The first stage of the American War of Independence - 1775 - 1780

NutellaBird
Quiz by NutellaBird, updated more than 1 year ago
NutellaBird
Created by NutellaBird almost 6 years ago
24
1

Description

A quiz covering the first two years of the American Revolution, from the Battles of Lexington and Concord to the end of the Saratoga Campaigns and its consequences.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Who were the leaders of the British forces at Lexington and Concord, and the ensuing battles? (Three)
Answer
  • John Pitcairn
  • Hugh Percy
  • Francis Smith
  • John Parker
  • Paul Revere

Question 2

Question
How many militia were fighting for the Americans at the end of the battles of Lexington and Concord?
Answer
  • 3800
  • 400
  • 5000
  • 2300

Question 3

Question
When the Continental Congress of the 10th May put George Washington in charge of the Continental Army, how many troops was he given?
Answer
  • 20,000
  • 100,000
  • 10,000
  • 5000

Question 4

Question
When was the battle of Bunker Hill?
Answer
  • June 17th 1775
  • 8th July 1775
  • 27th August 1776
  • March 17th 1776

Question 5

Question
When Gage declared Massachusetts to be in rebellion, he offered amnesty to all rebels except two. Who were they?
Answer
  • John Adams
  • Sam Adams
  • Paul Revere
  • John Hancock

Question 6

Question
Why didn't the British use their artillery at the Battle of Bunker Hill?
Answer
  • They had the wrong kind of ammunition
  • They forgot
  • They transported it by ships which were sunk by the rebels
  • The hill was too steep

Question 7

Question
What were the two attempts made by the Congress to reconcile with the UK, on the 5th and 6th of July 1775?
Answer
  • The Olive Branch petition
  • Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms
  • The Proclamation of Rebellion
  • The Declaration of Independence

Question 8

Question
Who wrote 'Common Sense'?
Answer
  • Thomas Paine
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Otis
  • John Dickinson

Question 9

Question
Which forces were allied with the British during the War of Independence? (Two groups)
Answer
  • Native Americans
  • Hessians (German mercenaries)
  • The French
  • The Dutch

Question 10

Question
When was the Battle of Long Island?
Answer
  • 27th - 30th August 1776
  • 6th - 8th July 1776
  • 25th - 26th December 1776
  • 17th - 20th June 1776

Question 11

Question
Why was George Washington able to lead his army to safety after their defeat at Long Island? (Two reasons)
Answer
  • A heavy fog stopped the British from pursuing across the bay
  • Howe hesitated to pursue them
  • There were too many British casualties for them to safely chase Washington
  • The British had no ships to cross the bay with

Question 12

Question
Which two major American bases fell between the Battles of Long Island and Trenton?
Answer
  • Fort Washington
  • Newport
  • Princeton
  • Fort Ticonderoga

Question 13

Question
How many troops did Washington lead at the battle of Trenton?
Answer
  • 2400
  • 3000
  • 1500
  • 2600

Question 14

Question
What was Burgoyne's strategy to win the war for the British?
Answer
  • Come down from Canada and cut New England off from the rest of the colonies.
  • Come up from the southern colonies, where there were large numbers of loyalists, taking colonies over one by one.
  • Capture the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
  • Attack all major ports to stop the rebels from being able to transport supplies

Question 15

Question
How many men did Burgoyne have at the beginning of the Saratoga campaign?
Answer
  • 8000
  • 7000
  • 6500
  • 10,000

Question 16

Question
How long was Burgoyne's journey from Fort Ticonderoga to Saratoga?
Answer
  • 23 miles
  • 10 miles
  • 41 miles
  • 35 miles

Question 17

Question
Why couldn't Barry St Leger take a force to reinforce Burgoyne?
Answer
  • His forces were made of Native Americans who abandoned him.
  • His troops fell ill.
  • The rebels attacked them and destroyed their ammunition.
  • They got lost in the wilderness.

Question 18

Question
Which American leader had a force of skilled riflemen?
Answer
  • Daniel Morgan
  • Benedict Arnold
  • Horatio Gates
  • Enoch Poor

Question 19

Question
Why did Clinton take so long to get to Saratoga that he was too late to save Burgoyne from defeat?
Answer
  • He was busy capturing forts in the Highlands.
  • He ran out of supplies halfway and had to stop to get more.
  • His troops were too ill to move quickly.
  • He encountered George Washington's army on the way and the confrontation slowed him down.

Question 20

Question
How many UK troops were turned over to the Americans after Saratoga?
Answer
  • 5791
  • 6600
  • 7348
  • 6520

Question 21

Question
When did the French agree to send aid to the rebels?
Answer
  • 6th February 1778
  • 19th June 1778
  • 17 October 1777
  • 23rd July 1778

Question 22

Question
Which places did Spain hope to regain from the UK by allying with the Americans and French? (Four places)
Answer
  • Gibraltar
  • Florida
  • Minorca
  • Jamaica
  • Ohio
  • Louisiana

Question 23

Question
Which country could the UK have allied, but was not approached?
Answer
  • Russia
  • Prussia
  • The Netherlands
  • Austria

Question 24

Question
Which countries joined the League of Armed Neutrality in 1780? (Three)
Answer
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • Denmark
  • Prussia
  • Portugal
  • Austria

Question 25

Question
How much of the UK's army was in North America by 1780?
Answer
  • 29%
  • 50%
  • 34%
  • 60%
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