Chronic Gastrointestinal disorders

LizaSAHM
Quiz by LizaSAHM, updated more than 1 year ago
LizaSAHM
Created by LizaSAHM over 6 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Chronic Gastrointestinal disorders, created by LizaSAHM on 03/29/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The nurse explains to the patient with gastroesophageal reflux disease that this disorder:
Answer
  • results in acid erosion and ulceration of the esophagus caused by frequent vomiting
  • will require surgical wrapping or repair of the pyloric sphincter to control the symptoms
  • is the protrusion of a portion of the stomach into to esophagus through an opening in the diaphragm
  • often involves relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, allowing stomach contents to back up into the esophagus

Question 2

Question
Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching plan for a client who is experiencing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)? (SATA)
Answer
  • Limit caffeine intake to two cups of coffee per day.
  • Do not lie down for 2 hours after eating.
  • Limit stress.
  • Take medications with milk to decrease irritation.
  • Elevate the head of bed by 6".
  • Follow a low-protein diet.

Question 3

Question
"A patient with hepatitis B is being discharged in 2 days. In the discharge teching plan the nurse should include instructions to:
Answer
  • Use a condom during sexual intercourse
  • Avoid alcohol for the first 3 weeks
  • Have family members get an injection of immunoglobin
  • Follow a low-protein, moderate-carbohydrate, moderate-fat diet
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