The Paris Peace Conference and the Terms of the Treaty of Versailles Quiz

Leah Firmstone
Quiz by Leah Firmstone, updated more than 1 year ago
Leah Firmstone
Created by Leah Firmstone over 5 years ago
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Description

GCSE History (Peacemaking 1918-19 and the League of Nations) Quiz on The Paris Peace Conference and the Terms of the Treaty of Versailles Quiz, created by Leah Firmstone on 10/18/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The war against [blank_start]Germany[blank_end] ended with the armistice on [blank_start]11[blank_end] Nov [blank_start]1918[blank_end]. The [blank_start]Entente Cordiale[blank_end] powers had defeated Germany, but at a price. In the West the war had been fought mostly in [blank_start]France and Belgium[blank_end] and much of their land had been devastated: Military losses for Britain and the empire totalled around 1 million, for France they were around 1.4 million and for the USA just over 100,000. Added to this were the wounded, which came to around 20 million, and civilian losses which totalled over 6 million if the [blank_start]influenza epidemic[blank_end] of 1818-19 is included.
Answer
  • Germany
  • 11
  • 1918
  • Entente Cordiale
  • France and Belgium
  • influenza epidemic

Question 2

Question
The 'Big Three' of the Paris Peace Conference were....
Answer
  • Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill
  • Lloyd George, Truman, Clemenceau
  • Lloyd George, Wilson, Clemenceau

Question 3

Question
Clemenceau was 79 in 1919. He had seen [blank_start]Germany[blank_end] invade France twice in his lifetime, in [blank_start]1870[blank_end] and in [blank_start]1914[blank_end], and was under great pressure from the French public who wanted [blank_start]revenge[blank_end] on Germany. Most of the war had been fought on French soil and the industry and [blank_start]agriculture[blank_end] of north-western France had been virtually ruined. The desire of the French people for revenge and [blank_start]compensation[blank_end] was understandable but unlikely to lead to a [blank_start]fair[blank_end] peace agreement.
Answer
  • Germany
  • 1870
  • 1914
  • revenge
  • agriculture
  • compensation
  • fair

Question 4

Question
Clemenceau’s main aim was to gain security for France by preventing another attack on its frontiers.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
What slogans did Lloyd George's party use in their successful general election campaign at the end of 1918?
Answer
  • 'Hang the Kaiser'
  • 'Make Germany Pay'
  • 'Peace, Bread, Land'
  • 'Down with the German woman'

Question 6

Question
Did Lloyd George share these views?
Answer
  • Yes
  • No

Question 7

Question
Woodrow Wilson published his Fourteen-point plan in January 1918. Which of these were part of this plan?
Answer
  • The end of secret treaties
  • Reduction in armies and weapons
  • Russian troops to leave Germany
  • An independent Poland to be set up with a port
  • The formation of an association of nations to guarantee peace
  • Alsace and Lorraine to be set up and independant states

Question 8

Question
Wilson was an [blank_start]idealist[blank_end] who believed that lasting peace was not possible without the introduction of new [blank_start]standards[blank_end] into public life. He believed that countries should be open and truthful with each other and that the boundaries of Europe should be recognised according to the principle of [blank_start]self-determination[blank_end]. The USA had only been in the war since [blank_start]1917[blank_end] and Wilson did not [blank_start]appreciate[blank_end] the strong feelings against Germany that existed in France and Britain, so he simplified the problems. Moreover, it soon became obvious that his party was [blank_start]losing[blank_end] support in the USA and there was a growing feeling in America that the USA should have nothing to do with [blank_start]Europe[blank_end]. There was no [blank_start]certainty[blank_end] that the USA would sign the treaty. As the conference went on, Wilson began to give in more to the views of [blank_start]Clemenceau[blank_end], putting all his faith in the success of the [blank_start]League of Nations[blank_end]
Answer
  • idealist
  • standards
  • self-determination
  • 1917
  • appreciate
  • losing
  • Europe
  • certainty
  • Clemenceau
  • League of Nations

Question 9

Question
When was Germany forced to sign the Treaty at the Palace of Versailles?
Answer
  • 7 March 1936
  • 11 November 1918
  • 28 June 1919

Question 10

Question
Label the below image with the names of the areas lost by Germany.
Answer
  • Rhineland, demilitarized.
  • Alsace-Lorraine, returned to France
  • Saarland, under control of LoN for 15 yr
  • Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium
  • Polish Corridor formed.
  • Danzig made a free city, used by Poland

Question 11

Question
Anschluss, the union of Germany and Austria, was permitted according to the Treaty of Versailles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
The Army was limited to [blank_start]100,000[blank_end] men. [blank_start]Conscription[blank_end] was not allowed and tanks and military aircraft were [blank_start]forbidden[blank_end]. The Navy was limited to [blank_start]15,000[blank_end] men, [blank_start]6[blank_end] battleships and [blank_start]no[blank_end] submarines. The [blank_start]Rhineland[blank_end] was declared to be a demilitarized zone. This meant that although it still belonged to Germany, no German [blank_start]troops[blank_end] or weapons were to be allowed within [blank_start]50[blank_end]km of the river [blank_start]Rhine[blank_end]. Allied troops were to occupy parts of this area for [blank_start]15[blank_end] years, although they had all left by 1930.
Answer
  • 100,000
  • Conscription
  • forbidden
  • 15,000
  • 6
  • no
  • Rhineland
  • 50
  • Rhine
  • 15
  • troops

Question 13

Question
Why was Germany forced to admit that it was guilty of causing the war?
Answer
  • Because it really was responsible.
  • To give the allies a legal reason for demanding reparations from Germany.
  • As moral condemnation of the actions of the country

Question 14

Question
Reparations were compensation to be paid by the defeated powers to the victorious powers for the cost of the war.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
The war had been [blank_start]costly[blank_end] for everyone: all the countries involved had lost large numbers of [blank_start]men[blank_end] and spent a vast amount of money on [blank_start]munitions[blank_end], transport and supplies for the fighting men. In the case of France and [blank_start]Belgium[blank_end], in addition to their losses of men and weapons, much of their land and industry had been [blank_start]destroyed[blank_end] by the war. The problem of [blank_start]reparations[blank_end] was so complex that it was too difficult to solve in [blank_start]1919[blank_end]. Feelings of hatred and revenge in the victorious countries against the defeated ones were too great. A Reparations [blank_start]Commission[blank_end] was set up, which reported in 1921; reparations were set at £[blank_start]6,600[blank_end] million. Germany was originally given [blank_start]42[blank_end] years to pay, but the amount was reduced in [blank_start]1929[blank_end] and it stopped paying in the 1930s.
Answer
  • costly
  • men
  • munitions
  • Belgium
  • destroyed
  • reparations
  • 1919
  • 6,600
  • 42
  • 1929
  • Commission

Question 16

Question
Which of these were German objections to the Treaty of Versailles?
Answer
  • Diktat
  • Loss of Land
  • Military Restrictions
  • War Guilt
  • Reparations
  • Rejection from the League of Nations
  • Dissolved Government

Question 17

Question
The Treaty of Versailles brought [blank_start]peace[blank_end] to Europe and set up an international organisation, the League of [blank_start]Nations[blank_end], to preserve the peace. However, it left Germany with many [blank_start]grievances[blank_end], some of which seemed justified because some of the terms of the Treaty contradicted the [blank_start]Fourteen[blank_end] Points. If Germany ever recovered from the war, it would be determined to get rid of what it saw as the [blank_start]unfair[blank_end] parts of the treaty, this could lead to future [blank_start]problems[blank_end]. Wilson had put too much [blank_start]faith[blank_end] in the power of the League of Nations to solve these problems. When the US government [blank_start]refused[blank_end] to sign the treaty and did not join the League, the whole [blank_start]settlement[blank_end] became less secure.
Answer
  • peace
  • grievances
  • Nations
  • Fourteen
  • problems
  • faith
  • refused
  • settlement
  • unfair
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