Human Geo unit 8 test 4

katherinepowers18
Quiz by , created over 4 years ago

AP human geo at CVHS- unit 8 test 4

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katherinepowers18
Created by katherinepowers18 over 4 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The best example of a state among the following is
Answer
  • A mountainous region inhabited by heterogeneous ethnicities and divided up administratively among various independant countries
  • A mountainous region inhabited by heterogeneous ethnicities which share responsibility for maintaining an independent government and a standing army
  • A group of islands inhabited by a homogenous ethnicity, although the westernmost islands pertain to the territory of one country whereas the easternmost islands pertain to another country
  • a mountainous region inhabited by a mixture of peoples but inhabited by a european nation-state
  • an island with a long history of self-rule and a homogenous ethnic identity, although the island has been under the control of a colonial power for the last 30 years

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is an example of an enclave in the United States?
Answer
  • Colorado
  • Washington DC
  • Alaska
  • Florida
  • California

Question 3

Question
The Kurds are
Answer
  • the majority population of Iraq
  • a multinational state
  • trying to unite with Turkey
  • divided among more than one state
  • a religious minority in the Middle East

Question 4

Question
What type of border dispute is this? Canada and the United States are historic allies but disagree on how to implement a plan for a "secure and smart border" that would protect against terrorists attacks while 200,000 vehicles cross the border each day, mostly trucks involved in a steady stream of trade. Agreements must be made on whether or not to inspect each truck and how to track the flow of individuals back and forth along the 4,000-mile border
Answer
  • functional/operational dispute
  • resource dispute
  • religious dispute
  • ethnic dispute
  • positional/locational dispute

Question 5

Question
The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves is known as
Answer
  • nationalism
  • universal suffrage
  • self determination
  • sovereignty
  • centripetal determination

Question 6

Question
Which of the following is the best example of a core area for an entire state?
Answer
  • St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Japan's Kanto Plain
  • Lagos, Nigeria
  • Brasilia, Brazil
  • Washington, D.C.

Question 7

Question
Which shape most easily fosters the establishment of effective internal communications for a smaller state?
Answer
  • Prolonged
  • Compact
  • Prorupted
  • Elongated
  • Fragmented

Question 8

Question
The most fragmented Southeast Asian state is
Answer
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
  • Indonesia
  • Brunei
  • East Timor

Question 9

Question
Cultural Boundaries include all but which of the following?
Answer
  • religious
  • linguistic
  • geomorphic
  • ethnic
  • geometric

Question 10

Question
Which of the following nations is considered a stateless-nation?
Answer
  • Jewish
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Polish
  • Kurdish

Question 11

Question
An example of a modern day city-state is
Answer
  • Panama Canal
  • Singapore
  • German
  • Paris
  • New York

Question 12

Question
The two Germanys
Answer
  • were divided by proto-Germanic languages
  • were divided by economic and cultural boundaries until 1871
  • were on opposite banks of the Rhine River
  • are the newest UN member states in Europe
  • existed separately from 1949 to 1990

Question 13

Question
Which of the following is the best description of the geographic distribution of power within states today?
Answer
  • states with confederal systems are about equal in number to states with unitary systems
  • most states are federal systems
  • most states are confederal systems
  • most states are unitary sysyems
  • states with federal systems are about equal in number to states with unitary systems

Question 14

Question
Which two countries are not members of the European Union?
Answer
  • Portugal and Austria
  • Finland and Sweden
  • Germany and Denmark
  • Spain and France
  • Norway and Switzerland

Question 15

Question
The world's largest state is
Answer
  • Canada
  • Russia
  • Alaska
  • India
  • China

Question 16

Question
key challenges to establishing a representative government in Iraq after Saddam Hussein are
Answer
  • sectarian conflict between the Shiite and Sunni muslims
  • Al-Qaeda insurgents opposed to a secular state with US ties
  • tribal and ethnic differences between provinces
  • geometric boundaries established by British and French treaties
  • all of these

Question 17

Question
The United Nations is primarily what kind of cooperative effort?
Answer
  • cultural
  • environmental
  • military
  • economic
  • political

Question 18

Question
The boundaries between which set of countries were established primarily to separate different religions?
Answer
  • France and Germany
  • India and Pakistan
  • Russia and Ukraine
  • Libya and Chad
  • Mexico and the United States

Question 19

Question
Which of the following states use desert as a boundary?
Answer
  • Iraq and Kuwait
  • Turkey and Syria
  • China and India
  • Canada and the United States
  • Brazil and Peru

Question 20

Question
A true nation-state
Answer
  • is relatively uncommon
  • is best exemplified by the United States
  • gives sovereignty to each nation within its borders
  • often contains two or more sizable nations within it
  • is best exemplified by France

Question 21

Question
Over the past half century, the number of sovereign states in the world
Answer
  • has decreased by a couple of dozen
  • has remained approximately the same
  • has increased by more than a thousand
  • has increased by a couple of dozen
  • has increased by more than a hundred

Question 22

Question
Terrorism differs from assassinations and other acts of political violence because
Answer
  • attacks are aimed at military targets or political leaders
  • attacks are aimed at ordinary people
  • attacks use only personal and improvised weapons
  • attacks are typically made without regard for political goals
  • attacks are never well coordinated

Question 23

Question
The boundary between the US and Canada is best described by which of the following?
Answer
  • water and linguistic
  • mountain and water
  • water and geometric
  • geometric only
  • linguistic and religious

Question 24

Question
To be considered a nation, a group of people must
Answer
  • be sovereign and self-determined
  • share a sense of nationalism
  • share cultural elements like religion, language, history, and politics
  • reside in the same territory
  • have their own country

Question 25

Question
Which of the following states have and enclave?
Answer
  • Brazil
  • Italy
  • Egypt
  • Australia
  • France

Question 26

Question
Of the following , the United States is best characterized as a
Answer
  • nation-state
  • monarchy
  • confederation
  • supranational organization
  • republic

Question 27

Question
A Southeast Asian country with a partly elongated or prorupted state is
Answer
  • Thailand
  • Cambodia
  • Pakistan
  • Indonesia
  • China

Question 28

Question
Neocolonialism
Answer
  • allows core states to continue exploiting periphery states
  • pre-dates European interest in North America
  • peaked near the end of the 19th century
  • is still relevant in Africa, but not in other parts of the southern hemisphere
  • has in general been anticapitalist

Question 29

Question
Which of the following is not one of the states that formed from the Soviet Union after its breakup?
Answer
  • Kazakhstan
  • Chechnya
  • Russia
  • Estonia
  • Ukraine

Question 30

Question
Which of the following is not true of al-Qaeda?
Answer
  • finance, media, legal-religious policy and military committees report to a council called Majis al Shura
  • Al-Qaeda has been implicated in several bombings since the attack on the US in 2001
  • Al-Qaeda grew out of the war against the soviet union in afghanistan
  • Most al-Qaeda members have lived in ordinary society, supporting themselves with jobs or crime
  • Al-Qaeda is a single unified organization

Question 31

Question
In the 1980s, the US send bombers to attack ___ in a failed attempt to kill colonel Muammar el-Qaddafi, in retribution for his country's support of terrorism
Answer
  • Iran
  • Egypt
  • Israel
  • Libya
  • Iraq

Question 32

Question
Halford Mackinder, developer of the heartland theory, thought that this country was most likely to make a bid for world domination:
Answer
  • The United States
  • Russia
  • Britain
  • Japan
  • France

Question 33

Question
Despite the independence of India, Rwanda, and Algeria, the continuing effects of colonialism are still seen in
Answer
  • the loss of all cultural identity
  • the large secondary (manufacturing) sector of the economy
  • their incorporation into the world system core
  • English as the official language or lingua franca
  • violent conflicts involving territory and power

Question 34

Question
Which of the following pairs best represent nation-states?
Answer
  • India and Russia
  • the Basque region and Kurdistan
  • Japan and Iceland
  • the United States and Canada

Question 35

Question
A region that historically is caught between stronger colliding external forces. The region is often shattered and splintered politically and ethnically. This is an example of a(n)
Answer
  • primate state
  • shatterbelt
  • core
  • periphery
  • insurgent state

Question 36

Question
The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolizes the
Answer
  • triumph of capitalism over communism
  • the end of the cold war
  • beginning of the "new world order"
  • all of these answers

Question 37

Question
With globalization and the increasing importance of trade-facilitating organizations, states are
Answer
  • growing as containers of political and economic power
  • becoming irrelevant
  • disappearing
  • trying to spread the benefits of globalization
  • becoming sites of transnational flows and connections

Question 38

Question
A state with control over its internal affairs has
Answer
  • ethnicity
  • centripetal forces
  • nationality
  • suffrage
  • sovereignty

Question 39

Question
An area organized into an independent political unit is a
Answer
  • nation
  • colony
  • territory
  • nationality
  • state

Question 40

Question
The heartland theory held that
Answer
  • sea power was the dominant form of military advantage
  • Britain should give its colonies independence
  • North America was the best place from which to launch a campaign for world domination
  • all of these
  • none of these

Question 41

Question
Which of the following is NOT a land-locked state?
Answer
  • Nepal
  • Rwanda
  • South Africa
  • Mongolia
  • Uzbekistan

Question 42

Question
Which of the following is considered a sovereign state?
Answer
  • Alaska
  • Spratly Islands
  • Antarctica
  • India
  • Hong Kong

Question 43

Question
Which of the following is NOT an example of supranationalism?
Answer
  • the United Nations
  • Russia
  • the Arab League
  • the Organization of American States
  • the European Union

Question 44

Question
During which time period were the most new states created in the world?
Answer
  • 1945-2000
  • 1900-1925
  • 1750-1825
  • 1825-1900
  • 1925-1945

Question 45

Question
Which of the following is true for land-locked states?
Answer
  • relations with their neighbors are not as important as for maritime countries
  • they are likely to be the wealthiest state in their region
  • there are more land-locked states in the world than maritime states
  • interior locations are more difficult to defend
  • they are at a commercial and strategic disadvantage

Question 46

Question
With a few small exceptions, the countries of the European Union share all of the following except
Answer
  • an EU court system
  • a European Union constitution
  • free movement of goods, services, and people across their boundaries
  • an EU parliament
  • a common currency

Question 47

Question
Which cultural hearth is credited with the creation of city-states, which eventually led to the creation of the concept of nation-state?
Answer
  • Mayan
  • Greece
  • Roman Empire
  • Mesopotamia
  • Northern India

Question 48

Question
In which form of government is significant power given to smaller units of government within the state?
Answer
  • organic state
  • democratic state
  • confederate state
  • federal state
  • unitary state

Question 49

Question
The recent fragmentation of a region into smaller political units is known as
Answer
  • politicization of religion
  • irredentism
  • perforation
  • balkanization
  • proruption

Question 50

Question
According to Halford Mackinder's Heartland Theory, the 'geographical pivot' from which world conquest could be controlled includes the area of
Answer
  • the Arabian peninsula
  • Eurasia, including Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia
  • Europe from Italy to Holland
  • Southeast Asia, including Indonesia
  • North America from Chicago to Montreal to Washington, DC

Question 51

Question
The best example of a nation among the following is
Answer
  • a group of islands inhabited by a homogenous ethnicity, although the westernmost islands pertain to the territory of one country whereas the other islands pertain to another country
  • a mountainous region inhabited by heterogeneous ethnicities and divided up administratively between various independent countries
  • a mountainous region inhabited by heterogeneous ethnicities which share responsibility for maintaining an independent government and standing army
  • a mountainous region inhabited by a mixture of peoples but recently colonized by a european nation-state

Question 52

Question
The type of boundary line is established before an area is well populated
Answer
  • natural boundary
  • geometric boundary
  • linguistic boundary
  • antecendent boundary
  • subsequent boundaries

Question 53

Question
The boundary between Argentina and Chile is an example of a
Answer
  • cultural frontier
  • physical boundary
  • perforated boundary
  • geometric boundary
  • prorupted boundary

Question 54

Question
Which type of countries usually encompass diverse types of climates, resources, and peoples?
Answer
  • elongated
  • perforated
  • fragmented
  • compact
  • prorupt

Question 55

Question
A federal state (or federation) is one in which
Answer
  • administered by the Federal government, like Washington, DC
  • countries unite toward a common economic, or sometimes military, goal
  • local units of government work to adopt uniform rules and regulations
  • government power and control is centralized
  • government power is dispersed to local units

Question 56

Question
Drawing from social darwinism, Friedrich Ratzel's model of the state- in which state growth and change were 'natural' and inevitable- portrayed the state as a
Answer
  • soldier
  • snowball
  • volcano
  • biological organsim
  • religion