblast
  • Fibroclasts
  • Chondrocytes
  • Myoepithelial cells
  • Macrophages

Question 38

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoblasts
Answer
  • Elaborate bone matrix
  • Destroy bone matrix (osteolysis)
  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm
  • Arise from mesenchyme
  • Participate in osteone formation

Question 39

Question
Which of the following types of connective tissue posses rigid inter-cellular substance
Answer
  • Osseous tissue (bones)
  • Cartilage
  • Loose connective tissue
  • Dentin
  • Mucous connective tissue

Question 40

Question
The osteone consists of:
Answer
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteocytes
  • Bone lamella
  • Osteoclasts
  • Isogenous groups of chondrocytes

Question 41

Question
This of the following is specific for the elastic cartilage:
Answer
  • Metachromatic staining of the inter-cellular substance
  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes
  • Numerous collagenous fibers
  • Numerous elastic fibers
  • Specific staining with orcein

Question 42

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoclast
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix (osteolysis)
  • Contains neurofilaments
  • Arises by fusion of monocytes
  • Contains numerous lysosomes

Question 43

Question
What of the following is specific for the unilocular fat cells (adipocytes)
Answer
  • Are component of the white adipose tissue
  • Are component of the brown adipose tissue
  • Contain numerous lipid droplets
  • Contain a single lipid droplet
  • Contain thin rim of cytoplasm with flattened eccentric nucleus

Question 44

Question
This of the following is specific for the reticular connective tissue:
Answer
  • Presence of osteocytes
  • Presence of reticular cells
  • Replacing by bone
  • Presence of reticular fibers
  • Is found in the lymphoid organs

Question 45

Question
This of the following is specific for the loose connective tissue:
Answer
  • Is found as packing between the body structures
  • Is very rich of blood capillaries and nerve fibers
  • Develops from the ectoderm
  • Presence of abundant intercellular material (matrix)
  • Its cells are arranged in layers
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