Quiz for Sociology

ashleigh nichole
Quiz by ashleigh nichole, updated more than 1 year ago
ashleigh nichole
Created by ashleigh nichole over 5 years ago
242
4

Description

Quiz for sociology

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Definitions of Sociology From "The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology"
Answer
  • The study of society
  • The study of groups
  • The study of social behaviors
  • The study of culture

Question 2

Question
[blank_start]Sociology[blank_end] is the study of social life and behavior especially in relation to social systems, how they work, how they change, the consequences they produce, and their complex relation to peoples lives
Answer
  • Cohension
  • Sociologist Perspective
  • Sociology
  • Sociological Imagination

Question 3

Question
[blank_start]Sociologist perspective[blank_end] helps us to identifying patterns in human interaction, how and why these patterns exist, the consequences of them and how to produce of change these patterns.
Answer
  • Sociologist perspective

Question 4

Question
[blank_start]Sociological Imagination[blank_end] is the ability to see the social patterns that influence individual and group life.
Answer
  • Sociological Imagination

Question 5

Question
Applied Sociology is the use of the discipline of sociology with specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organization, while clinical sociology is dedicated to altering social relationships and restructuring social institutions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Who believed in a theoretical science of society and a systematic investigation of behavior were needed to improve society?
Answer
  • Karl Max
  • Max Weber
  • Herbert Spencer
  • August Comte

Question 7

Question
[blank_start]Social Cohension[blank_end] is the degree to which members of a society feel united by shared values and other social bonds
Answer
  • Social Cohension

Question 8

Question
Mechanical Solidarity is the interdependence brought about by an increasingly specialized division of labor (how people divide their task), while Organic Solidarity is what people experience as a result of performing the same or similar task.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Gemeinschaft is a society in which life is intimate and Gesellschaft is a society dominated by impersonal realtionships
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Effective Theory[blank_end] may have both explanatory and predictive powers- it can help us see the relationships among seemingly, isolated phenomena as well as, understand how one type of change in an environment leads to other changes.
Answer
  • Effective Theory

Question 11

Question
Functionalists and Conflict Theorists are micro-level, while symbolic interactionists are macro-level
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
[blank_start]The Functionalist Perspective[blank_end] emphasizes the way that the parts of society are structures to maintain its stability.
Answer
  • The Functionalist Perspective
  • Sociologist Perspective
  • Interactionism
  • None of the above

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Dysfunction[blank_end] refers to an element or process of a society that may actually disrupt the social system or reduce its stability.
Answer
  • Dysfunction

Question 14

Question
Manifest Functions are unconscious or unintended functions that may reflect hidden purposes of an institution, While Latent Functions are open, stated, conscious functions they involve the intended.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
[blank_start]Conflict Perspective[blank_end] assumes that social behaviors is best understood in terms of conflict between competing groups.
Answer
  • Conflict Perspective

Question 16

Question
[blank_start]Conflict Theorists[blank_end] are interested in how society's institutions may help to maintain the privileges of some groups and keep others in a subservient position.
Answer
  • Conflict Theorists

Question 17

Question
[blank_start]The interactionist perspective[blank_end] generalizes about everyday forms of social interactions in order to understand society as a whole.
Answer
  • The interactionist perspective

Question 18

Question
Who is regarded as the founder of the interactionist perspective?
Answer
  • Max Weber
  • George Herbert Mead
  • Auguste Comte
  • Emile Durkheim

Question 19

Question
[blank_start]Interactionism[blank_end] is a sociological framework in which human beings are seen to be living in a world of meaningful objects.
Answer
  • Interactionism

Question 20

Question
An important figure in the study of societal change
Answer
  • Karl Max
  • Herbert Spencer
  • Auguste Comte
  • None of the above

Question 21

Question
Who is most commonly known for socialism and communism (they are also central to sociology for their ideas about social class and class struggle)?
Answer
  • Karl Max
  • Auguste Comte
  • Herbet Spencer
  • Emile Durkheim

Question 22

Question
Who is best known for their studies on suicide rates among different groups and plays an important role in getting sociology recognized as a separate academic discipline?
Answer
  • Max Weber
  • Auguste Comte
  • Emile Durkhiem
  • Herbert Spencer

Question 23

Question
Who was the most influential of all sociologist, raising issues that remain controversial even today and believed that religion was the central force in social change?
Answer
  • Auguste Comte
  • Max Weber
  • Herbert Spencer
  • None of the above

Question 24

Question
Who advocated that sociological research should be value-free, or that personal values or bias should not influence social research?
Answer
  • Herbert Spencer
  • Emile Durkhiem
  • Auguste Comte
  • None of the above

Question 25

Question
Quantitative Methods seeks information about the social world that is already in or can be converted to numeric form, while Qualitative Methods attempts to collect information about the social world that cannot be converted to numeric form.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Deductive Research starts with empirical observation and then works to form a theory, Inductive Research starts with a theory, forms a hypothesis, makes empirical observation and then analyzes data to confirm the theory.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
[blank_start]operational definition[blank_end] is an explanation of an abstract concept that is specific enough to allow a researcher to access the concept.
Answer
  • operational definition

Question 28

Question
[blank_start]Hypothesis[blank_end] is a speculative statement about the relationship between two or more factors known as variable.
Answer
  • Hypothesis

Question 29

Question
Dependent variable is what depends on the other variable while independent variables cause or influence the other variable
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
[blank_start]Random Sample[blank_end] is when every member of an entire population is being studied has the same chance of being selected.
Answer
  • Random Sample

Question 31

Question
[blank_start]Generalizeability[blank_end] is the extent to which we can claim that our findings informs about a group larger than the one that we studied.
Answer
  • Generalizeability

Question 32

Question
[blank_start]Scientific Ideal[blank_end] is mapping out cause and effect relationships in which we know that change in one variable causes change in another.
Answer
  • Scientific Ideal

Question 33

Question
[blank_start]Correlation[blank_end] exist when a change in one variable coincides with change in the other.
Answer
  • Correlation

Question 34

Question
A spurious correlation happens when two variables change together but neither causes the other.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
To be sure of a real cause and effect relationship, we must show?
Answer
  • There us no evidence that the correlation is spurious because of some third variable
  • There are exactly two constant varables
  • The independent variable precedes the dependent variable in time
  • two variables are correlated

Question 36

Question
Reliability is the extent to which a measure produces consistent results, while validity is the degree to which a measure or scale truly reflects the phenomenon under study.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
[blank_start]Secondary Analysis[blank_end] refers to a variety of research techniques that make use of previously collected and publicly assible information and data.
Answer
  • Secondary Analysis

Question 38

Question
[blank_start]Content Analysis[blank_end] is a systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided by some rationale.
Answer
  • Content Analysis

Question 39

Question
What is the Hawthorne effect?
Answer
  • the unintended influence of observers
  • when people are very truthful when they are being observed
  • When people lie more when they are being observed
  • When someone don't like being interviewed

Question 40

Question
[blank_start]Reflexitivity[blank_end] refers to how the researcher being present may influence the responses of the participant.
Answer
  • Reflexitivity

Question 41

Question
[blank_start]Culture[blank_end] is the complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society.
Answer
  • Culture

Question 42

Question
[blank_start]Society[blank_end] refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture.
Answer
  • Society

Question 43

Question
[blank_start]Symbols[blank_end] are defined as anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share culture.
Answer
  • Symbols

Question 44

Question
[blank_start]Gestures[blank_end] refer to using ones body to communicate with others and are simply shorthand means of communication.
Answer
  • Gestures

Question 45

Question
[blank_start]Language[blank_end] is a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
Answer
  • Language

Question 46

Question
[blank_start]Cultural transmission[blank_end] is the process by which one generation passes the culture to the next.
Answer
  • Cultural transmission

Question 47

Question
[blank_start]The Sapir-Wharf hypothesis[blank_end] states that our thinking and perception are not only expressed by language, but actually shaped by language.
Answer
  • The Sapir-Wharf hypothesis

Question 48

Question
[blank_start]Values[blank_end] are culturally defined standards by which people judge desirability, goodness, and beauty, and which serve as broad guidelines for social living.
Answer
  • Values

Question 49

Question
[blank_start]Norms[blank_end] are rules and expectations that develop out of a groups values by which a society guides the behavior of its members.
Answer
  • Norms

Question 50

Question
Types of Norms?
Answer
  • Folkway
  • law
  • mores
  • principles

Question 51

Question
Sanctions is what happens when people do everything in there power to go against norms
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
Taboos are norms so strongly ingrained that even the thought of them are greeted with revulsion, while ethnomethodology is a technique for studying human interaction by deliberately disrupting social norms and observing how individuals respond.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
Material Cultures are?
Answer
  • things like jewelry, art, buildings, clothing , and etc
  • are ways of thinking
  • are social patterns
  • None of the above

Question 54

Question
[blank_start]Nonmaterial Culture[blank_end] is a group ways of thinking (beliefs, value) and common patterns of behavior (gesture, language)
Answer
  • Nonmaterial Culture

Question 55

Question
Ideal Culture is when actual social patterns only approximate cultural expectations, while real culture is defined by social patterns which are mandated by cultural values and norms
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

Question
[blank_start]High Culture[blank_end] refers to cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
Answer
  • High Culture

Question 57

Question
[blank_start]Popular Culture[blank_end] designates cultural patterns that are widespread among a societys population.
Answer
  • Popular Culture

Question 58

Question
[blank_start]Cultural Integration[blank_end] is the close relationship among various elements of a cultural system.
Answer
  • Cultural Integration

Question 59

Question
[blank_start]Cultural lag[blank_end] refers to the fact that cultural elements change at different rates which may disrupt a cultural system.
Answer
  • Cultural lag

Question 60

Question
what are cultural changes that are set in motion by what factors?
Answer
  • invention
  • dicovery
  • reliability
  • diffusion

Question 61

Question
[blank_start]Cultural Relativism[blank_end] consists of trying to appreciate other groups ways of life in the contexts in which they exist, without judging them as superior or inferior to our own.
Answer
  • Cultural Relativism

Question 62

Question
[blank_start]Multiculturalism[blank_end] is an educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the U.S. and promoting equality of all cultural traditions.
Answer
  • Multiculturalism

Question 63

Question
[blank_start]Ethnocentrism[blank_end] is using our own culture (assuming to to be good, right, superior) to judge other cultures.
Answer
  • Ethnocentrism

Question 64

Question
[blank_start]Eurocentrism[blank_end] is the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns.
Answer
  • Eurocentrism

Question 65

Question
[blank_start]Subcultures[blank_end] are groups whose values and related behaviors are so distant that they set their members off from the dominant culture.
Answer
  • Subcultures

Question 66

Question
[blank_start]countercultures[blank_end] are groups whose values set their members in opposition to the dominant cultures,
Answer
  • countercultures

Question 67

Question
[blank_start]Cultural shock[blank_end] refers to personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
Answer
  • Cultural shock

Question 68

Question
keys to promoting global culture?
Answer
  • Global economy
  • global communication
  • global problems
  • global migration
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Sociology: Crime and Deviance Flash cards
Beth Morley
Sociology - Crime and Deviance - Feminists
josaul1996
Functionalist Theory of Crime
A M
The Functionalist perspective on education
Phoebe Fletcher
Realist Theories
A M
Sociology for the MCAT
Sarah Egan
KEY CONCEPTS & CHOICE OF METHOD SCLY2
ashiana121
Research Methods
cheyenne warwick
Ethnicity, Crime & Justice
A M
Sociology Key Words
kazoakley
Theories of Family
Summer Pearce