Care of the Surgical Patient

asissons
Quiz by asissons, updated more than 1 year ago
asissons
Created by asissons about 6 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Care of the Surgical Patient, created by asissons on 04/12/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The goals of perioperative nursing are
Answer
  • assist the patient and family through the surgery
  • promote positive patient outcomes
  • assist the patient to achieve his/her optimal level of function after the surgery

Question 2

Question
what are the three phases of surgery?
Answer
  • preoperative care
  • intraoperative care
  • postoperative care (next week)

Question 3

Question
Role of the nurse in Pre-op admission clinic (PAC)
Answer
  • patient interview
  • nursing assessment
  • preoperative teaching
  • day of surgery prep

Question 4

Question
In the patient interview what information should you obtain?
Answer
  • determine pt expectations about surgery and anesthesia
  • provide and clarify information about the surgical experience
  • assess patient's emotional state and readiness for surgery
  • determine if pt has enough information to make an informed decision
  • may being some post op teaching

Question 5

Question
Informed consent involves
Answer
  • 1. adequate disclosure of diagnosis
  • understanding and comprehension of the information being provided
  • must be given voluntarily

Question 6

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Assess for ABCDE
Answer
  • Airway
  • breathing
  • Circulation
  • Diability
  • Exposure

Question 7

Question
What kind of allergies are you looking for?
Answer
  • Medication
  • foods
  • Chemicals
  • Tape
  • Pollen
  • perfumes
  • latex

Question 8

Question
For a pt about to undergo surgery ask about subjective health history
Answer
  • have you had surgeries in the past? which ones? did you have any complications?
  • Have you or any family members experienced any problems with anaesthesia
  • Do you have any past hospitalizations?
  • any chronic health conditions

Question 9

Question
Health history assessment
Answer
  • weight and height
  • limitations in neck mobility
  • history of drug or opiate abuse
  • hx of ETOH use
  • HX of smoking

Question 10

Question
Conduct lab and diagnostic tests
Answer
  • CBC
  • electrolyte panel
  • LFT
  • Renal Panel
  • Coagulation studies
  • Type and cross match
  • 12 lead ECG
  • Blood Glucose levels
  • CXR

Question 11

Question
What types of preoperative information is there?
Answer
  • Sensory - sights, smells sounds
  • Procedural - what to wear, what to eat, physical prep
  • Process - flow of surgery, family needs

Question 12

Question
An adult learner
Answer
  • likes to have choices
  • has a variety of learning styles and preferences
  • needs to have abilities and achievements recognized
  • does best in an environment where they feel safe, accepted and respected

Question 13

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What are the steps involved in client education
Answer
  • assessment of the need to learn
  • assessment of readiness
  • setting of objectives
  • teaching - learning
  • evaluation and re-teaching if necessary

Question 14

Question
Check all that are involved in a surgical team
Answer
  • 2 RNs
  • practical nurse
  • Surgeon and assistant
  • RN first assistant
  • Anaesthetist

Question 15

Question
What does SBAR-R stand for
Answer
  • S: Situation
  • B: background
  • A: Assessment
  • R: Recommendation
  • Repeat - repeat back so it is said properly

Question 16

Question
During the preoperative interview, a patient scheduled for an elective hysterectomy to treat benign tumours of the uterus tells the nurse that she does not know whether she can go through with the surgery because she knows she will die in surgery, as her mother did. What is the most appropriate response?
Answer
  • “Tell me more about what happened to your mother.”
  • “Think positively! Positive thoughts have been shown to influence a positive surgical outcome.

Question 17

Question
Why is it especially important for the nurse to determine the patient’s current use of medications during the preoperative assessment?
Answer
  • These medications may alter the patient’s perceptions about surgery.
  • Other medications may cause interactions with anaesthetics, altering the potency and effect of the drugs.

Question 18

Question
The nurse visits the patient to have him sign the operative permit as directed in the physician’s preoperative orders. The patient tells the nurse that the physician has not really told him what is involved in the surgical procedure. What should the nurse do?
Answer
  • Explain what the planned surgical procedure entails before having the patient sign the consent form.
  • Delay the patient’s signature on the consent form, and notify the physician that the informed-consent process is not complete.

Question 19

Question
What does appropriate preoperative teaching for a patient scheduled for abdominal surgery include?
Answer
  • How to breathe deeply and cough
  • How to care for the wound

Question 20

Question
An 82-year-old man is admitted to the hospital the evening before a prostatectomy for cancer of the prostate. He is alert and oriented but has difficulty seeing and hearing. His wife is at his bedside and answers most questions directed to the patient. What should the nurse do to accomplish preoperative teaching with the patient?
Answer
  • Provide additional time for the patient to understand preoperative instructions and carry out procedures
  • Ask the patient’s wife to wait in the hall in order to focus on preoperative teaching with the patient himself

Question 21

Question
What are the physical environment and traffic control measures of the OR primarily designed to do?
Answer
  • Protect the patient’s privacy.
  • Prevent transmission of infection

Question 22

Question
Which one of the following intraoperative patient positions would the nurse anticipate for the patient who is being prepared for abdominal surgery?
Answer
  • Prone
  • Supine

Question 23

Question
The nurse notes that a preoperative patient is drowsy, but oriented, in the receiving area. In addition to checking her hospital number and identification band, what should the nurse check?
Answer
  • Ask the patient to state her name, her doctor’s name, and the operative procedure planned.
  • Ask the surgeon to identify the patient and the planned surgical procedure.

Question 24

Question
The nurse from the general surgical unit brings the patient’s hearing aid to the surgical suite because the patient left the unit without it and it is needed to communicate with the patient. At the surgical suite, what areas can the general surgical unit nurse enter?
Answer
  • Clean core
  • Scrub sink areas
  • Information or nursing station
  • Corridors of the ORs

Question 25

Question
Which assessment finding would the nurse expect to observe in a patient with malignant hyperthermia
Answer
  • Decreased heart rate
  • Low, irregular respirations
  • Decreased temperature
  • Ventricular dysrhythmias

Question 26

Question
What is one of the most important goals of the registered nurse first assistant?
Answer
  • Safety of the patient
  • Documentation of the intraoperative care

Question 27

Question
You are the clinic nurse doing a preoperative assessment on a patient who will be undergoing outpatient cataract surgery with lens implantation in 1 week. While taking the patient's medical history, you note that this patient had a kidney transplant 8 years ago. The patient is taking immunosuppressive drugs. What is this patient at increased risk for when having surgery?
Answer
  • infection
  • death

Question 28

Question
An elderly client is preparing to undergo surgery. The nurse participates in preoperative care knowing that which of the following is the underlying principle that guides preoperative assessment, surgical care, and postoperative care for older adults?
Answer
  • Older adults have less physiologic reserve (or ability to regain physical equilibrium) than younger clients.
  • older adults are more malnourished

Question 29

Question
How should a nurse teach a patient to perform deep breathing and coughing to use postoperatively?
Answer
  • The patient should take a deep breath in through the mouth and exhale all the air out through the mouth, take a short breath, and cough from deep in the lungs.
  • The patient should do box breathing

Question 30

Question
Which of the following clinical manifestations is often the earliest sign of malignant hyperthermia?
Answer
  • Tachycardia
  • bradycardia

Question 31

Question
A client who had abdominal surgery 4 days ago reports that "something gave way" when he sneezed. The nurse observes a wound evisceration. Which nursing action is the first priority?
Answer
  • Applying a sterile, moist dressing
  • suturing the wound

Question 32

Question
A postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurse is caring for a patient with the following assessment data: pale, cool, moist skin; thready pulse of 122; blood pressure 78/60; urine output of 25 mL/h; temperature 99.2°F. What interventions by the nurse are appropriate? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • Maintain a patent airway. • Frequently monitor neurological status. .
  • • Apply oxygen per orders
  • • Administer blood products per orders.
  • apply warm blankets

Question 33

Question
Which of the following terms refers to a protrusion of abdominal organs through the surgical incision?
Answer
  • Eviseration
  • desiccation

Question 34

Question
Nursing assessment findings reveal a temperature of 96.2°F, pulse oximetry 90%, shivering, and client complains of chilling. The findings are indicative of which nursing diagnosis?
Answer
  • Ineffective thermoregulation
  • ineffective airway clearance

Question 35

Question
The nurse is caring for a client during the immediate postoperative period and is assessing for signs of shock. What signs and symptoms indicate that the client may be in shock?
Answer
  • weak and rapid pulse
  • bounding and rapid pulse

Question 36

Question
The client asks the nurse about ways to control pain other than taking pain medication. Which strategy should the nurse include when responding to the client? Select all that apply
Answer
  • Listening to music •
  • Watching television
  • • Changing position
  • yelling

Question 37

Question
The primary objective in the immediate postoperative period is
Answer
  • maintaining pulmonary ventilation.
  • preventing infection

Question 38

Question
In the transfer of accountability what is transferred?
Answer
  • rights
  • duties
  • obligations
  • charting

Question 39

Question
What is included in the post operative report/handover?
Answer
  • general patient information
  • patient history
  • intraoperative management
  • post anasesthesia care plan

Question 40

Question
Post operative orders (select all that apply)
Answer
  • iv fluids
  • resumption of diet and fluids
  • positioning
  • special wound care instructions
  • oxygen therapy
  • medications
  • emergency contact
  • number of nurse in PACU

Question 41

Question
what is part of your initial assessment of a post surgical patient?
Answer
  • ABCs
  • LOC
  • V/S
  • O2 therapy
  • Intake/output
  • IV lines/fluid
  • drains and tubes
  • Surgical site
  • pain

Question 42

Question
When assessing neurological systems what should you look for?
Answer
  • LOC
  • orientation
  • ability to follow commands
  • shine a pen light in their eye

Question 43

Question
what percent of patients have emergence delirium?
Answer
  • 10%
  • 5%

Question 44

Question
a neurological scale used to give reliable and objective way of recording the conscious state of a patient is a
Answer
  • glasgow coma scale
  • orientation scale

Question 45

Question
to prevent pulmonary complications what should you do?
Answer
  • keep head of bed at 25-45 degrees at all times
  • T and P q 2hs
  • leg exercises
  • teach splinting when coughing

Question 46

Question
list potential cardiovascular complications after surgery
Answer
  • hemorrhage
  • hypovolemia
  • hypotension
  • syncope/arrhythmias
  • deep vein thrombosis

Question 47

Question
what are some interventions to prevent cardiac complications?
Answer
  • IV management
  • early ambulation
  • t and p while in bed
  • leg exercises
  • anticoagulants

Question 48

Question
what are some GI function risks for post surgery
Answer
  • Nausea and vomitting
  • abdominal distention
  • paralytic ileus
  • constipation
  • acites

Question 49

Question
Potential dysfunction in GU function
Answer
  • Oliguria <30 ml/hr
  • anuria (no urine)
  • Urinary retention
  • UTI

Question 50

Question
when is the original dressing removed?
Answer
  • by the surgeon
  • by the nurse

Question 51

Question
when is a surgical dressing changed?
Answer
  • after 24 hours
  • after 48 hours

Question 52

Question
What are some of the benefits of discharge planning?
Answer
  • patient satisfaction
  • improved self care
  • decreased LOS
  • Decrease readmission rates
  • decreased cost

Question 53

Question
if a drug is equianlgesic it means
Answer
  • dose of one drug is equivalent in pain relieving effects compared with another drug
  • that the drugs work the same
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